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Political Parties in Costa Rica: Democratic Stability and Party System Change in a Latin American Context

John A. Booth

in Party Politics in New Democracies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199289653
eISBN:
9780191710964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Arising from the 1948 Costa Rican civil war, a multiparty system developed in Costa Rica under a social democratic National Liberation Party (PLN) that dominated the polity for decades. Small ... More


Rebirth of the Palestinian National Movement

Yezid Sayigh

in Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296430
eISBN:
9780191685224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296430.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Arab Nationalists Movement (ANM) and the Palestinian National Liberation Movement were the most influential of the many clandestine groups that emerged among the scattered Palestinian communities in ... More


The Vietnamese in America

Robert D. Schulzinger

in A Time for Peace: The Legacy of the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365924
eISBN:
9780199851966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365924.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the People's Liberation Armed Forces (PLAF) and National Liberation Front (NLF) fighters tightened their ring around Saigon in April 1975, tens of thousands of Vietnamese who had worked for the ... More


Chiapas: The Role of the Maya in the Worldview of the Zapatista Insurgency

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813040134
eISBN:
9780813043838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0020
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter examines some events leading up to the Chiapas insurgency and church's role in them. It examines the corruption of the Mexican government and its Partido Revolucionario Institucional. In ... More


Rural Violence and Urban Terror

Charles D. Ameringer

in The Socialist Impulse: Latin America in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033099
eISBN:
9780813038124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033099.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter discusses rural violence and urban terror, which were conducted in Havana in response to the government. The conflict arose between an older generation that promised socialism tomorrow ... More


Priest Under Fire: "Padre David Rodríguez, the Catholic Church, and El Salvador's Revolutionary Movement"

Peter M. Sánchez

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813061191
eISBN:
9780813051482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061191.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Priest Under Fire recounts the remarkable life story of a bold Salvadoran priest—Padre David Rodríguez—who in 1970 embraced the Catholic Church’s call to serve the poor and consequently became an ... More


In the Spirit of Papaflessas: The Relationship Between EAM and the Clergy During the Axis Occupation (1941–1944)

Panteleymon Anastasakis

in The Church of Greece under Axis Occupation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823261994
eISBN:
9780823266548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823261994.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The chapter discusses the complex relationship between the clergy and the communist-led resistance movement, the National Liberation Front (EAM). Specific attention is placed on the movement’s ... More


Another Cycle Unfolds

Neil L. Jamieson

in Understanding Vietnam

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520201576
eISBN:
9780520916586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520201576.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the National Liberation Front's (NLF) battle against U.S. forces in Vietnam. Despite heavy losses in the Tet offensive, the NLF was able to capitalize on new political ... More


Treading Cautiously, 1960

Pierre Asselin

in Hanoi's Road to the Vietnam War, 1954-1965

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276123
eISBN:
9780520956551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276123.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Judging conditions internationally and domestically unfavorable to escalation in the South, Hanoi exercised caution. But Hanoi’s refusal to involve the DRVN more deeply below the seventeenth parallel ... More


Law and Revolution in South Africa: uBuntu, Dignity, and the Struggle for Constitutional Transformation

Drucilla Cornell

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823257577
eISBN:
9780823261574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823257577.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book grapples with fundamental questions regarding what type of revolution took place in South Africa over a more than 50 year long struggle. Each chapter grapples with the questions related to ... More


‘Now We will all be Criminals’

Michael Hutt

in Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670608
eISBN:
9780199081806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter deals with the dissonant representations of the Lhotshampas' resistance to the new policies, and particularly the large unprecedented public political demonstrations that took place in ... More


São Paulo 1965–1971 and Montevideo 1963–1973

Anthony James Joes

in Urban Guerrilla Warfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124377
eISBN:
9780813134833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124377.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

When the armed forces took control of Brazil in 1964, they assumed a “moderator role,” allowing them to perform constitutional functions similar to the US Supreme Court. After the army removed the ... More


The Making of a Revolution in South Vietnam

Jessica M. Chapman

in Cauldron of Resistance: Ngo Dinh Diem, the United States, and 1950s Southern Vietnam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450617
eISBN:
9780801467417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450617.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how Ngo Dinh Diem's authoritarianism contributed to the rising discontent and indignation that culminated in a revolutionary movement against his government with the formation ... More


State Building during Escalation in Vietnam

Aaron Rapport

in Waging War, Planning Peace: U.S. Noncombat Operations and Major Wars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453588
eISBN:
9780801455643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453588.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter discusses the Johnson administration's emphasis on combat operations as the solution for the Vietnam War. As the communist insurgency in South Vietnam (RVN) intensified with the ... More


Introduction

Jessica M. Chapman

in Cauldron of Resistance: Ngo Dinh Diem, the United States, and 1950s Southern Vietnam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450617
eISBN:
9780801467417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450617.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book examines South Vietnamese politics during the tenure of Ngo Dinh Diem in the years 1953–1956. It looks at the activities of Ngo Dinh Diem's most prominent political rivals such as the Hoa ... More


"Stability, in Whatever Guise"

Joel Gordon

in Nasser's Blessed Movement: Egypt's Free Officers and the July RevolutionWith a New Introduction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789774167782
eISBN:
9781617978180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the rhetoric of the March crisis as well as the ideals proferred and the programs espoused by both sides. In the wake of the March crisis, the Command Council of the Revolution ... More


The EZLN and Indymedia: “One No, Many Yeses”

Todd Wolfson (ed.)

in Digital Rebellion: The Birth of the Cyber Left

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038846
eISBN:
9780252096808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038846.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In 1994, as the political and economic elite of the United States, Canada, and Mexico inaugurated the North American Free Trade Agreement, an army of masked guerillas from the Zapatista Army of ... More


The Rule of Chaos: The Polish Secret Police and the Aftermath of the Second World War

Molly Pucci

in Security Empire: The Secret Police in Communist Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300242577
eISBN:
9780300252347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300242577.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the history of Poland between 1945 and 1947. It examines the conflicts that emerged in the aftermath of the war, with a focus on the civil conflict between the ... More


On How to Tell a Revolution: Alsino y el cóndor

Robert Dash and Patricia Varas

in Storytelling in World Cinemas: Contexts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163378
eISBN:
9780231850254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163378.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses the film, Alsino y el condor (1982), by Miguel Littín, within the context of an encroaching US hegemony and the struggles of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in ... More


After Lemberg: The End of the End of Lwów and the Making of Lviv

Tarik Cyril Amar

in The Paradox of Ukrainian Lviv: A Borderland City between Stalinists, Nazis, and Nationalists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453915
eISBN:
9781501700842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453915.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the population exchange between Poland and Soviet Ukraine which happene from 1944 to around 1946/1947, during which Lviv became the central site of the expulsion of the Polish ... More


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