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Music in the Institutions

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195096200
eISBN:
9780199870219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of how the Nazi regime was bent on reviving and coordinating musical practice in conventional institutions such as schools and even the churches as well as the ... More


Dissonance and Deviance

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195096200
eISBN:
9780199870219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Nazi struggle for modernity in music. It then discusses how German musicians in the Nazi era had a surprising degree of latitude in the creation and ... More


Constricting and Extinguishing Jewish Life

Trude Maurer

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0026
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows how Jews were deliberately terrorized starting in 1933. As of summer 1938 more extreme persecutions peaked in the pogrom of November 9-10 and the arrest and internment of about ... More


Musical Professionalism and Political Compromise

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195096200
eISBN:
9780199870219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a description of the careers of conductor Hans Knappertsbusch and musician Clemens Krauss during the Nazi regime. Knappertsbusch lost importance steadily throughout the Nazi ... More


National Socialism, the Third Reich, and the Music Scene

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195096200
eISBN:
9780199870219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the tough economic situation faced by Germany's hundred thousand or so musicians, fewer than half of whom were devoted to the so-called classics, or “serious ... More


Persecuted and Exiled Jewish and Anti-Nazi Musicians

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195096200
eISBN:
9780199870219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of Nazi anti-Semitic policy in the music sector. It then discusses Jewish musicians under Nazi rule, Jewish flight and exile, and exiled non-Jewish musicians. On ... More


Housing and Housekeeping

Trude Maurer

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0020
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows that Jews increasingly faced housing shortages under the Nazi regime, when their living arrangements deteriorated from cramped apartments to small rooms in “Jews' houses.” ... More


Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany

Robert Gellately

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205609
eISBN:
9780191676697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205609.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Nazis never won a majority in free elections, but soon after Hitler took power most Germans turned away from democracy and backed the Nazi regime. Hitler was able to win growing support even as ... More


The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich

Michael H. Kater

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195096200
eISBN:
9780199870219
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Is music removed from politics? To what ends, beneficent or malevolent, can music and musicians be put? In short, when human rights are grossly abused and politics turned to fascist demagoguery, can ... More


“Tomorrow the World”: Images of Germany before the Cold War

Brian C. Etheridge

in Enemies To Allies: Cold War Germany and American Memory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166407
eISBN:
9780813166636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166407.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter establishes how Germans, in many ways, have served as America's “other” since the founding of the English colonies in the seventeenth century. For the first half of American history, ... More


Family Life

Trude Maurer

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0021
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows that traditional criteria for a “suitable match” remained largely valid even in the Weimar era. Family size declined, and during the Nazi period the birth rate dropped ... More


‘Primacy Always Belongs to Politics’: Gustav Krupp and the Third Reich

R. J. Overy

in War and Economy in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202905
eISBN:
9780191675584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202905.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

There was no doubt in the minds of the American prosecutors that the head and leading directors of the Krupp concern bore some of the blame for the rise of Adolf Hitler, for conspiring to plan and ... More


From Civil War to European War: German–Spanish Economic Relations, 1939–1940

Christian Leitz

in Economic Relations between Nazi Germany and Franco’s Spain 1936–1945

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206453
eISBN:
9780191677137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206453.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses Franco's complete victory over the Republic of Spain, and how both the British and the French governments announced their recognition of Franco's regime as the legitimate ... More


Anti-Jewish Actions in Lower Franconia after 1933

Robert Gellately

in The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy 1933-1945

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228691
eISBN:
9780191678806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228691.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the Nazi regime, the Jews were subject to massive governmental racial policy. Anti-Semitism was directed towards the Jews particularly to those in small communities around Würzburg and Lower ... More


Divided generations: State violence and the formation of ‘two worlds’ in Nazi Germany

Mary Fulbrook

in Dissonant Lives: Generations and Violence Through the German Dictatorships

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199287208
eISBN:
9780191804335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199287208.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the history of state violence in Germany during the Nazi regime. It discusses Chancellor Adolf Hitler's programme for the so-called ‘Final Solution to the Jewish Question’, the ... More


The Daily Lives of Jewish Children and Youth in the “Third Reich”

Marion A. Kaplan

in Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195130928
eISBN:
9780199854486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130928.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter describes the lives of Jewish children and youth under the Nazi regime. The opening section relates the lives of Jewish students in Aryan schools and reveals that even before the laws on ... More


Introduction

Christian Leitz

in Economic Relations between Nazi Germany and Franco’s Spain 1936–1945

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206453
eISBN:
9780191677137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206453.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This section discusses the economic aspect of the relationship between the Franco regime and one of its two major ‘midwives’—Nationalist Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy. It notes that no ... More


Freedom of Expression in the Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Centuries

Volker R. Berghahn

in Journalists between Hitler and Adenauer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179636
eISBN:
9780691185071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179636.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This concluding chapter recounts the struggles faced by the three journalists and places them within the wider scope of press freedom. It also considers the lessons which might be learned from their ... More


Two Competing Ideals for a Third Reich

Noah Benezra Strote

in Lions and Lambs: Conflict in Weimar and the Creation of Post-Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300219050
eISBN:
9780300228045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219050.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the radical efforts of National Socialists and their supporters to create order out of the “chaos” of Weimar-era dissensus, as well as the difficulty they faced because of a ... More


Limited War and the Search for a Compromise Peace, September 1939–May 1940

Scott Newton

in Profits of Peace: The Political Economy of Anglo-German Appeasement

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202127
eISBN:
9780191675164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202127.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The outbreak of war was followed by a flurry of activity on the part of the government. For several months the civil service had been preparing plans for the establishment of a wartime ... More


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