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Joining the Government: ‘Because I Dared to Be Black’

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

King analyses the difficulties facing Black Americans attempting to join the civil service and the inadequacy of the US Civil Service Commission's monitoring of both recruitment and promotion. He ... More


The Federal Government in a Segregated Society: Public Employment Exchanges and Housing Programmes

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

King examines how interventions of the American federal government—namely, the United States Employment Service (USES), federal mortgage assistance, and public housing programmes—mirrored the ... More


“We of the North were thoroughly wrong”: How Racial Alliances Mobilized Ideas and Law

Desmond S. King and Rogers M. Smith

in Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142630
eISBN:
9781400839766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142630.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter talks about the complex patterns of racial alliances that emerged during the Jim Crow era. It shows that, shaped by the interactions of a wide range of groups, the patterns and practices ... More


MARYLAND, MY MARYLAND

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0037
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Although the end of Prohibition has brought about one civil liberty, many individual rights were still being trampled — namely, those of the American Negro. Throughout the 1930s, the Ku Klux Klan ... More


Narrating Decline and Erasing Race

Bryant Simon

in Boardwalk of Dreams: Atlantic City and the Fate of Urban America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167535
eISBN:
9780199789016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167535.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

By the 1970s, Atlantic City had become almost a parody of the American Dream. The city's neighborhoods were now made up of cracked sidewalks, houses desperate for new paint, and storefronts ... More


Founding the NAACP: Building the Organization, 1908–1915

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This chapter tells the story of the NAACP's founding in a new way: by tracing the many bridges from past to future that the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century racial justice leaders ... More


Building the NAACP’s Legal Agenda, 1910–1915

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This chapter traces the birth of the NAACP's law-focused agenda. It analyzes its earliest criminal defense cases, the beginning of its first national legal committee, and its adoption of a test case ... More


Movement Building during the World War II Era: The NAACP’s Legal Insurgency in the South

Patricia Sullivan

in Fog of War: The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382419
eISBN:
9780199932641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382419.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter chronicles the ways in which NAACP officers tried to harness wartime militancy in the South. The NAACP achieved some notable successes, but experienced just as many frustrations. ... More


“Means and Methods”: J. P. Coleman Limits Brown in Mississippi

Anders Walker

in The Ghost of Jim Crow: How Southern Moderates Used Brown v Board of Education to Stall the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195181746
eISBN:
9780199870660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181746.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on J. P. Coleman's response to Brown in Mississippi. Specifically, his struggle with Roy Wilkins, director of the NAACP, to project a positive image of the state and to thwart ... More


Klan Recruitment in North Carolina Counties

David Cunningham

in Klansville, U.S.A.: The Rise and Fall of the Civil Rights-Era Ku Klux Klan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199752027
eISBN:
9780199979431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199752027.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter focuses on the Ku Klux Klan's uneven presence across North Carolina counties, and explains how the significant variation in Klan presence related to the patterning of racial competition ... More


The Search for Justice: Lawyers in the Civil Rights Revolution, 1950-1975

Peter Charles Hoffer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226614281
eISBN:
9780226614458
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226614458.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The Search for Justice is a study of the role of lawyers in the Civil Rights Revolution. The work focuses on school desegregation from 1950 to 1975 and includes counsel on both sides of the struggle ... More


New Crusades for Justice “Do the work that the others refuse”

Linda O. McMurry

in To Keep the Waters Troubled: The Life of Ida B. Wells

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139273
eISBN:
9780199848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139273.003.0015
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses Wells-Barnett's activism in 1910. Failing to find an adequate institutional base for her crusade, she began creating her own vehicles for activism. She continued to fight ... More


In the Spirit of Niagara

Gary Dorrien

in The New Abolition: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Black Social Gospel

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300205602
eISBN:
9780300216332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205602.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The civil rights movement began in 1884 with a call for what became the National Afro-American League; it had a brilliant movement of hope in the Niagara Movement of 1905 to 1909; it entered a second ... More


New Abolition Bishops

Gary Dorrien

in The New Abolition: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Black Social Gospel

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300205602
eISBN:
9780300216332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205602.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Reverdy C. Ransom and Alexander Walters were prominent founders of the black social gospel, alike in eloquence, influence, productivity, protest militancy, and rising to bishop’s chairs respectively ... More


The Last Phoenix: Conflicting Legacies, 1890–2007

Edmund L. Drago

in Confederate Phoenix: Rebel Children and Their Families in South Carolina

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229376
eISBN:
9780823234912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229376.003.0012
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter discusses the two conflicting legacies of Civil War and Reconstruction which competed for hegemony in South Carolina after the 1890s. The present conflict evolved out of the triumph of ... More


B. F. Bourn, Storekeeper and Freedom Fighter

Gordon A. Martin

in Count Them One by One: Black Mississippians Fighting for the Right to Vote

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737899
eISBN:
9781604737905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737899.003.0015
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on another government witness, Benjamin Franklin “B. F.” Bourn, who ran the grocery and meat market in the heart of black Hattiesburg. In 1946 he helped establish Forrest ... More


The Leader, Vernon Dahmer

Gordon A. Martin

in Count Them One by One: Black Mississippians Fighting for the Right to Vote

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737899
eISBN:
9781604737905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737899.003.0018
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on government witness Vernon Dahmer, who served as president of Forrest County’s tiny, furtive, but durable NAACP chapter until the year before his death. Dahmer was also a ... More


Julius Chambers: A Life in the Legal Struggle for Civil Rights

Richard A. Rosen and Joseph Mosnier

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469628547
eISBN:
9781469628561
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628547.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Born in the hamlet of Mount Gilead, North Carolina, Julius Chambers (1936–2013) escaped the fetters of the Jim Crow South to emerge in the 1960s and 1970s as the nation’s leading African American ... More


Myrlie Evers: November 26, 1963, Freedom House Award Ceremony, New York, New York

Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

in Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731071
eISBN:
9781604737608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.003.0029
Subject:
History, African-American History

Born on March 17, 1933, in Vicksburg, Mississippi, Myrlie Beasley Evers was a civil rights activist like her husband, Medgar Evers. In 1954, the couple moved to the state capital of Jackson, where ... More


Racial Privacy

Anita L. Allen

in Unpopular Privacy: What Must We Hide?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195141375
eISBN:
9780199918126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141375.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, General

This chapter defends a sceptical perspective on “racial privacy,’ and explores the grounds policymakers can and should rely on for declining to coerce a form of arguably sensitive data. Informational ... More


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