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Bykivnia: how grave robbers, activists, and foreigners ended official silence about stalin’s mass graves near Kiev

Karel C. Berkhoff

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The chapter will show how both the Soviet authorities and the leaders of independent Ukraine attempted to block real investigation and commemoration at the hamlet of Bykivnia, where the NKVD buried ... More


State secrets and concealed bodies: exhumations of soviet-era victims in contemporary Russia1

Viacheslav Bitiutckii

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This paper discusses the search for, exhumation and identification of the remains of victims of mass political repression during the Stalinist Great Terror (1937-1938) in the USSR, concentrating on ... More


Cultural Diplomacy of a New Type

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199794577
eISBN:
9780199932245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes how the Soviet approach to foreign visitors crystallized during a particular conjuncture in the early 1920s. As the first significant influx of “bourgeois” foreigners, including ... More


Gorky’s Gulag

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199794577
eISBN:
9780199932245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter establishes how the writer Maxim Gorky's return to the Soviet Union from European exile in 1928 to become a chief architect of Stalinist culture was a watershed in the history of the ... More


Burnt by the Sun: The Koreans of the Russian Far East

Jon K. Chang

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824856786
eISBN:
9780824872205
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This study focuses on two primary arguments. First, it demonstrates how the Koreans of the Russian Far East were continually viewed as a problematic or maligned nationality during the Tsarist and ... More


Concert for the Cheka

Maya Plisetskaya

in I, Maya Plisetskaya

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088571
eISBN:
9780300130713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088571.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Dance

In this chapter, Maya Plisetskaya recalls the time she met and became friends with Miliza Korjus, her childhood idol, at the backstage of the Shriner Auditorium in Los Angeles in 1966. Miliza was not ... More


Security Concerns Trumping Korenizatsiia, 1931–1937

Jon K. Chang

in Burnt by the Sun: The Koreans of the Russian Far East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824856786
eISBN:
9780824872205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 6 covers the period 1931–1937. In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria. This greatly increased Soviet fears of invasion and espionage being carried out in the Russian Far East. At the same time, ... More


The Great Fear: Stalin's Terror of the 1930s

James Harris

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199695768
eISBN:
9780191778971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695768.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Between the winter of 1936 and the autumn of 1938, approximately three-quarters of a million Soviet citizens were subject to summary execution. More than a million others were sentenced to lengthy ... More


‘Mass Operations’ under Lenin and Stalin *

Paul Hagenloh

in The Anatomy of Terror: Political Violence under Stalin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199655663
eISBN:
9780191757518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655663.003.0010
Subject:
History, Political History, Social History

This chapter examines the centrality of violence—military, police, interpersonal—in the creation of the Soviet administrative system in its formative years; it then traces the connections between ... More


Terror and Soviet Legality: Police vs Judiciary, 1933–1940

Gábor T. Rittersporn

in The Anatomy of Terror: Political Violence under Stalin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199655663
eISBN:
9780191757518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655663.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History, Social History

Soviet criminal policy of the mid-1930s shows that the Great Terror of 1937–8 was not a minutely planned operation. It was part of a penal strategy that oscillated between attempts to institute legal ... More


TRIPLEX: Secrets from the Cambridge Spies

Nigel West and Oleg Tsarev (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300123470
eISBN:
9780300156416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300123470.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book reveals more clearly than ever the precise nature and extent of the damage done to the much-vaunted British intelligence establishment during World War II by the notorious “Cambridge Five” ... More


British Deception Schemes, May 1944

Nige West and Oleg Tsarev

in TRIPLEX: Secrets from the Cambridge Spies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300123470
eISBN:
9780300156416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300123470.003.0037
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on a report regarding the British deception schemes. The report aimed to give a brief description of the structure of the British deception agencies and their work based on the ... More


Ranks of the Chekist Elite

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which examines the characteristics of the ranks of the Soviet Union's People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) under the regime of Joseph Stalin, suggests that state security ... More


Organizing State Security

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the evolution of the structure of state security agencies in the Soviet Union. These include the Emergency Commission, the Joint State Political Directorate (OGPU), the People's ... More


Deadly Kremlin Politics

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the succession struggles and the role of state security following the death of Soviet Union dictators Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin. It explains that although the Joint State ... More


The Repressors' Dilemma

Paul R. Gregory

in Terror by Quota: State Security from Lenin to Stalin (an Archival Study)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134254
eISBN:
9780300152784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134254.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the decision making for the terror campaign in the Soviet Union during the period 1937–38, focusing on the role of the Peoples Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) head and ... More


Social and Ethnic Cleansing: The Mass Operations, 1937–1938

David R. Shearer and Vladimir Khaustov

in Stalin and the Lubianka: A Documentary History of the Political Police and Security Organs in the Soviet Union, 1922-1953

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300171891
eISBN:
9780300210712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300171891.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the various mechanisms and phases of the social and the nationality operations in Stalinist Russia. The “mass operations” of 1937 and 1938 under order 00447 are described. The ... More


The Security Organs at War 1939—1944

David R. Shearer and Vladimir Khaustov

in Stalin and the Lubianka: A Documentary History of the Political Police and Security Organs in the Soviet Union, 1922-1953

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300171891
eISBN:
9780300210712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300171891.003.0008
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses the activities of the security police during the Second World War. It describes the mass deportations of different nationalities and the notorious murder of Polish military ... More


“Humint” by Default and the Problem of Trust: Soviet intelligence, 1917–1941

Jonathan Haslam

in Secret Intelligence in the European States System, 1918-1989

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804783590
eISBN:
9780804788915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783590.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In this chapter, Jonathan Haslam demonstrates that in Stalin’s Russia, the vision of intelligence grew out of very recent revolutionary experience and operations against the counterrevolution. These ... More


Spymania

Sarah Davies and James Harris

in Stalin's World: Dictating the Soviet Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300182811
eISBN:
9780300184723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300182811.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The Bolsheviks survived the civil war and secured the revolution, but they never felt secure from their enemies. This chapter traces the development of the systems by which information on enemies was ... More


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