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A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

With the opening of sea routes in the 15th century, groups of men and women left Portugal to establish themselves across the ports and cities of the Atlantic or Ocean Sea. They were refugees and ... More


Myths America Lives By: White Supremacy and the Stories That Give Us Meaning

Richard T. Hughes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042065
eISBN:
9780252050800
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042065.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The first edition of Myths America Lives By explores five Great American Myths—the Chosen Nation, Nature’s Nation, the Christian Nation, the Millennial Nation, and the Innocent Nation. This revised ... More


Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest

Andrew Needham

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139067
eISBN:
9781400852406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1940, Phoenix was a small, agricultural city of 65,000, and the Navajo Reservation was an open landscape of scattered sheepherders. Forty years later, Phoenix had blossomed into a metropolis of ... More


 Islam: A Truly American Religion?

Jane Idleman Smith

in Muslims, Christians, and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195307313
eISBN:
9780199867875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307313.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

American Muslims comprise the most diverse Islamic community that has ever existed. They are immigrants and American born, with more than 30 percent of their population African Americans. Most are ... More


The Strange Death of Unionist Scotland

Michael Keating

in The Independence of Scotland: Self-government and the Shifting Politics of Union

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199545957
eISBN:
9780191719967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545957.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Support for the old Union is falling in Scotland. This is part of a general restructuring of states in Europe, with the emergence and re-emergence of sub-state territories. The old territorial ... More


The American Jeremiad

Andrew R. Murphy

in Prodigal Nation: Moral Decline and Divine Punishment from New England to 9/11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195321289
eISBN:
9780199869855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321289.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter introduces the jeremiad, a form of political rhetoric that laments a degenerate present as compared to a virtuous past and calls the nation to reform and renewal. The chapter more ... More


Mapping the Contours of Political Solidarity

Juliet Hooker

in Race and the Politics of Solidarity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335361
eISBN:
9780199868995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335361.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter sketches the concepts of political solidarity and racialized solidarity. Contemporary political theorists have questioned the nature, scope, and basis of political solidarity: Is it ... More


Holy Wars and Holy Alliance: The Return of Religion to the Global Political Stage

Manlio Graziano

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231174626
eISBN:
9780231543910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174626.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religions are reemerging in the social, political, and economic spheres previously occupied and dominated by secular institutions and ideologies. In the wake of crises exposing the limits of secular ... More


A Sacred City

Zain Abdullah

in Black Mecca: The African Muslims of Harlem

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314250
eISBN:
9780199871797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314250.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

For more than twenty years, West African Muslims from the Muridiyya order, a Sufi brotherhood based in Senegal, have organized the annual Cheikh Amadou Bamba Day parade in New York City. It is a ... More


A Question of Identity: Iberian Conversos in Historical Perspective

Renee Levine Melammed

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195170719
eISBN:
9780199835416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195170717.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The riots of 1391 in Spain triggered a series of developments that would change the course of Jewish history as well as of Spanish history. Spanish society was not willing to accept the large group ... More


Ocean, Empire, Nation

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the story of the Portuguese Nation. The history of the Portuguese Nation reveals a community that made the Ocean Sea its home, and the maritime ... More


Portuguese Nation and Spanish Empire in the Sixteenth Century

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter shows how the transition into the early modern period for the Portuguese was carried by a process of overseas extension—into the Atlantic basin and then into the Indian Ocean and seas of ... More


Settling Upon the Seas: A Maritime Community in Movement and Formation

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter considers the place of merchants and trade in the organization and life of the Portuguese Nation. Merchants played a key role in both the movement of members and the general ordering of ... More


“Cada Casa, Un Mundo”: The Domestic Foundations of a Trading Community

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the inner dynamics of the Portuguese merchant houses and the worlds they contained. The members of Portuguese merchant houses maintained tight and lasting bonds among themselves ... More


A Vast Machine: The Nation’s Atlantic Trading Networks

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter shows how the commercial and financial networks of the Portuguese Nation provided the organizational framework for both its expansion across the markets of the Atlantic and its growing ... More


Representing the Market: From Day-to-Day Experience to the Literature of Commercial Reform

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses how leading members of the Nation entrenched themselves within the life of the royal court in Madrid. They allied themselves to key members of the aristocracy, including the ... More


The Nation Unraveled

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter relates the story of the Nation and the empire from the early 17th century to the restoration of the kingdom of Portugal's political sovereignty in 1640. It tracks the critiques and ... More


Epilogue

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert

in A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195175691
eISBN:
9780199872060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the aftermath of the unraveling of the core transatlantic networks of the Portuguese Nation. The end of the Nation engendered the beginning of new communities, each following ... More


Solidarity in the African American Experience: Churches and the Nation of Islam

Paul D. Numrich

in The Faith Next Door: American Christians and Their New Religious Neighbors

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195386219
eISBN:
9780199866731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386219.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter features African American pastors who work with Minister Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam to address pressing social issues in the African American community, such as voting, ... More


Public Constructions of Authorship in Grass's Political Writings, 1965–2005

Rebecca Braun

in Constructing Authorship in the Work of Günter Grass

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199542703
eISBN:
9780191715372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542703.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries)

The guiding premise of this chapter is that, over the course of his career, Grass has had to negotiate various public constructions of his identity, and the way in which he has done so reveals much ... More


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