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Supporting Sources

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter studies literary sources that are critical for understanding the extant parts of the Muziris papyrus texts and for reconstructing those parts that are lost. Written several generations ... More


Dramatis Personae

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This concluding chapter identifies the two co-signatories of the loan contract. The manager of the department charged with levying customs duties on Indian commodities (paralemptes) was also the ... More


Deadline and Whereabouts

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the time and place of the execution of the recto text of the Muziris papyrus, which is a loan contract signed by a single borrower and a single lender. In the extant column of ... More


Maris Rubri Vectigal

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the Red Sea tax. The double (import to and export from Egypt) customs duties on Indian commodities referred to by Strabo and the ‘Red Sea tax’ (maris Rubri vectigal) mentioned ... More


Introduction and Synopsis

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the two texts of the Muziris papyrus. The publication of the Muziris papyrus texts—and the slow, tedious process of their interpretation and ... More


The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Federico De Romanis

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This book offers an interpretation of the two fragmentary texts of the P. Vindobonensis G 40822, now widely referred to as the Muziris papyrus. Without these two texts, there would be no knowledge of ... More


Sources and Historiography

Rajan Gurukkal

in Rethinking Classical Indo-Roman Trade: Political Economy of Eastern Mediterranean Exchange Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199460854
eISBN:
9780199086382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460854.003.0002
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter is a detailed review of the source material and historiography. It involves discussion of the different categories of the source material such as the archaeological that consists of the ... More


Loan and Logistics

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores the loans that were carried across the sea, but not at the creditor’s risk, and the loans that were carried only in part or not carried at all across the sea. The loan of the ... More


Epilogue

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0018
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

The epilogue summarizes what the two texts of the Muziris papyrus tell us about the pepper and ivory production of the ancient Cēra kingdom, South Indian commercial connections with the Ganges ... More


Selling and Repaying

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter addresses the question of how a borrower actually repaid his debt—not only on the subject of the Muziris papyrus contract, but also, more generally, on the mechanisms of maritime credit ... More


Three Minor Cargoes

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter assesses the last three lines of col. iii of the Muziris papyrus verso text, which evaluates the three-quarter portions of the items imported by a ship named the Hermapollon. The ... More


Contrasts

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines three pertinent comparisons arising from the reconstruction of the Hermapollon’s cargo. The first concerns the size of the ships involved in the pepper trade and its ... More


Bridging Disconnected Seas

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter is a review of how the challenges to the interchange between the Mediterranean and Red Seas were met during Antiquity. Over the centuries, the need to overcome the logistical problems ... More


Riding the Monsoons

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the trade model reflected in the Muziris papyrus, contrasting its peculiarities with those of other trade patterns between Egypt and the west coast of India. The history of ... More


The Other Cargo Items

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses col. ii of the Muziris papyrus verso text. Apart from the almost fully preserved third column, the Muziris papyrus also retains the ends of most of the lines of verso col. ii. ... More


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