## THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

*V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak*

### in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199299805
- eISBN:
- 9780191714948
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The description of the thermodynamics of the strongly ionized plasma starts by discussing the most popular and well-studied model of the one-component plasma (OCP), which represents a system of point ... More

## Bose–Hubbard models: methods of treatment

*Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger*

### in Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating quantum many-body systems

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199573127
- eISBN:
- 9780191775048
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter reviews various theoretical methods that can be applied to investigate Bose–Hubbard models. In particular, it discusses the Bogolyubov method, strong coupling expansion, the perturbative ... More

## Bayesian Inference in Dynamic Econometric Models

*Luc Bauwens, Michel Lubrano, and Jean-François Richard*

- Published in print:
- 2000
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780198773122
- eISBN:
- 9780191695315
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198773122.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book contains an up-to-date coverage of the last twenty years of advances in Bayesian inference in econometrics, with an emphasis on dynamic models. It shows how to treat Bayesian inference in ... More

## ENIAC Goes to Monte Carlo

*Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope*

### in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780262033985
- eISBN:
- 9780262334426
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0009
- Subject:
- History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Traces the series of Monte Carlo simulations run on ENIAC from their genesis in January 1947 exchanges between John von Neumann, Robert Richtmyer, and Stanislaw Ulam through the completion of ... More

## Numerical methods

*Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz*

### in Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199577224
- eISBN:
- 9780191722943
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0011
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces a few typical numerical methods used in modern studies of phase transitions and critical phenomena in spin systems. The first section describes the stochastic dynamics of a ... More

## The liquid state

*ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI*

### in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198570806
- eISBN:
- 9780191718779
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0009
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In the gaseous state, molecules are to a good approximation isolated entities traveling in space at high speed with sparse and near elastic collisions. At the other extreme, a perfect crystal has a ... More

## ENIAC Tries Its Luck

*Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope*

### in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780262033985
- eISBN:
- 9780262334426
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0010
- Subject:
- History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

As soon as Metropolis had completed the initial configuration of ENIAC for the new programming method, and before it was working properly, Klara von Neumann arrived to help. She had taken the leading ... More

## Momentum density studies in crystalline solids: theory

*P. E. Mijnarends, Y. Kubo, B. Barbiellini, and A. Bansil*

### in X-Ray Compton Scattering

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198501688
- eISBN:
- 9780191718045
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the calculation of the electron momentum density within the Local Density Approximation (LDA) and the Local Spin Density Approximation (LDSA). The KKR-CPA method is discussed ... More

## Online Bayesian learning in dynamic models: an illustrative introduction to particle methods

*Hedibert F Lopes and Carlos M Carvalho*

### in Bayesian Theory and Applications

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199695607
- eISBN:
- 9780191744167
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0011
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides a step-by-step review of Monte Carlo (MC) methods for filtering in general nonlinear and non-Gaussian dynamic models, also known as state-space models or hidden Markov models. ... More

## The processing of experimental data

*Eugeniusz Żukowski*

### in X-Ray Compton Scattering

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198501688
- eISBN:
- 9780191718045
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a comprehensive account of how raw data are corrected for systematic effects in the spectra in order to deduce the Compton profile, i.e., the quantity that is related to the ... More

## Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

*Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691161082
- eISBN:
- 9781400873739
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have become one of the workhorses of modern macroeconomics and are extensively used for academic research as well as forecasting and policy ... More

## Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

*Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla*

### in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199573349
- eISBN:
- 9780191721946
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More

## Bayesian Statistics 9

*José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199694587
- eISBN:
- 9780191731921
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More

## Pairing and superfluidity of nucleons in neutron stars

*A. Gezerlis, C. J. Pethick, and A. Schwenk*

### in Novel Superfluids: Volume 2

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- March 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780198719267
- eISBN:
- 9780191788529
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719267.003.0011
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter surveys the current status of understanding of pairing and superfluidity of neutrons and protons in neutron stars from a theoretical perspective, with emphasis on basic physical ... More

## A brief guide to computer intensive statistics

*Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton*

### in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691155395
- eISBN:
- 9781400845620
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0015
- Subject:
- Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Chapters 5, 13 and 14 presented methods for making inference about infectious diseases from available data. This is of course one of the main motivations for modeling: learning about important ... More

## Sequence Evolution Models for Simultaneous Alignment and Phylogeny Reconstruction

*Dirk Metzler and Roland Fleissner*

### in Sequence Alignment: Methods, Models, Concepts, and Strategies

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780520256972
- eISBN:
- 9780520943742
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of California Press
- DOI:
- 10.1525/california/9780520256972.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the statistical approaches for simultaneous alignment and phylogeny reconstruction. It focuses on the modeling of insertion and deletion events in a phylogenetic framework, and ... More

## The Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Walks, Polygons, Animals and Vesicles

*E.J. Janse van Rensburg*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- August 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780199666577
- eISBN:
- 9780191748653
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666577.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This book is an account of the theory and mathematical approaches in polymer entropy, with particular emphasis on mathematical approaches to directed and undirected lattice models. Results in the ... More

## Bayesian estimation of parameters

*J. Durbin and S.J. Koopman*

### in Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods: Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199641178
- eISBN:
- 9780191774881
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641178.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the use of importance sampling for the estimation of parameters in Bayesian analysis for models of Part I and Part II. It first develops the analysis of the linear Gaussian ... More

## Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

*Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780262033985
- eISBN:
- 9780262334426
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.001.0001
- Subject:
- History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book explores the conception, design, construction, use, and afterlife of ENIAC, the first general purpose digital electronic computer. ENIAC was created and tested at the University of ... More

## Computing Chemical Reactions

*Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto*

### in Artificial Chemistries

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780262029438
- eISBN:
- 9780262329460
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0004
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines various reactor algorithms that are frequently used in artificial chemistries. We contrast macroscopic, deterministic reaction algorithms and microscopic, stochastic reaction ... More