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Understanding Behavior Change: The Theory Behind Informing, Motivating, and Planning for Health

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical models that have guided thinking and research on health behavior change, providing a historical perspective on major developments in the field. Included in this ... More


Morality and Religion

Linda Zagzebski

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Almost all religions contain a code of morality, and in spite of the factthat there are moral codes and philosophies that do not rely upon anyreligion, it has been traditionally argued that there are ... More


Mohism and Motivation

Chris Fraser

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The purpose of this chapter is to elucidate the Mohist view of motivation and to defend it against this criticism. It shows that, in fact, the Mòzǐ presents a rich, nuanced picture of a variety of ... More


Effective HIV Prevention in Schools

Laura Hopson

in The School Practitioner’s Concise Companion to Health and Well Being

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195370591
eISBN:
9780199893508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370591.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS among adolescents and young adults indicates a great need to reduce sexual risk behaviors among American youth. This chapter discusses evidence-based HIV prevention ... More


A History of the Greek Resistance in the Second World War: The People's Armies

Spyros Tsoutsoumpis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784992514
eISBN:
9781526115140
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992514.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The book is the first systematic study of the ‘People’s Armies’ of ELAS and EDES during the occupation. Previous studies have either neglected the study of the guerrilla armies altogether or focused ... More


Why be an Internalist about Reasons? 1

Julia Markovits

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Most internalists about practical reasons are drawn to internalism because they favor ethical naturalism or are persuaded of the Humean theory of motivation and think normative judgments necessarily ... More


Gamer motivation profiling: uses and applications

Nick Yee and Nicolas Ducheneaut

in Games User Research

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794844
eISBN:
9780191836336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794844.003.0028
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

Gamers are not a monolithic group; gaming preferences and motivations vary in important ways among gamers. An empirical, validated model of gaming motivations provides a crucial methodological bridge ... More


Humean Nature: How desire explains action, thought, and feeling

Neil Sinhababu

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198783893
eISBN:
9780191826542
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783893.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book defends the Humean Theory of Motivation, according to which desire drives all human action and practical reasoning. In addition to motivating action, desire causes pleasant and unpleasant ... More


Plotting Their Course

Debbie Z. Harwell

in Wednesdays in Mississippi: Proper Ladies Working for Radical Change, Freedom Summer 1964

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781628460957
eISBN:
9781626740556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628460957.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter Three details how Dorothy Height and Polly Cowan organized and implemented their plan to consciously exploit the team members’ gender, age, and class to effect change. Having realized from ... More


Why Give Away Your Wealth? An Analysis of the Billionaires’ View

Jana Sadeh, Mirco Tonin, and Michael Vlassopoulos

in Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035651
eISBN:
9780262337915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

We explore what motivates the philanthropic activity of extremely wealthy individuals and families. We focus on a recent large-scale philanthropic initiative by billionaires, the Giving Pledge, a ... More


Incentive Salience in Addiction and Over-Consumption

Michael J. F. Robinson, Terry E. Robinson, and Kent C. Berridge

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Incentive salience (‘wanting’) normally provides an ‘oomph’ that spurs attention to and motivation for objects of desire. But when amplified excessively by brain mesolimbic sensitization, a set of ... More


Facilitation

R. David Lankes

in The New Librarianship Field Guide

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262529082
eISBN:
9780262334600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529082.003.0005
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

Librarians facilitate knowledge creation through access, knowledge, environment, and motivation. The chapter covers each of these means, based on different digital divides in learning, and shows how ... More


Challenge, Threat, and Social Influence in Digital Immersive Virtual Environments

Jim Blascovich

in Social Emotions in Nature and Artifact

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195387643
eISBN:
9780199369195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387643.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

How do we know when people are immersed in virtual reality? Can such immersion be assessed implicitly? This chapter explores the integration of two independently developed theoretical models relevant ... More


What Desires Are Not

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Desires are neither essentially motivational states nor essentially emotional states. Habits and other phenomena show that motivation can exist without desire; thought experiments, such as Galen ... More


What Desires Are

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To intrinsically desire that P is to be in a state that is both a natural kind and that causes the effects (motivational, emotional, and cognitive) associated with intrinsically desiring that P, ... More


Addiction and Blameworthiness

Timothy Schroeder and Nomy Arpaly

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

In a series of publications, we have advanced the idea that people are blameworthy for acting badly in either of two ways: acting on a desire for the wrong or bad, or acting in a way that expresses a ... More


Visionary Leadership: Henry H. “Hap” Arnold

François Le Roy and Drew Perkins

in The Art of Command: Military Leadership from George Washington to Colin Powell

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174723
eISBN:
9780813174778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174723.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

Visionary leaders craft clear and compelling visions that motivate followers through a shared sense of direction. Unlike institutional leaders, who draw on managerial and administrative skills, ... More


The construction of a governing corps

Christopher Prior

in Exporting empire: Africa, colonial officials and the construction of the British imperial state, c.1900−39

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719083686
eISBN:
9781781704998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083686.003.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter considers what motivated young men to become colonial officials. Historians have tended to argue that a desire for adventure and a sense of imperial duty, partly instilled by public ... More


Patriots and scoundrels: motivation and recruitment in the People’s Armies

Spyros Tsoutsoumpis

in A History of the Greek Resistance in the Second World War: The People's Armies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784992514
eISBN:
9781526115140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992514.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

The chapter discusses recruitment and motivation in the guerrilla armies. Guerrillas have been often presented as ideological volunteers. However, most men volunteered for much more mundane reasons. ... More


Would People Work?

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter asks whether people would be more or less likely to seek employment if they received a Citizen's Income. Given that it is often the administrative complexity that benefits claimants ... More


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