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The Mughal Empire

Rajeev Kinra

in The Oxford World History of Empire: Volume Two: The History of Empires

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197532768
eISBN:
9780197532799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197532768.003.0027
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

From its establishment in 1526 by Zahir al-Din Muhammad Babur, the Mughal Empire would grow over roughly the next two centuries into one of the largest, most populous, and most influential states of ... More


 A Long and Winding Tail: Hanuman in History and Historiography

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

While surveying textual sources, iconography, and other historical evidence for the development of Hanuman's popular cult, this chapter also interrogates the explanatory narratives that have been ... More


The Obligations of Power

William Bain

in Between Anarchy and Society: Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199260263
eISBN:
9780191600975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260265.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The idea of trusteeship in international society originates in late 18th century British India. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the emergence of trusteeship as a justification of political ... More


War and its Transformations: India 1754–1765

P. J. MARSHALL

in The Making and Unmaking of Empires: Britain, India, and America c.1750-1783

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226665
eISBN:
9780191706813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226665.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

Anglo-French worldwide rivalry extended to India, where both nations traded through their East India companies. This rivalry, which had led to almost continuous warfare since the 1740s, merged into ... More


Introduction

Muzahpar Alam

in The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh and Punjab, 1707-48

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198077411
eISBN:
9780199082384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077411.003.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This introductory chapter begins by taking into account the historiographical trends in the study of the Mughal empire during the late seventeenth and eighteenth century period. The question is posed ... More


Introduction

Kumkum Chatterjee

in The Cultures of History in Early Modern India: Persianization and Mughal Culture in Bengal

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195698800
eISBN:
9780199080243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195698800.003.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This introductory chapter outlines the core theme of the book, which involves an exploration of the cultures of history writing in early modern Bengal. The seventeenth, eighteenth, and the first ... More


Mughal Empire and Warfare in Afghanistan: 1500–1810

Kaushik Roy

in War and Society in Afghanistan: From the Mughals to the Americans, 1500–2013

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198099109
eISBN:
9780199085286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099109.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Mughal intervention in Afghanistan started with the Chaghtai Turkish warlord named Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur. Babur mainly faced rural insurgencies. Afghanistan even today is a land of small ... More


Mughal Palace Women

Ruby Lal

in Servants of the Dynasty: Palace Women in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254435
eISBN:
9780520941519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254435.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

Abu-l Fazl (1551–1602), the imperial chronicler for Akbar the Great (1556–1605), recorded the regulations regarding the Mughal haram. The term haram came to be the most common description of the ... More


“Great Warrs Leave Behind them Long Tales”: Crisis and Response in Asia after 1688

Philip J. Stern

in The Company-State: Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern Foundations of the British Empire in India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393736
eISBN:
9780199896837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393736.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter traces the development of East India Company’s colonial system in the 1690s. It argues that, despite serious setbacks, including the invasion and occupation of Bombay by Mughal-allied ... More


Breakdown of Imperial Organization

Muzahpar Alam

in The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh and Punjab, 1707-48

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198077411
eISBN:
9780199082384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077411.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter outlines developments in and around the centre in the post-Aurangzeb period to set the scene for discussing the problems of imperial power, political formations in the regions and the ... More


The Zamindars, the Madad-i Ma‘ash Holders and Mughal Administration in Awadh c. 1707–1722

Muzahpar Alam

in The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh and Punjab, 1707-48

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198077411
eISBN:
9780199082384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077411.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter focuses on the inability of the Mughal empire to resolve and coordinate with local interests—the factors which had made the empire significant in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. ... More


Mughal Power, the Sikhs and Other Local Groups in the Punjab

Muzahpar Alam

in The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh and Punjab, 1707-48

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198077411
eISBN:
9780199082384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077411.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter focuses on the regional administration problems encountered by the Mughals in Punjab during 1707-15. A major failure of the Mughals in the region was their inability to deal with the ... More


The Double Eclipse: François Bernier's Geography of Knowledge

Nicholas Dew

in Orientalism in Louis XIV's France

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199234844
eISBN:
9780191715716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234844.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

François Bernier (1620–1688) is known to historians of philosophy as a populariser of Gassendi (his former teacher), and to historians of India as a traveller to the Mughal empire who wrote one of ... More


Culture of Encounters: Sanskrit at the Mughal Court

Audrey. Truschke

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231173629
eISBN:
9780231540971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231173629.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

Culture of Encounters documents the fascinating exchange between the Persian-speaking Islamic elite of the Mughal Empire and traditional Sanskrit scholars, which engendered a dynamic idea of Mughal ... More


The Imperial Court, the New Subadars and the Region

Muzahpar Alam

in The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh and Punjab, 1707-48

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198077411
eISBN:
9780199082384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077411.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter focuses on the changing relationships between provincial governors and the Mughal court. In Awadh, new subadar was involved in court politics in an attempt to reinforce his ... More


Conflict and Change in the Cities, 1800–57

C. A. Bayly

in Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion 1770-1870

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077466
eISBN:
9780199081110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077466.003.0023
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter discusses some aspects of urban society which provided a background to all these conflicts, specifically rapid population movement and poverty. It explains that relationship between ... More


The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh and Punjab, 1707-48

Muzaffar Alam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198077411
eISBN:
9780199082384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077411.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

The period following the death of Aurangzeb has been viewed as the beginning of the decline and decay of the Mughal empire. Examining two contrasting regions of north India — Awadh and Punjab — this ... More


Conclusion

Muzahpar Alam

in The Crisis of Empire in Mughal North India: Awadh and Punjab, 1707-48

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198077411
eISBN:
9780199082384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077411.003.0009
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses the final phase of the decline of the Mughal empire in the eighteenth century. It argues that this decline was manifested in Awadh and Punjab in a kind of political ... More


The Ottoman Empire and Hindustan

Burak Akçapar

in People's Mission to the Ottoman Empire: M. A. Ansari and the Indian Medical Mission, 1912-13

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198099574
eISBN:
9780199084609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099574.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 3 makes the point that neither ethnic linkages nor geostrategicinterests were sufficient for strong cooperation in the history of the long relationship between the Ottoman and Mughal ... More


The Deccan Frontier and Mughal Expansion, Circa 1600

Muzaffar Alam and Sanjay Subrahmanyam

in Writing the Mughal World: Studies on Culture and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158114
eISBN:
9780231527903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158114.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter explores the history of the management of the Deccan frontier of the Mughals in the late sixteenth century. In order to comprehend the nature of this frontier, we must bear in mind a ... More


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