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The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility

Bruce N. Waller

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028165
eISBN:
9780262327404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028165.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Belief in moral responsibility is very strong; and although there are many arguments in support of moral responsibility, it is clear that those arguments are not as strong as the belief in moral ... More


Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Thomas Schramme (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely unresolved. This volume approaches psychopathy by considering the ... More


The Freedom to Choose and Drug Addiction

P. Read Montague

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Montague proposes a computational model to understand addiction. His key idea is a special kind of reward prediction error signal in addicts. In his comments, Yaffe discusses what Montague's work on ... More


Consciousness and Moral Responsibility

Neil Levy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198704638
eISBN:
9780191774249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704638.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Cognitive neuroscience and psychology provide a great deal of evidence that our actions are often shaped by information of which we are not conscious; some psychologists have concluded that we are ... More


Free Will and Substance Dualism: The Real Scientific Threat to Free Will?

Alfred R. Mele

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Mele uses survey methods of experimental philosophy to argue that folk notions of freedom and responsibility do not really require any dubious mind–body dualism. In his comment, Nadelhoffer questions ... More


A Social Perspective on Debates about Free Will

Victoria K. Lee and Lasana T. Harris

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lee and Harris argue that people's overall positions on free will depend less on arguments and more on social rewards, so members of a coherent social group will end up holding similar positions on ... More


Mental Life and Responsibility in Real Time with a Determined Brain

Michael S. Gazzaniga

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Gazzaniga defends a version of “semi-compatibilism” in which determinism is incompatible with free action and free will but is still compatible with moral responsibility, because moral responsibility ... More


Traumatic Responsibility: Victor Frankenstein as Creator and Casualty

Josephine Johnston

in Frankenstein: Annotated for Scientists, Engineers, and Creators of All Kinds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533287
eISBN:
9780262340267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533287.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

A rich theme running through Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is responsibility. The novel explores the responsibility that Victor Frankenstein has for the destruction caused by his scientific curiosity, ... More


Agency and Control: The Subcortical Role in Good Decisions

Patricia S. Churchland and Christopher L. Suhler

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Churchland and Suhler argue that we can have control without responding to conscious reasons, and that control (rather than free will) is what really matters to responsibility. In their comment, ... More


Evolutionary Insights into the Nature of Choice: Evidence from Nonhuman Primates

Ellen E. Furlong and Laurie R. Santos

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Furlong and Santos survey studies of framing and situational influences on behavior in capuchin monkeys as well as humans, but they argue that both humans and monkeys can still have some control and ... More


Partial Desert

Tamler Sommers

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199694853
eISBN:
9780191757792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694853.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theories of moral desert focus only on the personal culpability of the agent to determine the amount of blame and punishment the agent deserves. Here an alternative account of desert is defended, one ... More


Consciousness and Control

Neil Levy

in Consciousness and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198704638
eISBN:
9780191774249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704638.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to accounts of moral responsibility that make control a central condition. Focusing on the relatively undemanding account of control developed by John Martin Fischer and Martin ... More


The Neural Code for Intentions in the Human Brain: Implications for Neurotechnology and Free Will

John-Dylan Haynes

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Haynes summarizes his scientific research on the neural basis for intentions (including predictions of intentions) and suggests implications for epiphenomenalism, which implies that our mental ... More


Constructing a Scientific Theory of Free Will

Roy F. Baumeister

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Baumeister discusses determinism and reductionism with emphases on self-regulation and conscious and meaningful causation of behavior. Baumeister concludes that freedom exists but can only be seen by ... More


Resting on Your Laurels: Deserting Desert in Paradise?

Brian P. Boeninger and Robert K. Garcia

in Paradise Understood: New Philosophical Essays about Heaven

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198794301
eISBN:
9780191835810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198794301.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes an apparent incompatibility between a traditional theistic view of heaven and theodicies that centrally appeal to libertarian free will in responding to the problem of evil. ... More


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