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The Making of a Reformist General Secretary

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter traces Gorbachev's progress from birth in March 1931 in a peasant family in southern Russia to his appointment as the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party ... More


In the Portals of Power

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

When Gorbachev moved to Moscow in November 1978, he became – at the age of 47 – the youngest member of the predominantly elderly Soviet top leadership team. He received rapid promotion, becoming a ... More


The Gorbachev Factor

Archie Brown

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This is an analysis of how fundamental change came about in the Soviet Union and of the part played by political leadership. In its most general aspect, it is a contribution to the literature on ... More


The National Question, and the Coup, the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The chapter concentrates on one of the four transformations identified in Ch. 6 as necessary if the Soviet Union were to make a transition from authoritarianism to democracy – the need to transform ... More


The Power of Ideas and the Power of Appointment

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A back‐handed tribute to the power of ideas had been paid by the Soviet leadership prior to Gorbachev's coming to power through the lengths to which they went not only to promote official ... More


Gorbachev and Political Transformation

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A central thesis of the book, elaborated especially in this chapter, is that from the outset of his General Secretaryship, Gorbachev was seriously interested in political change as well as in ... More


Gorbachev and Foreign Policy

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Gorbachev was able to have a decisive impact on the development of ideas concerning the Soviet Union's relationship with the outside world and on the actual conduct of Soviet foreign policy by virtue ... More


Introduction

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Obstacles to democratization and pre‐conditions for transformative change are examined, as are changing evaluations of Mikhail Gorbachev. The weakness of the dissident movement in the first half of ... More


Gorbachev's Federalism Problem

Jeffrey Kahn

in Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246991
eISBN:
9780191599606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246998.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Soviet Union's ‘nationalities problem’ was one of the fundamental hurdles that Mikhail Gorbachev failed to clear in his attempt at systemic transformation of the USSR. Less understood, and far ... More


Gorbachev and Economic Reform

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Gorbachev's two major failures were in economic reform and in resolution of the ‘national question’, although that statement has to be qualified by the observation that the problems involved were so ... More


Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia

Jeffrey Kahn

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246991
eISBN:
9780191599606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246998.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book examines the development of Russia's current federal system of government from its Soviet origins, through Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms, to the presidencies of Boris Yeltsin and the early ... More


Conclusions

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Of the four transformations outlined in Ch. 6, two of the four had, by the end of the 1980s, been successful beyond the dreams of Soviet dissidents and of the most optimistic Western observers at the ... More


From Reform to Transformation

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

in Russia's Stillborn Democracy?: From Gorbachev to Yeltsin

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240418
eISBN:
9780191599347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240418.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Following the adoption of a programme for political transformation at the XIX Conference, Gorbachev and those around him set about trying to translate it into practice. But the effect of this ... More


The Attempt at Liberalization

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

in Russia's Stillborn Democracy?: From Gorbachev to Yeltsin

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240418
eISBN:
9780191599347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240418.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

On achieving power, Gorbachev initially sought to introduce a range of political and economic measures that would remedy the system's problems without fundamentally changing its structure. However, ... More


State and Class the Russian Revolution

David Armstrong

in Revolution and World Order: The Revolutionary State in International Society

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198275282
eISBN:
9780191598739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198275285.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

International society in the nineteenth century witnessed the assertion of special rights for great powers and some strengthening of the Westphalian bases of international order in the Concert of ... More


Heroic Aspirations in 1990

Mary Elise Sarotte

in 1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163710
eISBN:
9781400852307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163710.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses former Secretary General Mikhail Gorbachev's challenge to his own original plan: a heroic model of multinationalism. Gorbachev dropped the restoration concept entirely and ... More


The Russian Parliament: Institutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999

Thomas F. Remington

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084986
eISBN:
9780300129762
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084986.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

From the first free elections in post-Soviet Russia in 1989 to the end of the Yeltsin period in 1999, Russia's parliament was the site of great political upheavals. Conflicts between communists and ... More


Russia's Stillborn Democracy?: From Gorbachev to Yeltsin

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240418
eISBN:
9780191599347
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240418.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The period since Gorbachev came to power has been a tumultuous time for Russia. It has seen the expectations raised by Gorbachev's efforts to bring about change in the Soviet Union dashed, the ... More


If a Wall Fell in Berlin and Moscow Hardly Noticed, Would It Still Make a Noise?

William Taubman and Svetlana Savranskaya

in The Fall of the Berlin Wall: The Revolutionary Legacy of 1989

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199832446
eISBN:
9780190254490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199832446.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the reaction of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. It considers why Gorbachev reacted the way he did, particularly with respect to the ... More


Gorbachev's Constitutional Reforms

Thomas F. Remington

in The Russian Parliament: Institutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084986
eISBN:
9780300129762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084986.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

The collapse of communist rule in the Soviet Union and the eventual breakup of the union state itself had profound implications not only for the nation but also for the world. Neither Mikhail ... More


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