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Military Service and Citizenship

Kathleen M. German

in Promises of Citizenship: Film Recruitment of African Americans in World War II

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496812353
eISBN:
9781496812391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496812353.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter unravels the assumptions of citizenship rooted in the early city-states of Greece and Rome that form the basis for rewards and responsibilities in the twentieth century United States. It ... More


The Reluctant Warrior

Andrew T. McDonald and Verlaine Stoner McDonald

in Paul Rusch in Postwar Japan: Evangelism, Rural Development, and the Battle against Communism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813176079
eISBN:
9780813176109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176079.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Chapter 4 describes Rusch’s experience from the time of his repatriation to the United States to his service as a personnel officer for the Military Intelligence Service Language School. Rusch’s task ... More


The Tribunal system: provenance, characteristics and issues

James McDermott

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the provenance, characteristics and issues in the Tribunal system. The Derby Scheme proved to be the failure that Lord Derby had anticipated. Despite its promoters' decisive ... More


British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

James McDermott

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Military Service Tribunals were formed following the introduction of conscription in January 1916, to consider applications for exemption from men deemed by the new legislation to have enlisted. ... More


“To Rub Smooth the Sharp Edges”: Universal Military Training, 1943–1951

Amy J. Rutenberg

in Rough Draft: Cold War Military Manpower Policy and the Origins of Vietnam-Era Draft Resistance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739361
eISBN:
9781501739378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739361.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter contends that members of Congress were reluctant to draft students and fathers during the Korean War because they believed the conflict was just the opening salvo of a much longer Cold ... More


From “Jap Crow” to “Jim and Jane Crow”: Black and Blue (and Yellow) in Chicago and the Bay Area

Matthew M. Briones

in Jim and Jap Crow: A Cultural History of 1940s Interracial America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691129488
eISBN:
9781400842216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691129488.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the resettlement of West Coast Japanese Americans in the Midwest and Northeast after internment irrevocably transformed the population of Japanese Chicagoans. As both Allan ... More


“Deeds of Our Own”: Loyalty, Soldier Rights, and Protest in Northern Regiments of the United States Colored Troops

Thaddeus M. Romansky

in Contested Loyalty: Debates over Patriotism in the Civil War North

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780823279753
eISBN:
9780823281503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823279753.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

In this essay, Thaddeus Romansky addresses expressions of national loyalty among African-Americans who joined the Union army. African-Americans both in and out of slavery were stigmatized and thought ... More


Communist Ascendancy in the Security Services

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0056
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the Communist predominance in the security services during Negrín's administration, as exemplified by the Servicio de Información Militar (SIM), or the Military Investigation ... More


Conclusion

James McDermott

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter suggests that the Tribunals' priorities and preconceptions, influenced both by growing self-awareness of their powers and responsibilities, and by the developing needs of the military ... More


Introduction

James McDermott

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book provides a discrete analysis of Military Service Tribunals. The Appeals Tribunal files and supplementary material, now held at Northampton Record Office, constituted the principal primary ... More


In France with the British Expeditionary Force

Christine E. Hallett

in Nurse Writers of the Great War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992521
eISBN:
9781526104342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992521.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Professional British nurse, Kate Luard, and highly-trained US nurse, Alice Fitzgerald, both served with the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service during the First World War. Both wrote ... More


Introduction

Nick Mansfield

in Soldiers as Workers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781781382783
eISBN:
9781781383964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382783.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This proposes a structure for a labour history of rank and file British professional soldiers, including a brief historiography of relevant research and publication. It defines types of nineteenth ... More


Introduction

Nick Mansfield

in Soldiers as Citizens: Popular Politics and the Nineteenth-Century British Military

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620863
eISBN:
9781789623772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620863.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

In common with its companion volume - Soldiers as Workers – Class, employment, conflict and the nineteenth century military (2016), this study argues that class is the primary means of understanding ... More


Brazil Counts on Its Sons for Redemption: Moral, Civic, and Countersubversive Education

Benjamin A. Cowan

in Securing Sex: Morality and Repression in the Making of Cold War Brazil

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627502
eISBN:
9781469627526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627502.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter Six investigates the impact of moralistic countersubversion in a more public arena: rightists’ push to mandate Moral and Civic Education as a broad counterattack designed to reach each and ... More


‘This Fascinating Horror’ (1914–1918)

James King

in Roland Penrose: The Life of a Surrealist

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474414500
eISBN:
9781474421874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414500.003.0002
Subject:
Art, Art History

This chapter details events in Roland Penrose's life from 1914–1918. In 1914, at the age of fourteen, Roland was sent to Leighton Park School near Reading, referred to at the time as ‘the Quaker ... More


A White Man’s War?: April 1861–December 1862

Brian Taylor

in Fighting for Citizenship: Black Northerners and the Debate over Military Service in the Civil War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781469659770
eISBN:
9781469659794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469659770.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at the first two years of the Civil War, when black men were barred from serving in the US Army. It follows the debate that black Northerners conducted about the proper response to ... More


Pacifism and conscientious objection during the First World War

Sonja Tiernan (ed.)

in The Political Writings of Eva Gore-Booth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719088742
eISBN:
9781781708859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088742.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Days after war was declared in August 1914 the Home Secretary announced an amnesty releasing all suffragettes imprisoned for anti-government and militant activities. Mainstream suffrage organisations ... More


Making Black Service Matter: 1865–1883

Brian Taylor

in Fighting for Citizenship: Black Northerners and the Debate over Military Service in the Civil War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781469659770
eISBN:
9781469659794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469659770.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter deals with black activists’ post-war campaign to convince federal officials to encode black citizenship and political rights in law. Black military service during the Civil War served as ... More


If We Are Not Citizens, Then What Are We?: To 1861

Brian Taylor

in Fighting for Citizenship: Black Northerners and the Debate over Military Service in the Civil War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781469659770
eISBN:
9781469659794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469659770.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reviews the history of black military service in previous American wars, an analysis of which black Northerners relied on when they thought that about how to respond to the opportunity ... More


Alf Ramsey and the importance of being earnest: masculinity, modernity and the 1966 World Cup squad

John Hughson

in England and the 1966 World Cup: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096150
eISBN:
9781526115331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096150.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter takes up the theme of masculinity. Traditional masculinity was undoubtedly affected by the emergent rock’n’roll era in Britain by the 1960s. Football was not especially quick to respond, ... More


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