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Know Your Enemy: Britain and the Appeasement of Hitler

Dominic D. P. Johnson

in Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter delves into the British perceptions of Adolf Hitler's intentions in the 1930s. It offers a reverse case, in which those in power maintained beliefs opposite to those predicted by the ... More


National‐Level Party Management

Andrew Thorpe

in Parties at War: Political Organization in Second World War Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199272730
eISBN:
9780191709661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272730.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the resilience of the Conservative, Labour, and Liberal parties in wartime Britain. It focuses, not just on the party leaders like Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill, ... More


Profits of Peace: The Political Economy of Anglo-German Appeasement

Scott Newton

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202127
eISBN:
9780191675164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202127.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This interpretation of Anglo-German appeasement challenges existing accounts, both orthodox and revisionist, by focusing on the economic motivations behind appeasement rather than on the workings of ... More


‘Twelve Weeks of War’

Asa Briggs

in The War of Words: The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: Volume III

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192129567
eISBN:
9780191670022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192129567.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explains that Great Britain's sitzkrieg with Germany actually started on September 1, 1939, two days before Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's broadcast. It officially started when ... More


Old Wine in New Bottles? British Policy towards Czechoslovakia, 1938–1939 and 1947–1948

Vít Smetana

in Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263914
eISBN:
9780191734359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263914.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Britain's policy towards Czechoslovakia, ironically and tragically, twice fell victim to the geo-strategic realities of the time. While the general approach to foreign policy conducted by Neville ... More


Behind the Scenes

Asa Briggs

in The War of Words: The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: Volume III

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192129567
eISBN:
9780191670022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192129567.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses Great Britain's first experience of World War 2 on September 3, 1939 with a broadcast and an air-raid warning. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain made the announcement that ... More


Britain’s Near Abroad

Anthony King

in The British Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199576982
eISBN:
9780191702235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576982.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Neville Chamberlain addressed the people of Britain a few days before he flew to Munich to meet Adolf Hitler in 1938. The subject of the prime minister was the dispute between the government of ... More


Neither Friend nor Foe: U.S.-British Relations in the Interwar Years

William T. Johnsen

in The Origins of the Grand Alliance: Anglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813168333
eISBN:
9780813168340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter establishes the political, diplomatic, economic, and military conditions of the interwar period that set the context for the first Anglo-American contacts. The narrative highlights ... More


When Empire Stopped Working

Susan Pedersen

in The Guardians: The League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199570485
eISBN:
9780191773709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570485.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

In addition to a legitimation crisis, the mandates system also suffered from dwindling support from the mandatory powers themselves, especially once the Italo-Ethiopian war demonstrated how hard the ... More


The Parties' Election Programmes

Andrew Thorpe

in The British General Election of 1931

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202189
eISBN:
9780191675195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202189.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The election manifestos of Britain's political parties in 1931 did not attain a mass readership. However, in so far as they informed the policy basis of each party's campaign, and of each candidate's ... More


Conferences and their (Dis)contents, 1933–1934

Patricia Clavin

in Securing the World Economy: The Reinvention of the League of Nations, 1920-1946

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199577934
eISBN:
9780191744211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577934.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Economic History

The World Economic Conference convened by the League 1933 lies at the heart of international efforts to combat the depression. It was called by the British and French governments, acting in concert ... More


Ties That Bind: The Effects of Supply Negotiations on Anglo-American Cooperation, 1938–1940

William T. Johnsen

in The Origins of the Grand Alliance: Anglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813168333
eISBN:
9780813168340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the early British and French efforts to procure war materiel from the United States and the positive influence of those negotiations on the development of Anglo-American ... More


Towards Rearmament, 1934–1935

Christopher W. Miller

in Planning and Profits: British Naval Armaments Manufacture and the Military Industrial Complex, 1918-1941

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940667
eISBN:
9781786944412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940667.003.0007
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter outlines the major developments in the years 1934 and 1935, as Britain entered a period of planning without spending, and attempting to lay the groundwork for a potential rearmament ... More


‘Peace for our time’

Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

in A matter of intelligence: MI5 and the surveillance of anti-Nazi refugees, 1933-50

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719090790
eISBN:
9781781707357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090790.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This short chapter links Part I and Part II, giving a brief overview of political developments in 1938-39 as the background to the growing ‘refugee crisis’, i.e. the growing number of refugees ... More


Modes and models of Conservative women’s leadership in the 1930s

Julie V. Gottlieb

in Rethinking Right-Wing Women: Gender and the Conservative Party, 1880s To the Present

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781784994389
eISBN:
9781526132383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994389.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Women came into their own in the Conservative Party in the aftermath of suffrage as party workers, as MPs, as local and national leaders, and as part of a notional women’s bloc of voters that ... More


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