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Modelling life expectancy

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

in Annuity Markets

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

The actuarial profession has developed to enable insurance companies to value life insurance products on a scientific basis. This chapter considers the methods used by actuaries to price annuities ... More


PREHISTORY, BEGINNING OF HISTORY, AND THE TODDLING PERIOD

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Although probabilistic reasoning was implicit in man’s behaviour in uncertain situations even in primitive times, and can be traced in some ancient texts and medieval writings, probability as a ... More


The Standard of Living in Denmark in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries

Hans Chr. Johansen

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Traditional measures of real wages cover only the standard of living of a small fraction of the Danish population in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries and due to constant wages over long ... More


Short-Term Demographic Changes in Relation to Economic Fluctuations: The Case of Tuscany During the Pre-Transitional Period

Marco Breschi, Alessio Fornasin, and Giovanna Gonano

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Focuses on the short-term relations between prices of consumer goods and demographic time series. The area considered is the Grand Duchy of Tuscany from 1823 to 1854. The research identifies the ... More


Fierce with Reality

Ann Burack-Weiss

in The Lioness in Winter: Writing an Old Woman's Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231151849
eISBN:
9780231525336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151849.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

In this chapter, Burack-Weiss confronts mortality further as she writes of facing death and the legacy one leaves.


Circulating Scotlands: Telling, Tellers, and Tales in The Antiquary, The Tale of Old Mortality, and The Heart of Mid-Lothian

Caroline McCracken-Flesher

in Possible Scotlands: Walter Scott and the Story of Tomorrow

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169676
eISBN:
9780199787876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169676.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Scott multiplies the voices, modes, and stories of Scottishness. The Antiquary implies a precise, delimited attitude to history, but shows that the past falls into fragments that can be twisted into ... More


Epilogue: Cultural Memory, Cultural Amnesia

Ann Rigney

in The Afterlives of Walter Scott: Memory on the Move

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644018
eISBN:
9780191738784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644018.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Invoking Scott’s Old Mortality (1816), and recent discussions in memory studies, the Epilogue offers a reflection on forgetting as the inevitable counterpart of memory. It presents philology as a ... More


Death and Security: Memory and Mortality at the Bombsite

Charlotte Heath-Kelly

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781784993139
eISBN:
9781526120991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993139.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

Death is simultaneously silent, and very loud, in political life. Politicians and media scream about potential threats lurking behind every corner, but academic discourse often neglects mortality. ... More


Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality, Mortality as a whole deals with certain aspects of ethical theory and with moral problems that arise primarily in contexts involving life‐and‐death decisions. The importance of ... More


Responding to Loss: Heideggerian Reflections on Literature, Architecture, and Film

Robert Mugerauer

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263240
eISBN:
9780823266494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263240.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The Crossing by Cormac McCarthy, the Jewish Museum Berlin by Daniel Libeskind, and Wings of Desire by Wim Wenders call on us to face up to, then reflect upon the phenomena of loss, displacement, ... More


Maternal Mortality in Pre-Registration England

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0011
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines maternal mortality in pre-registration England, or the period covering 1800 to 1950. Data gathered from the London Bills of Mortality and parish registers suggests that there ... More


Health Statistics in Historical Perspective

John M. Eyler

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the history of health statistics, starting with the pioneering work of Graunt in London in the 17th century on the Bills of Mortality. It discusses the role of ... More


Workers, 1733–1736

Noeleen McIlvenna

in The Short Life of Free Georgia: Class and Slavery in the Colonial South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624037
eISBN:
9781469624051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624037.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes everyday life for the working class of England, then tells the story of the difficult first years of the settlement of Savannah and surrounding forts. The high rates of illness ... More


Tony Harrison’s Polygonal Ode to Delphi

Oliver Taplin

in New Light on Tony Harrison

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266519
eISBN:
9780191884238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266519.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter sets out to map the leading themes and motifs in Tony Harrison’s recent long poem, Polygons (2015). It particularly traces the poets alluded to, and the places around Delphi which recur ... More


Paternal Incarceration and Infant Mortality

Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman

in Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199989225
eISBN:
9780199347612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989225.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Law, Crime and Deviance

Infant mortality—the death of a child before the first birthday—is the most consequential of all of the outcomes considered in the book. Infant mortality and imprisonment in the United States share ... More


Narrowing the Infant Mortality Gap: Data Tools and Strategies for Improved Birth Outcomes

Shin Margaret Chao, Giannina Donatoni, Angel Hopson, Deborah Davenport, and Cynthia A. Harding

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Infant mortality (IM) is an indicator of community health. When confronted with a rise in the 2002 IM in one Los Angeles County region, the local Department of Public Health used several data tools ... More


The Final Toll

Evelyn Lord

in The Great Plague: A People's History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300173819
eISBN:
9780300206203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300173819.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The final toll of plague deaths given in the Cambridge Bills of Mortality was 920 burials in churchyards and pest house plague pits, amounting to 12 percent of the population of the town. Of those ... More


A Rash of Red Crosses

Evelyn Lord

in The Great Plague: A People's History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300173819
eISBN:
9780300206203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300173819.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

On December 25, 1665, people stayed indoors and the festivities were muted. Christmas approached in Cambridge with the hope of the plague ceasing in 1666 and the people looking forward to the New ... More


Ferocious Beauty: Elizabeth Bowen, Katherine Anne Porter and the Modernist Female Dandy

Ellen Crowell

in The Dandy in Irish and American Southern Fiction: Aristocratic Drag

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625482
eISBN:
9780748652051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625482.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter argues that dandyism is not exclusively masculine, because the dandy figure can also illuminate how feminine artifice is called upon to project the illusion of cultural hegemony. It ... More


‘All, all, without avail’: Medicine and the Liberated Africans

Andrew Pearson

in Distant freedom: "St Helena and the abolition of the slave trade, 1840-1872"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781781382837
eISBN:
9781781383957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382837.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

The Africans disembarked at St Helena suffered from the same gamut of disease as the millions who had preceded them on the Middle Passage. Medical treatment lay at the core of the Establishment’s ... More


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