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## Current Views on Pain Relief and Terminal Care: First published in The Therapy of Pain (1981), ed. M. Swerdlow, pp. 215–41. Lancaster: MTP Press.

*Cicely Saunders*

### in Cicely Saunders: Selected Writings 1958-2004

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- November 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780198570530
- eISBN:
- 9780191730412
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570530.003.0025
- Subject:
- Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter begins with the observation that ‘the use of the word terminal has tended to obscure the fact that it does not always refer to an irreversible state’. Terminal care is seen as a facet of ... More

## Nonparametric Bayesian Networks *

*Katja Ickstadt, Bjöorn Bornkamp, Marco Grzegorczyk, Jakob Wieczorek, Malik R. Sheriff, Hernáan E. Grecco, and Eli Zamir*

### in Bayesian Statistics 9

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199694587
- eISBN:
- 9780191731921
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

A convenient way of modelling complex interactions is by employing graphs or networks which correspond to conditional independence structures in an underlying statistical model. One main class of ... More

## Particle Learning for Sequential Bayesian Computation *

*Hedibert F. Lopes, Michael S. Johannes, Carlos M. Carvalho, and Nicholas G. Polson*

### in Bayesian Statistics 9

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199694587
- eISBN:
- 9780191731921
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0011
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Particle learning provides a simulation‐based approach to sequential Bayesian computation. To sample from a posterior distribution of interest we use an essential state vector together with a ... More

## Free Energy Sequential Monte Carlo, Application to Mixture Modelling *

*Nicolas Chopin and Pierre Jacob*

### in Bayesian Statistics 9

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199694587
- eISBN:
- 9780191731921
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

We introduce a new class of Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods, which we call free energy SMC. This class is inspired by free energy methods, which originate from physics, and where one samples ... More

## ‘It had an odde promiscuous tone’: Lord Rochester and Restoration modernity

*Matthew C. Augustine*

### in Aesthetics of contingency: Writing, politics, and culture in England, 1639-89

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- January 2019
- ISBN:
- 9781526100764
- eISBN:
- 9781526138651
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Manchester University Press
- DOI:
- 10.7228/manchester/9781526100764.003.0005
- Subject:
- Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores how the framework of a ‘long eighteenth century’ distorts our sense of Restoration literature through a process of selective reading and imagining that emphasises ‘the shape of ... More

## Free Energy and Chemical Thermodynamics

*Daniel V. Schroeder*

### in An Introduction to Thermal Physics

- Published in print:
- 2021
- Published Online:
- March 2021
- ISBN:
- 9780192895547
- eISBN:
- 9780191915000
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780192895547.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

When a system is held at constant temperature (and sometimes constant pressure) through interactions with its surroundings, its thermodynamic behavior is governed by a combination of energy and ... More

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