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Morgan’s Canon: animal psychology in the twentieth century and beyond

Helen Steward

in Animals: A History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199375967
eISBN:
9780199375998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199375967.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The rule called “Morgan’s Canon,” introduced by the ethologist Conwy Lloyd Morgan at the end of the nineteenth century, states, “In no case may we interpret an action as the outcome of the exercise ... More


PRETENCE AND RATIONALITY: THE CASE OF NON‐HUMAN ANIMALS

Gregory Currie

in Arts and Minds

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199256280
eISBN:
9780191601712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256284.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Argues that pretence is one clear indication of rationality. Makes a suggestion about the kind of evidence of pretence in animals we should be looking for. This suggestion makes claims about pretence ... More


Animal Consciousness

Rocco J. Gennaro

in The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016605
eISBN:
9780262298582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016605.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the consciousness of most animals as posited by the Animals Thesis. The reconciliation of this thesis with the HOT and Conceptualism Theses is the main focus, especially ... More


Iterated and Ground-Floor Cognition, KK and K¬K Arguments and Empirical Studies

Jody Azzouni

in Attributing Knowledge: What It Means to Know Something

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197508817
eISBN:
9780197508848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197508817.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A distinction between Cartesian knowers (who are capable of all forms of metacognition) and ground-floor cognizers are drawn. B.B., a virtual ground-floor cognizer, is extensively described: what it ... More


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