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Philosophical and Future Perspectives

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Here we review the philosophical implications of the theory presented in previous chapters, and its consequences for future research. This leads us to demarcate the current theory from classical ... More


Pluralism and history

Lauren J. Apfel

in The Advent of Pluralism: Diversity and Conflict in the Age of Sophocles

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600625
eISBN:
9780191724985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600625.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter begins by considering the ways in which history and historical writing can be understood in pluralist terms. Drawing on the writings of Isaiah Berlin, it examines pluralism as it applies ... More


Prologue

Irfan Ahmad

in Religion as Critique: Islamic Critical Thinking from Mecca to the Marketplace

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635095
eISBN:
9781469635101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635095.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The genealogy of critique, received wisdom unequivocally maintains, started with Immanual Kant. Religion as Critique, in contrast, contends that it began much earlier. As a prelude to demonstrate ... More


The Tragic Liberalism of Isaiah Berlin

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The influence of the Counter-Enlightenment has not been entirely nihilistic and rejectionist. It has deeply influenced Isaiah Berlin, one of the chief apostles of liberal political theory in the ... More


Science and the (Meta)Physical Body: A Critique of Positivism in the Vasconcelian Utopia

David S. Dalton

in Mestizo Modernity: Race, Technology, and the Body in Post-Revolutionary Mexico

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781683400394
eISBN:
9781683400523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400394.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Chapter 1 discusses José Vasconcelos’s notion of a cosmic race through a posthuman reading of his seminal essay The Cosmic Race [La raza cósmica] (1925) and his largely forgotten play Prometeo ... More


The interiorisation of ritual in India and Greece

Richard Seaford

in Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474410991
eISBN:
9781474426695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474410991.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The interiorisation of ritual is a concept used by Indologists, referring to the replacement of the actual performance of ritual by its internal or mental performance, or to the adoption of the ... More


On affirmation, rejection and accommodation of the world in Greek and Indian religion

Matylda Obryk

in Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474410991
eISBN:
9781474426695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474410991.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter applies to Indian and Greek religion the typology of religious movements created by Roy Wallis: world-affirming, world-rejecting, and world accommodating religions. World-affirming ... More


Immanent Cause, Acosmism, and the Distinction between ‘Modes of God’ and ‘Modes of an Attribute’

Yitzhak Y. Melamed

in Spinoza's Metaphysics: Substance and Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780195394054
eISBN:
9780199347476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394054.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

In the second chapter I explain the nature of immanent cause in Spinoza. I discuss and criticize the German Idealists’ acosmist interpretation of Spinoza according to which Spinoza revived the ... More


The Concept of Meaning

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter articulates what contemporary philosophers are asking when enquiring into the meaning of life, or what the concept of meaning in life is that unites competing conceptions of it. The ... More


Free Will: Some Bad News

Saul Smilansky

in Action, Ethics, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014731
eISBN:
9780262289276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014731.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on two unconventional claims regarding the free will problem. The first contends that the systematical integration of the partial but crucial insights both of compatibilism and ... More


Bodies

Deborah J. Brown and Calvin G. Normore

in Descartes and the Ontology of Everyday Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198836810
eISBN:
9780191881688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836810.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Against a growing consensus that Descartes was a closet monist committed to the idea that the divisions between bodies were either modal or phenomenal, this chapter argues that Descartes held to the ... More


Diverging Worldviews, Converging Policies

Bryan G. Norton

in Toward Unity among Environmentalists

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195093971
eISBN:
9780197560723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195093971.003.0017
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

This book began with an anecdote, my encounter with an eight-year-old with hundreds of living sand dollars. While I knew what I wanted the little girl to do—I wanted her to put most of the living ... More


Interspecific Ethics

Bryan G. Norton

in Toward Unity among Environmentalists

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195093971
eISBN:
9780197560723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195093971.003.0019
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

What makes deep ecology deep? This is perhaps the most perplexing question about the much-discussed but little-understood deep ecology movement. Its spokespersons, who are mostly West Coast and ... More


Individuals

Theodore Sider

in The Tools of Metaphysics and the Metaphysics of Science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198811565
eISBN:
9780191848445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811565.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Various structuralists about individuals, such as ontic structural realists and ante rem mathematical structuralists, say that individuals are "just positions in structures". This chapter is a long ... More


The Academy at Work: The Target of Dialectic in Plato’s Parmenides

Alexander Nehamas

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 57

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198850847
eISBN:
9780191885709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850847.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Zeno’s argument against plurality in the Parmenides does not support the view that there is only one object in the world—only the view that every object in the world is one. Socrates counters that ... More


Monism

Terryl L. Givens

in Wrestling the Angel: The Foundations of Mormon Thought: Cosmos, God, Humanity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199794928
eISBN:
9780199378432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794928.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Mormonism maintains that matter and spirit are not just similarly eternal—they are ultimately two manifestations of the same reality or substance. The consequence in Smith’s thought is a collapse of ... More


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