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Equality and Responsibility

Christopher Lake

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

These days, arguments about distributive justice—i.e. arguments about who should get what—often centre around two ideas. One is that goods should be distributed equally. The other is that how people ... More


Introduction

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter outlines the empirical context of the debate over reparations for historic international injustice, with particular reference to colonialism and the slave trade. It ... More


 Q & A

Lenn E. Goodman

in Love Thy Neighbour As Thyself

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328820
eISBN:
9780199870172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328820.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Christine Korsgaard surveys several ways of warranting ethics (Hobbes, Puffendorff, Moore, Ross, Nagel, Hutcheson, Hume, Mill, Williams). She chooses a neo‐Kantian approach. But Goodman finds her ... More


Motivation and Desires

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 3 focuses on motivation in action with a view to answering the question what our reasons for action –what are called ‘motivating reasons’—are. After a discussion of motives, the focus moves ... More


Stepping Out: Playback and Inversion

Robert Kraut

in Artworld Metaphysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228126
eISBN:
9780191711053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228126.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The imagery of stepping out of a discourse and surveying it (without distortion) from an external perspective is familiar but problematic. It is not clear where we stand in conducting such surveys, ... More


Global Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter builds on the luck egalitarian ideal defended in Part II, arguing that since equality matters independently of the ideal of democracy, it potentially applies outside the confines of the ... More


Clarifications and Responses to Objections

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter responds to a variety of objections, including the following: that the account is not really consequentialist; that it gives too much priority to states as the guarantors of human ... More


Moral Knowledge: Pure Reason and the Law

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 2 focuses on moral knowledge and examines the epistemic component of autonomy that supports a cognitivist, objectivist, and Kantian realist interpretation of right. The argument is set up ... More


Moral Action: Motivation, Normativity, and Autonomous Willing

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 3 focuses on moral action and its conditions. It fulfils both a negative and a positive task. The negative task consists in contextualizing the questions of moral psychology, which have ... More


Why Is Death Bad?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines the question of why death is bad: is it bad for the person who dies, and, if so, why? The question of what the scientific criteria should be for the person who dies is dealt with later in ... More


Reason, Absurdity, and Anti-Semitism in the believer

Tom Martin

in Ethics at the Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195320398
eISBN:
9780199869534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320398.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The aim of this essay is to account for the anti-Semitism harboured and expressed by Danny Balint, the main character in Henry Bean’s film, The Believer. I begin by considering two kinds of ... More


Selves and Situations

Peter Robinson

in Twentieth Century Poetry: Selves and Situations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273256
eISBN:
9780191706370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273256.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter outlines aspects of the book's subject by considering the call by the philosopher Thomas Nagel to consider not ‘How should we live, whatever the circumstances?’ but ‘Under what ... More


Darwinian Tensions

Anthony O'Hear

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

There are conceptual tensions in Darwin's own writings on natural selection. It is not clear how far his reading of the theory still has teleological overtones or presupposes a direction of evolution ... More


Commitment, Illusion, and Truth

Galen Strawson

in Freedom and Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247493
eISBN:
9780191594830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247493.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Can we allow a sense in which we are genuinely radically free ‘practically speaking’, even if there is also a sense in which freedom is impossible from an objective, theoretical point of view? Might ... More


Ambitious Vindication

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An ambitious vindication of morality – an argument beginning from premises that an Egoist will accept that Egoism is false – is the Holy Grail of moral philosophy. This chapter discusses some recent ... More


Impartial Evaluation and Rational Authority

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The arguments in the first half of this chapter demonstrate that an account of moral standards based upon an interpersonal conception of impartiality, in stark contrast with its impersonal ... More


Davidson and Idealism

Adrian Haddock

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses two charges to the effect that Davidson’s argument against the possibility of radically different conceptual schemes would establish some form of idealism if it was sound. The ... More


Death and Deprivation

James Warren

in Facing Death: Epicurus and his Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199252893
eISBN:
9780191601408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252890.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

An examination of a central Epicurean argument, summarised in Kyria Doxa 2 but also used by Lucretius: death is not to be feared (a) since the dead cannot perceive they therefore cannot be harmed and ... More


PRUDENCE: MAXIMIZATION OR IDEALISM?

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that in the realm of prudence, we are not rationally required to maximize the desire-fulfilment of our lives. It is not irrational to adopt ideals, such as the rationalist ideal ... More


7. Virtuous Consequentialism

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

A summary chapter that draws together the earlier strands of argument to expound and defend virtuous consequentialism. This approach more accurately captures the nature of moral reasoning than other ... More


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