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Gregory of Nazianzus on the Trinity and the Knowledge of God: In Your Light We Shall See Light

Christopher A. Beeley

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195313970
eISBN:
9780199871827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313970.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Gregory of Nazianzus has long been regarded as the premier teacher on the Holy Trinity in Eastern Christianity. Yet, ironically, for over a century historians and theologians have neglected his work ... More


Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Carl Beckwith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Hilary of Poitiers (c300–368), who was instrumental in shaping the development of pro-Nicene theology in the West, combined two separate works, a treatise on faith (De Fide) and a treatise against ... More


Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Maurice Wiles

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Arianism is a fourth‐century heresy, which affirmed Christ to be divine, but not in the same full sense in which God the Father is divine. Traditional Trinitarianism, with its classical expression in ... More


Epilogue

Maurice Wiles

in Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Poses a question that the preceding historical survey raises for contemporary faith. Orthodox Trinitarianism, and the Nicene Creed in which it finds classical expression, were hammered out in the ... More


Nicaea

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the evidence for membership of the two alliances which squared up against one another before Nicaea, including the names and numbers on both sides, and the degree to which ... More


Rome and Serdica

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the moves toward a second Ecumenical Council in the years after the second depositions of Athanasius and Marcellus. Constantius’ brother, Constans, is presented as a central ... More


The ‘Eusebians’ in Action

David M. Gwynn

in The Eusebians: The Polemic of Athanasius of Alexandria and the Construction of the `Arian Controversy'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199205554
eISBN:
9780191709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205554.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines Athanasius’ presentation of the ‘Eusebians’ in action, particularly in the Historia Arianorum and the other works of his third exile (356-62). Those actions include the writing ... More


The ‘Arianism’ of the ‘Eusebians’

David M. Gwynn

in The Eusebians: The Polemic of Athanasius of Alexandria and the Construction of the `Arian Controversy'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199205554
eISBN:
9780191709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205554.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter assesses Athanasius’ presentation of the ‘Eusebians’ as ‘Arian’. After a brief introduction to Athanasius’ highly polarized heresiological polemic, it traces Athanasius’ construction of ... More


Conclusion

Daniel H. Williams

in Ambrose of Milan and the End of the Arian-Nicene Conflicts

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198264644
eISBN:
9780191682735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264644.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter summarizes the discussions in the preceding chapters. The historical reconstruction of the years 360–87 challenged assumptions resulting from the ‘triumphalist’ model, namely, that the ... More


 Humanity, Divinity, and Biblical Exegesis in Early Arian Thought

Kevin Madigan

in The Passions of Christ in High-Medieval Thought: An Essay on Christological Development

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195322743
eISBN:
9780199785407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322743.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter talks about Arian, including less well known Latin Arian sources. It analyzes how the Arians interpreted these texts, shows why they thought it theologically necessary to analyze them as ... More


The Gospel in Ancient Christian Churches

Ted A. Campbell

in The Gospel in Christian Traditions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370638
eISBN:
9780199870738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370638.003.003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the ways in which the gospel message was transmitted in ancient Christian churches that survive today, specifically, the Catholic (or “Roman Catholic”) Church, Eastern Orthodox ... More


The Gospel and the Ecumenical Movement

Ted A. Campbell

in The Gospel in Christian Traditions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370638
eISBN:
9780199870738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370638.003.006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 5 explores how the gospel message has been received and affirmed in the ecumenical movement, the movement from the twentieth century that has sought the “visible unity” of Christian churches. ... More


Trinitarian Debates from Nicaea (325) to Sirmium (351)

Carl L. Beckwith

in Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the Trinitarian debates from the Council of Nicaea (325) to the synod of Sirmium (351) and the emergence of the creed from Nicaea in the West as a standard of orthodoxy.


Theological Definitions

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Christian doctrinal definitions (e.g., creeds) try to state doctrines in as precise a way as possible, using words — as far as possible — in literal senses. But they incorporate presuppositions which ... More


The Role of Creeds

Richard Swinburne

in Faith and Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283927
eISBN:
9780191712524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283927.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A creed explains how the pursuit of a particular religious way will achieve the goals of that religion. It does that by explaining in what salvation consists (e.g., in what the blessedness of Heaven, ... More


Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

Lewis Ayres

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198755067
eISBN:
9780191602788
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198755066.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The first part of the book offers a new narrative of the fourth-century Trinitarian controversies. It takes forward modern revisionary scholarship, showing the slow emergence of the theologies that ... More


Implications for Theology; Christianity in a Nutshell

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0025
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter argues that theology needs a new language. It adduces quotes from various recent publications that show that after two millennia the meaning of Jesus’ words has become for many people in ... More


Rereading Augustine's Theology of the Trinity

Michel René Barnes

in The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Trinity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246120
eISBN:
9780191600531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246122.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Michel René Barnes shows how Augustine's trinitarian theology is best understood as a progressive appropriation of ‘Nicene’ trinitarian theology, developed in polemical engagement with those who deny ... More


Constantine: Lactantius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Arius, and the Council of Nicaea

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The new situation created by the rise to sole power of a Christian emperor was seen by many Christians as fulfilment of the prophecy that God's word would spread throughout the civilized world but ... More


Ambrose 1

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0040
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Considers Ambrose, bishop of Milan in the late fourth century, as a major figure in the differentiation between the Latin west and the Greek east and the establishment of orthodoxy as defined by the ... More


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