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The Christology of Theodoret of Cyrus: Antiochene Christology from the Council of Ephesus (431) to the Council of Chalcedon (451)

Paul B. Clayton, Jr.

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198143987
eISBN:
9780191711497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198143987.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Theodoret of Cyrus (c.393-466) was the most able Antiochene theologian in the defence of Nestorius from the Council of Ephesus in 431 to the Council of Chalcedon in 451. While the works of Theodore ... More


The Tome of Leo

Bernard Green

in The Soteriology of Leo the Great

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534951
eISBN:
9780191715990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534951.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Leo's decision to write letters offering theological teaching was a new departure for the papacy. The Tome was his most ambitious theological project; arguments against his authorship are weak. It is ... More


Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Donald Fairbairn

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256143
eISBN:
9780191600586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256144.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book addresses the question of whether the fifth‐century pronouncements about Christ's person were reflective of a genuine theological consensus in the early Church, or whether they were merely ... More


The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Major reconsideration of the notion of divine impassibility in patristic thought. It is commonly claimed that patristic theology fell prey to the assumption of Hellenistic philosophy about the ... More


Christ as the Uniquely Graced Man in Theodore and Nestorius

Donald Fairbairn

in Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256143
eISBN:
9780191600586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256144.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter finds that Theodore of Mopsuestia and Nestorius understand salvation as the human ascent from the current imperfect age to a perfect future age (the second katastasis), and grace is ... More


Nestorianism Countered: Cyril's Theology of theDivine Kenosis

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Having briefly surveyed various inadequate approaches to the Nestorian controversy, the author shows that the protection of the unqualified divine impassibility from being compromised by any ... More


The Rhetorical and Interpretative Method of Nestorius

Susan Wessel

in Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines several homilies that Nestorius delivered during his controversy with Cyril, in the light of Nestorius' biblical interpretative method and his early rhetorical training in the ... More


Introduction

Daniel A. Keating

in The Appropriation of Divine Life in Cyril of Alexandria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267132
eISBN:
9780191602092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267138.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Places Cyril in historical context, and outlines the theme of the appropriation of divine life in Cyril’s narrative of salvation. Through this narrative of divine life, Cyril links the ... More


The Christological Debate, I: To the First Council of Ephesus (431)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0052
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Discusses the debate about the nature of Christ and its repercussions from its origins to the Council of Ephesus in 431. Divisions on the question were by no means clear‐cut in their relation to ... More


The Christological Debate, II: From Reunion (433) to a Breakdown of Unity (449)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0053
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Continues the history of the Christological debate from the Formulary of Reunion in 433 to the break down of unity and deposition of Flavian, bishop of Constantinople in 449. The western emperor ... More


Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Susan Wessel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

What were the historical and cultural processes by which Cyril of Alexandria was elevated to canonical status while his opponent, Nestorius, Bishop of Constantinople, was made into a heretic? In ... More


Introduction

Susan Wessel

in Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This study explains the paradox regarding Cyril and Nestorius in the Eastern church history by situating the Nestorian controversy within a broader historical and cultural context. It examines how ... More


Epilogue

Susan Wessel

in Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

After Chalcedon, Cyril's Twelve Chapters, which he had composed in opposition to Nestorius and which the Antiochenes had said were heretical, were finally reaffirmed at the Fifth Ecumenical Council ... More


Sedulius

ROGER P. H. GREEN

in Latin Epics of the New Testament: Juvencus, Sedulius, Arator

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199284573
eISBN:
9780191713804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284573.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Sedulius is a rather shadowy figure, though he himself describes a circle of Christian devotees, probably in Italy, to which he belongs. Almost exactly one hundred years later than Juvencus – this ... More


Ephesus and After: Leadership, Doctrinal Crisis, and the Transformation of the Antiochene Network

Adam M. Schor

in Theodoret's People: Social Networks and Religious Conflict in Late Roman Syria

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268623
eISBN:
9780520948617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268623.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter addresses the social roots and effects of doctrinal conflict during the Nestorian controversy. It examines the dispute over Nestorius from the perspective of the Antiochene network that ... More


State Power and Moral Defence: Nestorius and Irenaeus

Fergus Millar

in A Greek Roman Empire: Power and Belief under Theodosius II (408-450)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247031
eISBN:
9780520941410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247031.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The Imperial “laws” or letters concerning Nestorius and Irenaeus, addressed to major Prefects and the edicts that in their turn were broadcasted to the public, represent the best evidence for the ... More


The Scepter of Orthodoxy: The Cult of the Virgin and the Council of Ephesus

Stephen J. Shoemaker

in Mary in Early Christian Faith and Devotion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300217216
eISBN:
9780300219531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300217216.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the role of the cult of the Virgin in the controversies leading up to the Council of Ephesus as well as its outcome. Toward the end of the twentieth century, a number of studies ... More


Roman Ecclesiastical History in the Sasanian World: Reception, Adaptation, and Reaction

Philip Wood

in The Chronicle of Seert: Christian Historical Imagination in Late Antique Iraq

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199670673
eISBN:
9780191760709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670673.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, Church History

This chapter and the next examine the massive expansion in the historical awareness of the Church of the East of c.580, including the incorporation of large amounts of Roman ecclesiastical history, ... More


Cassian’s Catholic Ascetic Pneumatology

Thomas L. Humphries

in Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685035
eISBN:
9780191765537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685035.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

The first chapter opens an argument about Cassian’s pneumatological project by addressing three aspects of his ascetic pneumatology. Cassian’s theology of the Holy Spirit is orthodox according to the ... More


Posthumous Orthodoxy

Christine Shepardson

in Melania: Early Christianity Through the Life of One Family

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520292086
eISBN:
9780520965638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292086.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Melania the Younger died more than a decade before the Council of Chalcedon (451 CE) and the ensuing bitter conflicts between Chalcedonian and miaphysite Christians. Nevertheless, the Greek Vita by ... More


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