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Secular States in Crisis

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

in The Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the making of State Power.

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144260
eISBN:
9780199833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144260.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Malaysia and Pakistan sought to address their problems through economic growth and the management of ethnic tensions. Malaysia pursued the New Economic Policy (NEP) to favor Malay bumiputras (sons of ... More


The Telecom Revolution in India: Technology, Regulation, and Policy

Varadharajan Sridhar (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075530
eISBN:
9780199081042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075530.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book discusses the innovations in the telecom industry in India. It specifically describes the sub-segments of Indian telecom, providing insights into critical technology, market, and regulatory ... More


Mock Reforms (1984–1986)

Adams Adrian and So Jaabe

in A Claim to Land by the River: A Household in Senegal, 1720-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201915
eISBN:
9780191675072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201915.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

By the mid-1980s, the results of the first phase of Senegal's structural adjustment programme were judged unsatisfactory. A second phase was introduced, to run from 1985 to 1990; the Medium and Long ... More


Bukharin and the New Economic Policy

Peter Ferdinand

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes Bukharin as an advocate and principal defender of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It also traces the developments of Bukharin's ideas on how to transform the Soviet Union into a ... More


Bukharin’s Theory of Cultural Revolution

John Biggart

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that while Bukharin is considered to have been a custodian of Leninism and the gradual change during the New Economic Policy (NEP), his theory of cultural revolution differed ... More


Bukharin and the Countryside

V. P. Danilov

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Bukharin's policy towards the peasantry. It discusses the rural aspects of Bukharin's co-operative collectivization, his alternative to the Stalinist methods of ... More


The Show Goes On

R.V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

in History of Education Policymaking in India, 1947-2016

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199474943
eISBN:
9780199090891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474943.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes the policy initiatives of the Modi Government such as the appointment of the Hari Guatam and Kaw Committees to review the functioning of the UGC and AICTE respectively and of ... More


On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere

Stuart Finkel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122411
eISBN:
9780300145076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122411.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Having emerged, exhausted but triumphant, from the bloody and divisive Russian Civil War, V. I. Lenin and his colleagues turned to eliminating perceived ideological foes from within. This book tells ... More


The Post-Diasporic Imagination: The Novels of K. S. Maniam

Eddie Tay

in Colony, Nation, and Globalisation: Not at Home in Singaporean and Malaysian Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028740
eISBN:
9789882206762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028740.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines the concept of post-diasporic experience in the works of K. S. Maniam, a Malaysian novelist and a third-generation descendent of South Asian migrants who worked as indentured ... More


Pyrrhic Victories

Jörg Baberowski

in Scorched Earth: Stalin's Reign of Terror

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300136982
eISBN:
9780300220575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300136982.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the aftermath of the Bolsheviks' victory over both the Whites, or counterrevolutionaries, and all rival socialists. The Bolsheviks broke the military resistance of the Whites, ... More


The New Economic Policy

Lynne Attwood

in Gender and Housing in Soviet Russia: Private Life in a Public Space

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081453
eISBN:
9781781701768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081453.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter is concerned with the 1920s, the time of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It deals with the return to private housing, the establishment of an official norm of living space, and the ... More


Policy and Regulatory Initiatives in India and their Impact

R.U.S. Prasad

in Resolving Disputes in Telecommunications: Global Practices and Challenges

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198066453
eISBN:
9780199081271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198066453.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter discusses the policy and regulatory initiatives that were carried out in India so far. It includes those initiatives that were adapted since the telecom sector was liberalized, shortly ... More


Introduction

Stuart Finkel

in On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122411
eISBN:
9780300145076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122411.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a description of the expulsion of intellectuals and their families from Russia in fall 1922 and winter 1923, by Lenin and his colleagues in the Bolshevik Party. ... More


Judicial Modernity as Performance of Formality: The Beiyang Era

in Trial of Modernity: Judicial Reform in Early Twentieth-Century China, 1901-1937

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804755863
eISBN:
9780804779500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804755863.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the impact of New Policy initiatives in the Beiyang government. It examines how the Republican state was driven by Western models and reveals what judicial modernity actually ... More


Viceroy of New Spain

Gonzalo M. Quintero Saravia

in Bernardo de Gálvez: Spanish Hero of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640792
eISBN:
9781469640815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640792.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

On May 25, 1785, Bernardo de Gálvez arrived in New Spain as acting viceroy, and was confirmed shortly afterwards. Upon his arrival Gálvez adopted a new style of governance which made him very popular ... More


New Spain: Fighting the Apache

Gonzalo M. Quintero Saravia

in Bernardo de Gálvez: Spanish Hero of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640792
eISBN:
9781469640815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640792.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter follows Bernardo de Gálvez’s first sojourn in America where he followed his uncle who was posted to the viceroyalty of New Spain (mainly today’s Mexico, Southwest of the United States ... More


Reforming State, Party, and Economy

in The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770835
eISBN:
9780804781794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770835.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the impact of the May 1969 riots on institution building and social reform in Malaysia. It suggests that this incident served as a catalyst for redistributive policies and ... More


The Militarization of Socialism in Russia

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Socialism in the Soviet Union was shaped by Russia's particular historical traditions, its revolutionary experience, and the international trend toward managerial society. Explaining the actual ... More


The Second Phase of National Communism

Józef Mackiewicz

in The Triumph of Provocation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300145694
eISBN:
9780300145700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300145694.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the history of the second phase of national communism in the Soviet Union. It discusses Joseph Stalin's New Economic Policy and his program of nationalism aimed at saving ... More


Hyper Competition and Excessive Spectrum Fragmentation: Case of India

Rohit Prasad and V. Sridhar

in The Dynamics of Spectrum Management: Legacy, Technology, and Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099789
eISBN:
9780199083060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099789.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter covers the spectrum saga in India—the initial assignment of radio waves in 1994 to the recently held auction in 2013—tracing the history with complex policies embedded in the political ... More


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