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The Ministry of Finance

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Ministry of Finance (MOF) has occupied a commanding and dominating position in fiscal, financial, and economic policy-making in Japan. However, by the end of the 20th century, the MOF's formal ... More


The Budget Processes in the Spending Ministries

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, ministries and agencies submitted budget requests for shares of the General Account Budget to the Ministry of Finance (MOF) on 31 August each year. Their processes of internal compilation ... More


MOF's Elite Administrators

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Japan's elite bureaucrats have five defining characteristics. First, their recruitment is open and competitive, but those appointed are drawn predominantly from among the graduates of Tokyo ... More


The Budget Bureau's Hearings, Examination, and Negotiations

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

After Cabinet approved the budget strategy, and ministries and agencies were informed of their ceilings in June or July, the initiative within the Budget Bureau passed to the budget examiners and ... More


The ‘Second Budget’: The Fiscal Investment Loan Programme

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Japan's Fiscal Investment Loan Programme (FILP), also known as the second budget, was a policy-based public finance system through which traditionally the national government transmitted the ... More


Budget Objectives and Policies

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Ministry of Finance reacted to the emergence of the fiscal crisis in 1975 by prescribing three related policy aims: to devise and implement a strategy to change the structure of Japan's tax ... More


Who Wins, Who Loses?

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, fiscal (and other) policies were used by the government to influence the supply and demand for goods and services in the economy, through changes in corporate and personal taxation, public ... More


Norway: Economic Experts in the Social-Democratic State

Johan Christensen

in The Power of Economists within the State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781503600492
eISBN:
9781503601857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503600492.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Contrary to conventional notions about social-democratic tax policies, Norway adopted a major market-oriented reform of taxation in the early 1990s. This chapter connects this surprising turn toward ... More


Fiscal Reconstruction: ‘Smoke and Mirrors’

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The main objective of the Ministry of Finance (MOF) from the emergence of the fiscal crisis in 1975 onwards was to reduce the fiscal deficit on the General Account Budget and, in the longer term, to ... More


Administrative Reform

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The fiscal crisis experienced in Japan from the mid-1970s gave rise to a broadly based campaign of administrative reform associated with the work of the Second Provisional Commission for ... More


The Politico-Economic Context

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter provides a general overview of the evolution of Japan's political economy and signals some of the main changes from the emergence of the fiscal crisis in fiscal year 1975 to the ... More


Budget Institutions and Structures

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The formal institutions and structures of Japan's budgetary system are complex; the processes of making budgets through them labyrinthine and opaque. The proliferation of the number and different ... More


Rules-of-the-Game: Managing Relations with the Spending Ministries

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the rules-of-the-game that governed the Japanese Ministry of Finance's (MOF) relationships with the Spending Ministries and Agencies, and what norms of behaviour guided Budget ... More


Economic Forecasts and Fiscal Projections

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, the general context of budget-making, up to the Cabinet's approval of the Ministry of Finance's draft budgets for both the General Account Budget and the Fiscal Investment Loan Programme in ... More


Budget Strategy, Guidelines, and Ceilings

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Japan, the processes of budget-making were divided temporally by the submission of the formal budget requests by the Spending Ministries and Agencies on 31 August. Prior to that, the Ministry of ... More


The Role and Influence of the LDP in the Budgetary Processes

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The management and manipulation of budget outputs in Japan helped the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to maintain itself in power for thirty-eight years until 1993 and, less certainly, after its ... More


Coping with Fiscal Stress

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Japan's main budget exhibited three symptoms of fiscal stress from 1975 through to 2000. First, a recurring deficit, persisting throughout the business cycle, that is, including years of both ... More


Introduction

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book investigates the fiscal crisis being experienced by Japan, focusing on the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and its central budgetary system in the last quarter of the 20th century. It examines ... More


Pushing the Limits of the FILP Compromise, 1970–1990

in Spending Without Taxation: FILP and the Politics of Public Finance in Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804773300
eISBN:
9780804777667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804773300.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter covers the critical period from 1970s through the 1980s that led to the accumulation of problems in the Fiscal Investment Loan Program (FILP) system. As political pressure on the Liberal ... More


Japan's Fiscal Performance in an International Context

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines public sector spending in Japan in the broader context of those of other G7 countries, and assesses the effectiveness of the Ministry of Finance's policies to reconstruct the ... More


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