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Al-KindĪ

Peter Adamson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This monograph is a comprehensive study of the thought of al-Kindī, the first self-described philosopher in Islam, and the first to write original treatises in Arabic. Al-Kindī’s writings are closely ... More


Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Jonathan Jacobs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This is a study of the key features of the moral psychology and metaethics of three important medieval Jewish philosophers, Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides. They are selected ... More


Christian Grace and Pagan Virtue: The Theological Foundation of Ambrose’s Ethics

J. Warren Smith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369939
eISBN:
9780199893362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369939.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Though understandably overshadowed by Augustine’s preeminence in the West, Ambrose is a doctor of the Catholic Church and an important patristic authority for the Middle Ages and Reformation, ... More


Plato's Ghost: Spiritualism in the American Renaissance

Cathy Guiterrez

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388350
eISBN:
9780199866472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388350.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book examines the legacy of European esoteric speculation, particularly Platonic ideals, as they are transformed on a new continent. Promoting knowledge rather than salvation as the path to ... More


Plotinus, Porphyry 1

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The thought of Plotinus and his pupil Porphyry, who taught a modern version of Platonism in the third century, shows some parallel interests with Origen. Porphyry wrote some works ‘remarkably close ... More


Plotinus on Number

Svetla Slaveva-Griffin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195377194
eISBN:
9780199869572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377194.001.1
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This book examines Plotinus’ concept of number, one of the most difficult and obscure topics in Neoplatonism. The book argues that Plotinus is the first philosopher who explains the Platonic “true ... More


Conclusion: In Defense of Plato

Svetla Slaveva-Griffin

in Plotinus on Number

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195377194
eISBN:
9780199869572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377194.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The concept of number is the troublemaker in the history of Platonism. It separated the followers of Plato and Aristotle into two camps for generations. For Plotinus, however, the concept becomes the ... More


The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274 BC)

John Dillon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237662
eISBN:
9780191597336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237669.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this book, John Dillon investigates the development of the Academy in the 70 years after Plato's death in 347 b.c. He discusses the careers of the Academy's chief figures, in particular, ... More


The Anatomy of Neoplatonism

A. C. Lloyd

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238065
eISBN:
9780191597916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238061.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Neoplatonism is traditionally considered a mystical philosophy; on the contrary the aim of this book is to show the importance of a logical and epistemological approach for the understanding of ... More


Introduction

Simon Harrison

in Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter sets out the structure and method of this book. Will, evil, and predestination are all problems which have a history, and whose history is relevant to Augustine’s On Free Choice of the ... More


Pythagoras Revived: Mathematics and Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Dominic J. O'Meara

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198239130
eISBN:
9780191600937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239130.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Pythagorean idea that number is the key to understanding reality inspired Neoplatonist philosophers in Late Antiquity to develop theories in physics and metaphysics based on mathematical models. ... More


 Metaphysics: Oneness and Being

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter deals with al-Kindī’s metaphysics, which in this context means theology and the idea that being is an emanation or creation from God. Depending on the Neoplatonists, especially Proclus, ... More


Platonopolis: Platonic Political Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Dominic J. O'Meara

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285532
eISBN:
9780191717819
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285532.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Conventional wisdom suggests that the Platonist philosophers of Late Antiquity — from Plotinus in the 3rd century to the 6th-century schools in Athens and Alexandria — neglected the political ... More


From Ethics to Epistemology

Terrance W. Klein

in Wittgenstein and the Metaphysics of Grace

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199204236
eISBN:
9780191708039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204236.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter takes up the biblical roots of grace, noting that grace begins its life as an act, specifically the human perception of being favoured by God. All revealed religions view their adherents ... More


Enlightenment Orpheus: The Power of Music in Other Worlds

Vanessa Agnew

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195336665
eISBN:
9780199868544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336665.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Ancient beliefs in the power of music gained urgency during the mid to late 18th century. The period saw an efflorescence of Orpheus-themed musical works, including operas by Gluck, Mozart, and ... More


Avicenna’s Intellectual and Historical Milieu

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter covers the historical, cultural, and intellectual background up to and during the time of Avicenna. It begins by presenting the Greek course curriculum taught at the ... More


The Soul: Ambrose’s True Self

J. Warren Smith

in Christian Grace and Pagan Virtue: The Theological Foundation of Ambrose’s Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369939
eISBN:
9780199893362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369939.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the disputed relationship between Ambrose’s theology and Neoplatonic philosophy, with specific reference to his account of the identity of the person. One controversial passage ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This discusses the rationalism and the realism of the thinkers studied in this book. It explains why the work of these thinkers (Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides) is important to ... More


Lovesickness and Gender in Early Modern English Literature

Lesel Dawson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266128
eISBN:
9780191708688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266128.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Women's Literature

The discourse of love, which is subjective, private, and instinctive, is also culturally constructed, public, and learned; it emphasizes the way in which the expression of reflexive feelings is bound ... More


Historicizing Fertility

S. C. Humphreys

in The Strangeness of Gods: Historical Perspectives on the Interpretation of Athenian Religion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269235
eISBN:
9780191710094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269235.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter traces the construction in the 18th-19th centuries of the belief that fertility cult was the earliest form of religion. It developed in Enlightenment Neoplatonism (Payne Knight) and also ... More


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