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THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The description of the thermodynamics of the strongly ionized plasma starts by discussing the most popular and well-studied model of the one-component plasma (OCP), which represents a system of point ... More


Overview of Conventional Risk Quantification Methods

Yuri G. Raydugin

in Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

Deterministic (scoring) and probabilistic (Monte Carlo) risk quantification methodologies are overviewed as related to risk assessment steps of the PRM process. A role of various realizations of bias ... More


Bose–Hubbard models: methods of treatment

Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger

in Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating quantum many-body systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573127
eISBN:
9780191775048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter reviews various theoretical methods that can be applied to investigate Bose–Hubbard models. In particular, it discusses the Bogolyubov method, strong coupling expansion, the perturbative ... More


High-level Overview of Project Risk Management (PRM)

Yuri G. Raydugin

in Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

Selection of adequate project risk management (PRM) methodologies should be based on deep understanding of PRM context of a project to avoid PRM context—PRM method mismatch. Various realizations of ... More


Bayesian Inference in Dynamic Econometric Models

Luc Bauwens, Michel Lubrano, and Jean-François Richard

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198773122
eISBN:
9780191695315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198773122.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book contains an up-to-date coverage of the last twenty years of advances in Bayesian inference in econometrics, with an emphasis on dynamic models. It shows how to treat Bayesian inference in ... More


ENIAC Goes to Monte Carlo

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Traces the series of Monte Carlo simulations run on ENIAC from their genesis in January 1947 exchanges between John von Neumann, Robert Richtmyer, and Stanislaw Ulam through the completion of ... More


Numerical methods

Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz

in Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577224
eISBN:
9780191722943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces a few typical numerical methods used in modern studies of phase transitions and critical phenomena in spin systems. The first section describes the stochastic dynamics of a ... More


The liquid state

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In the gaseous state, molecules are to a good approximation isolated entities traveling in space at high speed with sparse and near elastic collisions. At the other extreme, a perfect crystal has a ... More


ENIAC Tries Its Luck

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

As soon as Metropolis had completed the initial configuration of ENIAC for the new programming method, and before it was working properly, Klara von Neumann arrived to help. She had taken the leading ... More


Momentum density studies in crystalline solids: theory

P. E. Mijnarends, Y. Kubo, B. Barbiellini, and A. Bansil

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the calculation of the electron momentum density within the Local Density Approximation (LDA) and the Local Spin Density Approximation (LDSA). The KKR-CPA method is discussed ... More


Online Bayesian learning in dynamic models: an illustrative introduction to particle methods

Hedibert F Lopes and Carlos M Carvalho

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides a step-by-step review of Monte Carlo (MC) methods for filtering in general nonlinear and non-Gaussian dynamic models, also known as state-space models or hidden Markov models. ... More


The processing of experimental data

Eugeniusz Żukowski

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a comprehensive account of how raw data are corrected for systematic effects in the spectra in order to deduce the Compton profile, i.e., the quantity that is related to the ... More


Bayesian Statistics 9

José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More


Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161082
eISBN:
9781400873739
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have become one of the workhorses of modern macroeconomics and are extensively used for academic research as well as forecasting and policy ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


Pairing and superfluidity of nucleons in neutron stars

A. Gezerlis, C. J. Pethick, and A. Schwenk

in Novel Superfluids: Volume 2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198719267
eISBN:
9780191788529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719267.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter surveys the current status of understanding of pairing and superfluidity of neutrons and protons in neutron stars from a theoretical perspective, with emphasis on basic physical ... More


Project Zemblanity Business Case (I): Linear Monte Carlo Schedule and Cost Risk Analysis (L-SCRA)

Yuri G. Raydugin

in Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

A traditional linear integrated Monte Carlo schedule and cost risk analysis (L-SCRA) methodology is overviewed using a fictional case of project Zemblanity. A project schedule, a base estimate, a ... More


A brief guide to computer intensive statistics

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Chapters 5, 13 and 14 presented methods for making inference about infectious diseases from available data. This is of course one of the main motivations for modeling: learning about important ... More


Sequence Evolution Models for Simultaneous Alignment and Phylogeny Reconstruction

Dirk Metzler and Roland Fleissner

in Sequence Alignment: Methods, Models, Concepts, and Strategies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256972
eISBN:
9780520943742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256972.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the statistical approaches for simultaneous alignment and phylogeny reconstruction. It focuses on the modeling of insertion and deletion events in a phylogenetic framework, and ... More


The Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Walks, Polygons, Animals and Vesicles

E.J. Janse van Rensburg

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199666577
eISBN:
9780191748653
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666577.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This book is an account of the theory and mathematical approaches in polymer entropy, with particular emphasis on mathematical approaches to directed and undirected lattice models. Results in the ... More


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