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New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Paul Shackel

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

New Philadelphia, Illinois, was founded in 1836 by Frank McWorter, a Kentucky slave who purchased his own freedom and then acquired land on the prairie for establishing a new—and ... More


A Case for Landmark Status

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The archaeology of New Philadelphia challenges the ways that historical archaeologists study race within communities. In the case of New Philadelphia, the development of historical context helps to ... More


Some Thoughts, but Not the Final Word

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

New Philadelphia is about entrepreneurial success and freedom. This chapter suggests that an interpretive center be built which explains the history and development of New Philadelphia and the ... More


Expansion and Decline

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Despite the strict 1853 Black Codes, several landowning African American families moved to the outskirts of New Philadelphia and became prominent members of the community. Living in a slave state ... More


Family Reunion and Division

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Many members of the McWorter family planned that part of their family reunion would be held at New Philadelphia, with the cooperation of the New Philadelphia Association (NPA) and the archaeology ... More


It Was Never Lost

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The Center for American Archaeology (CAA) made several overtures to the New Philadelphia Association (NPA). It could not convince the NPA that they had the resources to sustain a research program at ... More


From Grass Roots to a National Movement

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The New Philadelphia Association (NPA) had tried to increase awareness of the place and raise a significant amount of money to save New Philadelphia from future development, but had accumulated only ... More


The Apple Festival and National Significance

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The Barry Apple Festival featured members of the McWorter family as representatives of the community's founder. Terry Martin suggested that the McWorter family members first meet at the archaeology ... More


Three Generations of Building and One Hundred Years of Living in New Philadelphia

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

New Philadelphia had at least three generations of building, and people had lived in the town for almost one hundred years. It was a dynamic place, with families building, remodeling, and adding ... More


The Settlement of New Philadelphia

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The founding of New Philadelphia in west-central Illinois by Free Frank McWorter is a compelling and heroic narrative about freedom and the entrepreneurship of an African American family. Frank ... More


Racism’s Waste and Resilient Entrepreneurs

Christopher C. Fennell

in Broken Chains and Subverted Plans: Ethnicity, Race, and Commodities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813062457
eISBN:
9780813053240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062457.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Many instances of racism in the United States occurred through open declarations of prejudice and overt acts of malevolence and violence. Many other impacts of racism occur in more structural and ... More


Race and the Illusion of Harmony

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes the history of race and racism in the community. Racialization is the process of assigning people to groups based on physical or cultural characteristics, which helps create ... More


The First Field Season

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Everyone in the community was excited with the work toward developing a more in-depth understanding of the growth, development, and eventual demise of New Philadelphia. During the first field season, ... More


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