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Working with Men

Julia Bush

in Women Against the Vote: Female Anti-Suffragism in Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199248773
eISBN:
9780191714689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248773.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Despite its considerable achievements, the WNASL was handicapped by limited funding and lack of direct parliamentary influence. Meanwhile, the Men's League for Opposing Woman Suffrage, founded in ... More


The League Decides

Sarah D. Shields

in Fezzes in the River: Identity Politics and European Diplomacy in the Middle East on the Eve of World War II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393316
eISBN:
9780199894376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History, European Modern History

Angry protests met the announcement that the Sanjak would be detached from Syria, despite French mandatory officials’ efforts to present the agreement as a guarantee of the security of the ... More


The Negro Leagues

Robert Peterson

in Only the Ball Was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195076370
eISBN:
9780199853786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195076370.003.0034
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Negro leagues come and go, and three reasons seem to supply the answer: that the leagues are underfinanced, that they lack leadership in the beginning, and that they never achieved the stability or ... More


Roots of Protection: The National Consumers’ League and Progressive Reform

Nancy Woloch

in A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the context in which the Progressive campaign for protective laws arose, assessing reformers' rationales and the oppositions they faced. Passage of the 1893 Illinois law marked ... More


The National Negro Business League: A History and Analysis

Michael B. Boston

in The Business Strategy of Booker T. Washington: Its Development and Implementation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034737
eISBN:
9780813038193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034737.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter states that the National Negro Business League (NNLB) was another forum in which Booker T. Washington espoused his entrepreneurial ideas. His statements during the Negro Farmers' ... More


Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Susan D. Carle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This book uncovers the forgotten contributions of late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century national organizations—including the National Afro-American League, the National Afro-American ... More


“The Fight … to Make America Safe for Americans”: Memphis as a Political Model for the Region and the Country, 1917–1927

Elizabeth Gritter

in River of Hope: Black Politics and the Memphis Freedom Movement, 18651954

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813144504
eISBN:
9780813145150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813144504.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Black Memphians pressed for economic opportunities, civil rights, improved public services, political influence, and an end to lynching from 1917 to 1927. They expanded their activism into new ... More


The Beginnings (1946–48)

David George Surdam

in The Rise of the National Basketball Association

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037139
eISBN:
9780252094248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037139.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the origins of the BAA, which was fraught with disappointment and difficulties. The nascent BAA sought the two advantages of territorial rights and the reserve clause that other ... More


The Rivalry Begins: 1913

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the history of the rivalry between the Federal League and the American and National leagues and how it culminated in a legal battle. The Federal League of Professional Base Ball ... More


The Landis Case: January 1915

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the case of Federal League of Professional Base Ball Clubs v. National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, filed in January 1915 by the Federal League in federal district ... More


An Aborted Trial: February 1916 to June 1917

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore, Inc. v. National League of Professional Baseball Clubs and its dismissal, focusing on the period between February 1916 and June 1917. In the ... More


The National Afro-American League’s Founding and Law-Related Work, 1887–1895

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This chapter examines the extant evidence concerning the National Afro-American League's test case litigation and state legislative reform efforts and explores the political and legal perspectives of ... More


We Want More Baseball and Football 1959 and 1960

David George Surdam

in The Big Leagues Go to Washington: Congress and Sports Antitrust, 1951-1989

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039140
eISBN:
9780252097126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039140.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter focuses on the Congressional hearings conducted in 1959 and 1960 to address the issue of expansion and prospective new leagues. All of the league constitutions contained clauses ... More


Atlanta and New York City; Founding the National Urban League

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This chapter examines the relationship between local conditions and national organization building at the turn of the twentieth century in two major cities: Atlanta and New York City. It examines how ... More


A Fragile Partnership, 1948–1960

F. K. PROCHASKA

in Philanthropy and the Hospitals of London: The King's Fund, 1897-1990

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202660
eISBN:
9780191675478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202660.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The creation of the National Health Service pushed voluntarists to the periphery of the debate on health. The nationalization of the majority of ... More


The Long Wait: February 1915 to February 1916

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter focuses on Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis's delayed decision in Federal League of Professional Base Ball Clubs v. National League spanning the period February 1915 to February 1916. After ... More


The Reserve Clause

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the history of the reserve clause, a standard term in player contracts in Major League Baseball that effectively bound a player to his team for his entire career, and how it led ... More


. Vocational Training, Employment, and Job Placements, 1910–1932

Touré F. Reed

in Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832233
eISBN:
9781469605708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888544_reed.9
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes' (NLUCAN) vocational activities in New York, which attempted to impress upon Afro-Americans the opportunities afforded by ... More


The Baseball Trust

Stuart Banner

in The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the idea that baseball in the United States was an unlawful trust or monopoly. It begins by looking at the earliest antitrust attacks against baseball before turning to the ... More


The Opening Salvos: December 1913 to June 1914

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter focuses on the opening salvos in the legal battle between the Federal League and the American and National Leagues that lasted from December 1913 to June 1914. It all began on December ... More


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