## 11 Refining disordered structures

*Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen*

### in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199233694
- eISBN:
- 9780191715563
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0011
- Subject:
- Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter deals with the subject of refining the model of a disordered material based on diffraction data. Three different methods are presented: Reverse Monte Carlo (RMC), refinement of the PDF ... More

## Bayesian Statistics 9

*José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199694587
- eISBN:
- 9780191731921
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More

## Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

*N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691159287
- eISBN:
- 9781400866557
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.001.0001
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

Bayesian modeling has become an indispensable tool for ecological research because it is uniquely suited to deal with complexity in a statistically coherent way. This book provides a comprehensive ... More

## Markov Chain Monte Carlo

*N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten*

### in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691159287
- eISBN:
- 9781400866557
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0007
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how to implement Bayesian analyses using the Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm, a set of methods for Bayesian analysis made popular by the seminal paper of Gelfand and ... More

## Bayesian Smoothing and Regression for Longitudinal, Spatial and Event History Data

*Ludwig Fahrmeir and Thomas Kneib*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199533022
- eISBN:
- 9780191728501
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533022.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

Several recent advances in smoothing and semiparametric regression are presented in this book from a unifying, Bayesian perspective. Simulation-based full Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) ... More

## Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

*Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla*

### in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199573349
- eISBN:
- 9780191721946
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More

## Estimating and Applying Uncertainty in Assessment models

*Thomas B. Kirchner*

### in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780195127270
- eISBN:
- 9780199869121
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0011
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses probabilistic methods for conducting uncertainty analysis, methods that can be use to evaluate both local and global sensitivity of models to parameters, and issues related to ... More

## A SURVEY ON THE USE OF MARKOV CHAINS TO RANDOMLY SAMPLE COLOURINGS

*Alan Frieze and Eric Vigoda*

### in Combinatorics, Complexity, and Chance: A Tribute to Dominic Welsh

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198571278
- eISBN:
- 9780191718885
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571278.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

In recent years, considerable progress has been made on the analysis of Markov chains for generating a random colouring of an input graph. These improvements have come in conjunction with refinements ... More

## Quantifying Uncertainty in Net Primary Production Measurements

*Mark E. Harmon, Donald L. Phillips, John J. Battles, Andrew Rassweiler, Robert O. Hall Jr., and William K. Lauenroth*

### in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195168662
- eISBN:
- 9780199790128
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0012
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

Because primary production usually is estimated from several variables that are themselves subject to error in measurement, these errors propagate as the variables are combined mathematically. ... More

## Parsimony and Bayesian phylogenetics

*Pablo A. Goloboff and Diego Pol*

### in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199297306
- eISBN:
- 9780191713729
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0008
- Subject:
- Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The intent of a statistically-based phylogenetic method is to estimate tree topologies and values of possibly relevant parameters, as well as the uncertainty inherent in those estimations. A method ... More

## René Blum and the Ballets Russes: In Search of a Lost Life

*Judith Chazin-Bennahum*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780195399332
- eISBN:
- 9780199897025
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399332.001.0001
- Subject:
- Music, Dance

This is the first lengthy inquiry into the life and times of René Blum, the successor to Serge Diaghilev and a distinguished Parisian author, editor, critic, and producer. Léon Blum, his older ... More

## Inference

*Jesper Møller*

### in New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199232574
- eISBN:
- 9780191716393
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.003.0009
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This contribution concerns statistical inference for parametric models used in stochastic geometry and based on quick and simple simulation free procedures as well as more comprehensive methods based ... More

## Introduction to Probability and Random Variables

*M. Vidyasagar*

### in Hidden Markov Processes: Theory and Applications to Biology

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691133157
- eISBN:
- 9781400850518
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691133157.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides an introduction to probability and random variables. Probability theory is an attempt to formalize the notion of uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment. For instance, ... More

## Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

*David F. Hendry*

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198293545
- eISBN:
- 9780191596391
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198293542.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This collection of published papers records the development of an approach to econometric modelling that has reached a highly successful stage. The methodology of modelling ‘observational data’, as ... More

## Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

*Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691161082
- eISBN:
- 9781400873739
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have become one of the workhorses of modern macroeconomics and are extensively used for academic research as well as forecasting and policy ... More

## Principles of systematic upscaling

*Achi Brandt*

### in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199233854
- eISBN:
- 9780191715532
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Building on the complementary advantages of Renormalization Group (RG) and multigrid (MG) methods, Systematic Upscaling (SU) comprises rigorous procedures for deriving suitable variables and ... More

## Systematically Interrogating Agent-Based Models

*Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti*

### in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691139036
- eISBN:
- 9781400840328
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0004
- Subject:
- Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops the methods for designing, executing, and analyzing large suites of computer simulations that generate stable and replicable results. It starts with a discussion of the ... More

## Measuring Vulnerability to Poverty

*Gisele Kamanou and Jonathan Morduch*

### in Insurance Against Poverty

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780199276837
- eISBN:
- 9780191601620
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199276838.003.0009
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A method based on Monte Carlo bootstrap estimations of consumption changes was developed to measure vulnerability to poverty. The method was applied to data on Cote d’Ivoire in 1985-86. It revealed ... More

## THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

*V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak*

### in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199299805
- eISBN:
- 9780191714948
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The description of the thermodynamics of the strongly ionized plasma starts by discussing the most popular and well-studied model of the one-component plasma (OCP), which represents a system of point ... More

## Measurement Problems in Econometrics

*David F. Hendry*

### in Dynamic Econometrics

- Published in print:
- 1995
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198283164
- eISBN:
- 9780191596384
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198283164.003.0012
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Methods for estimating parameters in errors‐in‐variables models are investigated, and an estimator generating equation is derived, with weighted least squares and instrumental variables as solutions. ... More