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The Limits of Ethics in International Relations: Natural Law, Natural Rights, and Human Rights in Transition

David Boucher

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199203529
eISBN:
9780191695490
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203529.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Ethical constraints on relations among individuals within and between societies have always reflected or invoked a higher authority than the caprices of human will. For over two thousand years ... More


The Finnis Reconstruction

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines philosopher John Finnis' attempted reconstruction of natural law moral theory. It suggests that Finnis has undercut the functional view of Aristotelian ethics by suggesting that ... More


Introduction

S. Adam Seagrave

in The Foundations of Natural Morality: On the Compatibility of Natural Rights and the Natural Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226123431
eISBN:
9780226123578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226123578.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Introduction frames the argument presented in subsequent chapters against the backdrop of two rival approaches to natural moral foundations and intellectual history: the ... More


Strauss on Locke and the Law of Nature

Michael P. Zuckert and Catherine H. Zuckert

in Leo Strauss and the Problem of Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226135731
eISBN:
9780226135878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226135878.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The Lockean form of modernity was generally more attractive than the Machiavellian and far more successful. Locke appealed to what seemed a version of traditional natural law and cast his argument in ... More


“There Are, Thank God, Natural, Inherent and Inseparable Rights as Men …”: The Architecture of American Rights

Peter de Bolla

in The Architecture of Concepts: The Historical Formation of Human Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254385
eISBN:
9780823261178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254385.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

This chapter traces the history of debate in the colonies during the mid eighteenth century and leading up to the First Continental Congress around the issue of rights. It demonstrates how a new ... More


Locke on Natural Rights and the Natural Law

S. Adam Seagrave

in The Foundations of Natural Morality: On the Compatibility of Natural Rights and the Natural Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226123431
eISBN:
9780226123578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226123578.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter presents an interpretation of John Locke’s thought that focuses on his account of natural rights and the natural law in their relation to one another. This account depends upon Locke’s ... More


Natural Morality

S. Adam Seagrave

in The Foundations of Natural Morality: On the Compatibility of Natural Rights and the Natural Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226123431
eISBN:
9780226123578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226123578.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues for the compatibility of the ideas of natural rights and the natural law, a compatibility strong enough to give rise to the composite concept of natural morality. After revisiting ... More


Natural Law and Natural Rights in Early Enlightenment Copenhagen

Mads Langballe Jensen

in Philosophy, Rights and Natural Law: Essays in Honour of Knud Haakonssen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474449229
eISBN:
9781474460200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the earliest teaching of post-grotian natural law by Henrik Weghorst and Christian Reitzer in Copenhagen in the decades around 1700. This teaching has often been presented as ... More


The ‘Iura Connata’ in the Natural Law of Christian Wolff

Frank Grunert

in Philosophy, Rights and Natural Law: Essays in Honour of Knud Haakonssen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474449229
eISBN:
9781474460200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Whether Christian Wolff’s concept of innate rights is a substantial contribution to the development of the concept of human rights or not has been a major concern of recent literature. This chapter ... More


Self-Consciousness, Self-Ownership, and Natural Rights

S. Adam Seagrave

in The Foundations of Natural Morality: On the Compatibility of Natural Rights and the Natural Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226123431
eISBN:
9780226123578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226123578.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter elaborates on the Lockean idea of self-ownership through self-consciousness, arguing for the derivation of the idea of natural rights from the idea of self-ownership, and the derivation ... More


Dignity and Equality in Pufendorf’s Natural Law Theory

Simone Zurbuchen

in Philosophy, Rights and Natural Law: Essays in Honour of Knud Haakonssen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474449229
eISBN:
9781474460200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter explores the ambiguity of the notion of dignity in Pufendorf’s natural law theory. On the one hand, dignity (dignatio) denotes the moral status of human beings in virtue of which they ... More


Strauss's America

in Reading Leo Strauss: Politics, Philosophy, Judaism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226764023
eISBN:
9780226763903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226763903.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses the philosophical significance of politics in Strauss's view. The expression “political philosophy” has two distinct meanings: it can mean the philosophical examination of ... More


Calvinists, Arminians, Socinians: Popular Sovereignty and Natural Rights in Early Modern Political Thought

James Moore

in Philosophy, Rights and Natural Law: Essays in Honour of Knud Haakonssen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474449229
eISBN:
9781474460200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses upon natural rights in the writings of Hugo Grotius, the Levellers and John Locke and the manner in which their understanding of rights was informed by distinctive Protestant ... More


The Metaphysics of Dignity: Marriage in Kant and Fichte

in Uncivil Unions: The Metaphysics of Marriage in German Idealism and Romanticism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136936
eISBN:
9780226136950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136950.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the theories of marriage by Immanuel Kant and Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Fichte's account of sexuality and marriage in the Foundations of Natural Right drew on a long ... More


Translating Rights: The International Criminal Court, Translation, and the Human Status

J. Paul Narkunas

in Reified Life: Speculative Capital and the Ahuman Condition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780823280308
eISBN:
9780823281534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823280308.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes how English and French as the de jure languages of human rights at the International Criminal Court. As a result, populations who do not adhere to Western Enlightenment ... More


Human Rights in History

John Lechte and Saul Newman

in Agamben and the Politics of Human Rights: Statelessness, Images, Violence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748645725
eISBN:
9780748689163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645725.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

In this chapter, Human rights in the formal modern sense are seen to have really come into being with the 1948 United Nations Declaration. However, there is also a strong eighteenth-century precedent ... More


What is Natural Law Like?

Waldron Jeremy

in Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199675500
eISBN:
9780191757228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675500.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter analyses the theory of natural law. While acknowledging that John Finnis' work in Natural Law and Natural Rights is a valuable contribution to jurisprudence and practical philosophy, the ... More


WWLSD; or, What Would Leo Strauss Do?

in Reading Leo Strauss: Politics, Philosophy, Judaism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226764023
eISBN:
9780226763903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226763903.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

A central tenet of Strauss's political teaching is that the defense of liberal democracy is today the highest act of statesmanship. Strauss was deeply resistant to the kind of cosmopolitanism or ... More


White King, Black Cassock: Monarchy, Presbytery, and the Radical Propaganda Collective

David R. Como

in Radical Parliamentarians and the English Civil War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199541911
eISBN:
9780191779107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199541911.003.0014
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines ideological developments unfolding in the last months of the civil war. In particular, it examines the coalescence of a “propaganda collective,” centering on John Lilburne and ... More


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