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Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Bayesian modeling has become an indispensable tool for ecological research because it is uniquely suited to deal with complexity in a statistically coherent way. This book provides a comprehensive ... More


Bayesian Statistics 9

José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More


Markov Chain Monte Carlo

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how to implement Bayesian analyses using the Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm, a set of methods for Bayesian analysis made popular by the seminal paper of Gelfand and ... More


Bayesian Smoothing and Regression for Longitudinal, Spatial and Event History Data

Ludwig Fahrmeir and Thomas Kneib

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199533022
eISBN:
9780191728501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533022.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

Several recent advances in smoothing and semiparametric regression are presented in this book from a unifying, Bayesian perspective. Simulation-based full Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


Estimating and Applying Uncertainty in Assessment models

Thomas B. Kirchner

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses probabilistic methods for conducting uncertainty analysis, methods that can be use to evaluate both local and global sensitivity of models to parameters, and issues related to ... More


A SURVEY ON THE USE OF MARKOV CHAINS TO RANDOMLY SAMPLE COLOURINGS

Alan Frieze and Eric Vigoda

in Combinatorics, Complexity, and Chance: A Tribute to Dominic Welsh

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198571278
eISBN:
9780191718885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571278.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

In recent years, considerable progress has been made on the analysis of Markov chains for generating a random colouring of an input graph. These improvements have come in conjunction with refinements ... More


Quantifying Uncertainty in Net Primary Production Measurements

Mark E. Harmon, Donald L. Phillips, John J. Battles, Andrew Rassweiler, Robert O. Hall Jr., and William K. Lauenroth

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Because primary production usually is estimated from several variables that are themselves subject to error in measurement, these errors propagate as the variables are combined mathematically. ... More


Parsimony and Bayesian phylogenetics

Pablo A. Goloboff and Diego Pol

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The intent of a statistically-based phylogenetic method is to estimate tree topologies and values of possibly relevant parameters, as well as the uncertainty inherent in those estimations. A method ... More


Introduction to Probability and Random Variables

M. Vidyasagar

in Hidden Markov Processes: Theory and Applications to Biology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133157
eISBN:
9781400850518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133157.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides an introduction to probability and random variables. Probability theory is an attempt to formalize the notion of uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment. For instance, ... More


René Blum and the Ballets Russes: In Search of a Lost Life

Judith Chazin-Bennahum

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195399332
eISBN:
9780199897025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399332.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Dance

This is the first lengthy inquiry into the life and times of René Blum, the successor to Serge Diaghilev and a distinguished Parisian author, editor, critic, and producer. Léon Blum, his older ... More


Principles of systematic upscaling

Achi Brandt

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Building on the complementary advantages of Renormalization Group (RG) and multigrid (MG) methods, Systematic Upscaling (SU) comprises rigorous procedures for deriving suitable variables and ... More


Inference

Jesper Møller

in New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232574
eISBN:
9780191716393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This contribution concerns statistical inference for parametric models used in stochastic geometry and based on quick and simple simulation free procedures as well as more comprehensive methods based ... More


Systematically Interrogating Agent-Based Models

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops the methods for designing, executing, and analyzing large suites of computer simulations that generate stable and replicable results. It starts with a discussion of the ... More


Measuring Vulnerability to Poverty

Gisele Kamanou and Jonathan Morduch

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A method based on Monte Carlo bootstrap estimations of consumption changes was developed to measure vulnerability to poverty. The method was applied to data on Cote d’Ivoire in 1985-86. It revealed ... More


Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293545
eISBN:
9780191596391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293542.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This collection of published papers records the development of an approach to econometric modelling that has reached a highly successful stage. The methodology of modelling ‘observational data’, as ... More


Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161082
eISBN:
9781400873739
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have become one of the workhorses of modern macroeconomics and are extensively used for academic research as well as forecasting and policy ... More


Measurement Problems in Econometrics

David F. Hendry

in Dynamic Econometrics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283164
eISBN:
9780191596384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283164.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Methods for estimating parameters in errors‐in‐variables models are investigated, and an estimator generating equation is derived, with weighted least squares and instrumental variables as solutions. ... More


AUTOREG: A Computer Program Library for Dynamic Econometric Models With Autoregressive Errors

David F. Hendry and Frank Srba

in Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293545
eISBN:
9780191596391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293542.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Keeping econometrics operational with suitable computer programs that implement new methods and approaches is essential. The evolution of AUTOREG follows the methodological developments, from ... More


Requirements for Conducting Confirmatory Factor Analysis: Data Considerations

Donna Harrington

in Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents the requirements for conducting a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Types of missing data, as well as methods of checking for and addressing missing data, such as imputation, ... More


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