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“A Vision of the Future”:: The New Museum Idea and Display Reform, 1890–1915

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

in Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Between the 1890s and the 1910s, a young generation of reformers inspired by a transnational movement known as “the New Museum Idea” agreed that natural history museums had a social responsibility to ... More


The Drama of the Diorama, 1910–1935

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

in Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Habitat dioramas proliferated in American natural history museums in the 1910s, 1920s, and early 1930s, transforming the social and political dynamics of museum halls. Initially, curators, ... More


Building Mr. Bell’s Museum

Sue Leaf

in A Love Affair with Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675647
eISBN:
9781452947457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675647.003.0014
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the birth of the Minnesota Natural History Museum. The museum at the zoology building was full due to the large dioramas. Unfortunately for Thomas Sandler Roberts, the state ... More


“Brightest Africa”: Carl Akeley and the American Museum’s Race to Bring Africa to America

Mary Anne Andrei

in Nature's Mirror: How Taxidermists Shaped America's Natural History Museums and Saved Endangered Species

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226730318
eISBN:
9780226730455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226730455.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1911, Carl Akeley assumed his new position as chief taxidermist of the American Museum of Natural History, where he hoped to bring together his improved method of taxidermy and his idea of ... More


Brussels: Fieldwork in a Metropolitan Museum

Raf de Bont

in Stations in the Field: A History of Place-Based Animal Research, 1870-1930

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226141879
eISBN:
9780226141909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226141909.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter challenges the assumption that the natural history museums of around 1900 were dusty, old-fashioned centers of accumulation and cataloguing. The chapter argues that, by setting up ... More


The Cardinal Hour

Sue Leaf

in A Love Affair with Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675647
eISBN:
9781452947457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675647.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the final years of Thomas Sadler Roberts, who held the post of director of the Minnesota Natural History Museum until his death. At nearly eighty-two, Roberts no longer moved ... More


Materials and Methods

Taisoo Park

in Taxonomy and Distribution of the Calanoid Copepod Family Heterorhabdidae

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098428
eISBN:
9780520916029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098428.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines specimens picked from the Isaacs–Kidd midwater trawl (IKMT) samples selected from the collections available at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). It notes that ... More


Staging Integration: Around the World with Dance and Song at the American Museum of Natural History, 1943–1952

Rebekah J. Kowal

in Dancing the World Smaller: Staging Globalism in Mid-Century America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190265311
eISBN:
9780190265359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190265311.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Dance, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Between 1943 and 1952, the American Museum of Natural History sponsored a dance program called Around the World with Dance and Song. Chapter 1 focuses on the history of this program as evidence of ... More


Explorers and Naturalists

Istvan Hargittai and Magdolna Hargittai

in New York Scientific: A Culture of Inquiry, Knowledge, and Learning

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198769873
eISBN:
9780191822681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769873.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Christopher Columbus has ample memorials in New York City. Giovanni da Verrazano, Henry Hudson, and other explorers also have their memorials. Explorers and naturalists have busts and statues in the ... More


Chris Humphries, Cladistics, and Connections

David M. Williams, Kåre Bremer, and Sandra Knapp

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

By way of introduction, this short piece describes a few subjects that attracted Chris Humphries's attention during his thirty-plus years as botanist and systematist. These include botanical ... More


Introduction

Tanya M. Peres

in Trends and Traditions in Southeastern Zooarchaeology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049274
eISBN:
9780813050102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049274.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

This introduction by Tanya M. Peres provides a synthesis of the historical foundations of zooarchaeology in the Southeast. Included in this synthesis are brief histories of the three founding centers ... More


Introduction

Scott MacDonald

in The Sublimity of Document: Cinema as Diorama (Avant-Doc 2)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190052126
eISBN:
9780190052164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052126.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The introduction creates a context for a wide range of avant-doc films (that is, films that work in the zone between conventional documentary and what has usually been called “avant-garde” ... More


High and Low Culture in L 'Emploi du temps

in Signs and Designs: Art and Architecture in the Work of Michel Butor

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237785
eISBN:
9781846314063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237785.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the roles and meanings of the prominent buildings and artworks of England in Michel Butor's novel L'Emploi du temps. It analyzes the sources and significance of the Old ... More


Epilogue

Sue Leaf

in A Love Affair with Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675647
eISBN:
9781452947457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675647.003.0016
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This epilogue discusses developments after the death of Thomas Sadler Roberts. Walter Breckenridge succeeded Roberts as director of the Museum of Natural History, and under his leadership the museum ... More


Rooted in Cladistics: Chris Humphries, Conservation—and Beyond?

Richard I. Vane-Wright

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The various contributions that Chris Humphries made to the biodiversity conservation movement during the early 1990s were literally and severally “rooted in cladistics.” Soon after finishing his PhD, ... More


Foreign Devils Begone

Justin M. Jacobs

in The Compensations of Plunder: How China Lost Its Treasures

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780226711966
eISBN:
9780226712154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712154.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter narrates the fates of two Western scholars who, unlike Sven Hedin, proved unwilling to share their archaeological proceeds or accept Chinese co-leaders into their expeditions in China. ... More


The Sublimity of Document: Cinema as Diorama

Scott MacDonald

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190052126
eISBN:
9780190052164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052126.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The Sublimity of Document: Cinema as Diorama (Avant-Doc 2) is an international collection of in-depth, substantive interviews with moving-image artists working “avant-doc,” that is, making films that ... More


Afterword: The Stone That Shattered the Barrier of Time

Clive Gamble

in Making Deep History: Zeal, Perseverance, and the Time Revolution of 1859

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198870692
eISBN:
9780191913327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870692.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

150 years after it was found the search began for the missing flint that was photographed and described on 27 April 1859. This chapter explores what other documentation was lost and, in particular, ... More


From Visual Memory to “Racial Soul”

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with the scientific thought of Henry Fairfield Osborn. It engages with his interpretation of the fossil record, his orthogenetic theories, as well as with his concepts of a visual ... More


Aphrodites of the Operating Theater: On La Specola’s Anatomical Venuses

Mark Dery

in I Must Not Think Bad Thoughts: Drive-by Essays on American Dread, American Dreams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677733
eISBN:
9781452948324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677733.003.0031
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses on the waxworks at La Specola, an eighteenth-century anatomical museum at the University of Florence in Italy. La Specola, which means mirror in Latin (the museum is housed in a ... More


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