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Secular States in Crisis

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

in The Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the making of State Power.

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144260
eISBN:
9780199833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144260.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Malaysia and Pakistan sought to address their problems through economic growth and the management of ethnic tensions. Malaysia pursued the New Economic Policy (NEP) to favor Malay bumiputras (sons of ... More


Bukharin and the New Economic Policy

Peter Ferdinand

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes Bukharin as an advocate and principal defender of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It also traces the developments of Bukharin's ideas on how to transform the Soviet Union into a ... More


Bukharin’s Theory of Cultural Revolution

John Biggart

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that while Bukharin is considered to have been a custodian of Leninism and the gradual change during the New Economic Policy (NEP), his theory of cultural revolution differed ... More


Bukharin and the Countryside

V. P. Danilov

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Bukharin's policy towards the peasantry. It discusses the rural aspects of Bukharin's co-operative collectivization, his alternative to the Stalinist methods of ... More


On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere

Stuart Finkel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122411
eISBN:
9780300145076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122411.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Having emerged, exhausted but triumphant, from the bloody and divisive Russian Civil War, V. I. Lenin and his colleagues turned to eliminating perceived ideological foes from within. This book tells ... More


Pyrrhic Victories

Jörg Baberowski

in Scorched Earth: Stalin's Reign of Terror

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300136982
eISBN:
9780300220575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300136982.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the aftermath of the Bolsheviks' victory over both the Whites, or counterrevolutionaries, and all rival socialists. The Bolsheviks broke the military resistance of the Whites, ... More


The New Economic Policy

Lynne Attwood

in Gender and Housing in Soviet Russia: Private Life in a Public Space

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081453
eISBN:
9781781701768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081453.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter is concerned with the 1920s, the time of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It deals with the return to private housing, the establishment of an official norm of living space, and the ... More


Reforming State, Party, and Economy

in The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770835
eISBN:
9780804781794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770835.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the impact of the May 1969 riots on institution building and social reform in Malaysia. It suggests that this incident served as a catalyst for redistributive policies and ... More


The Post-Diasporic Imagination: The Novels of K. S. Maniam

Eddie Tay

in Colony, Nation, and Globalisation: Not at Home in Singaporean and Malaysian Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028740
eISBN:
9789882206762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028740.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines the concept of post-diasporic experience in the works of K. S. Maniam, a Malaysian novelist and a third-generation descendent of South Asian migrants who worked as indentured ... More


Introduction

Stuart Finkel

in On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122411
eISBN:
9780300145076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122411.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a description of the expulsion of intellectuals and their families from Russia in fall 1922 and winter 1923, by Lenin and his colleagues in the Bolshevik Party. ... More


The Militarization of Socialism in Russia

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Socialism in the Soviet Union was shaped by Russia's particular historical traditions, its revolutionary experience, and the international trend toward managerial society. Explaining the actual ... More


1917–21: On the Internal Fronts

Jonathan D. Smele

in The "Russian" Civil Wars, 1916—1926: Ten Years That Shook the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190233044
eISBN:
9780190618551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233044.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explains the challenges to Bolshevik rule within the Soviet zone during the civil wars, including peasant rebellions against the requisitioning of foodstuffs that were at the heart of ... More


The Political Culture of a Poet

Andrew Kahn

in Mandelstam's Worlds: Poetry, Politics, and Identity in a Revolutionary Age

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198857938
eISBN:
9780191890505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857938.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, World Literature

It has been an article of faith in Mandelstam studies that he conceived an early antagonism for Soviet life and became an outcast. This chapter surveys the political language of journalism and poetry ... More


The Second Phase of National Communism

Józef Mackiewicz

in The Triumph of Provocation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300145694
eISBN:
9780300145700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300145694.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the history of the second phase of national communism in the Soviet Union. It discusses Joseph Stalin's New Economic Policy and his program of nationalism aimed at saving ... More


The Communist Oppositions and Post-Stalinist Reform

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0035
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the first dozen years of Soviet rule, the Communist oppositions encompassed all the waves of criticism in the Bolshevik/Communist Party that resisted the decisions and policies of Vladimir ... More


The NEP Economy

Elizabeth Kendall

in Balanchine and the Lost Muse: Revolution and the Making of a Choreographer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959341
eISBN:
9780199346028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959341.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Dance, History, Western

This chapter focuses on impact of the New Economic Policy (NEP) of the 1920s on Georges, Lidochka, and their classmates. As the new economy took shape, they faced not only money problems but personal ... More


Chasing the Wealth: The Americanization of Il’f and Petrov’s The Twelve Chairs

Robert Mulcahy

in Border Crossing: Russian Literature into Film

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474411424
eISBN:
9781474418454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474411424.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter explores Mel Brooks’s transformation of Il’ia Il’f and Evgenii Petrov’s 1928 novel about three men chasing a stash of jewels hidden in a set of dining room chairs into the American ... More


Peace and insecurity

James Harris

in The Great Fear: Stalin's Terror of the 1930s

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199695768
eISBN:
9780191778971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695768.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Chapter 2 covers the period of the New Economic Policy, which is generally seen as a period of relative calm and stability. It explains why underlying insecurities did not go away. In particular, the ... More


Commerce: Selling Wine in the Age of Revolution

Stephen V. Bittner

in Whites and Reds: A History of Wine in the Lands of Tsar and Commissar

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198784821
eISBN:
9780191827129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198784821.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History, European Modern History

Russia’s ‘passage through Armageddon’—seven years of war, revolution, and civil war—destroyed almost entirely the empire’s vinicultural economy. Wartime prohibition, territorial losses, vineyard ... More


The Phantom of the Soviet Thermidor

Jay Bergman

in The French Revolutionary Tradition in Russian and Soviet Politics, Political Thought, and Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198842705
eISBN:
9780191878619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842705.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History, Cultural History

Chapter 8 describes the origins of the debate over Thermidor—the phase in the French Revolution following the Jacobin Terror—in the New Economic Policy Lenin initiated in 1921. It also shows the role ... More


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