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The Resurgence of Route 128: The Triumph of Open Systems

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Boston's Route 128 illustrates the concepts of regional technology capability, technology genealogy, and technology roadmap. Precision machining and complex product systems are regional technological ... More


The Laws of Evolution

Giuseppe Primiero

in On the Foundations of Computing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198835646
eISBN:
9780191873232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835646.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter explores the technologies that have made possible the rapid development of computingmachinery, essential for exploring the meaning of the laws of hardware and software evolution.


Silicon, Silicon, and yet more Silicon

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter describes the establishment of silicon as the dominant semiconductor in modern electronics. Not only was it the preferred material for the manufacture of integrated circuits, but also ... More


The Global Semiconductor Industry

Clair Brown and Greg Linden

in Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013468
eISBN:
9780262258654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013468.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter gives a brief overview of the history of the semiconductor industry; how it has transformed computing, communications, entertainment and industry; and how it has helped in the betterment ... More


The Way Ahead

Clair Brown and Greg Linden

in Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013468
eISBN:
9780262258654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013468.003.0159
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter reviews all the eight crises that were mentioned in the previous chapters and discusses how these have affected countries’ firms, workers, and consumers. Several lessons and suggestions ... More


The Past of the Future of Computation

James A. Anderson

in After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199357789
eISBN:
9780190675264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Hand axes, language, and computers are tools that increase our ability to deal with the world. Computing is a cognitive tool and comes in several kinds: digital, analog, and brain-like. An analog ... More


Low Returns, High Risk

Clair Brown and Greg Linden

in Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013468
eISBN:
9780262258654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013468.003.0109
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter gives an overview of the semiconductor industry’s return on assets (ROA) from 1984 to 2005, documenting the changes as well as the rising trend in the R&D-to-sales ratio, and the mergers ... More


Chips with Everything

David Segal

in Materials for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198804079
eISBN:
9780191842320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804079.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Chapter 3 highlights the critical role materials have in the development of digital computers. It traces developments from the cat’s whisker to valves through to relays and transistors. Accounts are ... More


Computing Hardware: Digital

James A. Anderson

in After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199357789
eISBN:
9780190675264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Digital computers are built from hardware of great simplicity. First, they are built from devices with two states: on or off, one or zero, high voltage or low voltage, or logical TRUE or FALSE. ... More


Introduction

Joshua Raulerson

in Singularities: Technoculture, Transhumanism, and Science Fiction in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781846319723
eISBN:
9781781381052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846319723.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The introduction establishes the concept of technological Singularity in two modalities: a futurological thesis, popularized by Ray Kurzweil and others, expounding the consequences of exponential ... More


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