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Just War

Simon Caney

in Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780198293507
eISBN:
9780191602337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829350X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The aim of this chapter is to analyse a number of prominent views concerning the nature of a just war and, having criticized them, to outline the account of a just war that follows from a ... More


Equality in Post‐Modern Times

Michael Rustin

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Michael Rustin examines Michael Walzer's theory of justice against the background of significant currents in modern socio‐philosophical thought. He argues that Walzer's attempt to revitalize the ... More


Complex Justice, Cultural Difference, and Political Community

Joseph H. Carens

in Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297680
eISBN:
9780191598937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297688.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Uses Michael Walzer's Spheres of Justice as a vehicle for reflecting on the problem of universalism and relativism, with particular attention to the question of the moral relevance of cultural ... More


Distinguishing State from Community: Michael Walzer’s Communitarian ‘View from the Cave’

Toni Erskine

in Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Duties to Strangers and Enemies in a World of 'Dislocated Communities'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264379
eISBN:
9780191734410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264379.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses communitarian political thought and the work of Michael Walzer. It explores the normative significance of distinguishing the idea of the morally constitutive community from the ... More


Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

David Miller and Michael Walzer (eds)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The book contains a series of critical appraisals by political theorists of Michael Walzer's book Spheres of Justice. The main ideas of Walzer's work are summarized in the introduction, and Walzer ... More


Against ‘Complex’ Equality

Richard J. Arneson

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Richard Arneson argues that Michael Walzer's theory of complex equality is not sufficiently egalitarian, as it permits any degree of inequality. Arneson claims that David Miller's reinterpretation of ... More


Introduction

David Miller

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

David Miller outlines the central ideas of Michael Walzer's Spheres of Justice, focusing on the notions of political community, social goods, and complex equality. He critically examines Walzer's ... More


Spherical Justice and Global Injustice

Brian Barry

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Brian Barry examines the idea that the demands of justice in a given society can be ascertained by interpreting the shared understandings of the meanings of the goods that are to be distributed. ... More


Money and Complex Equality

Jeremy Waldron

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Jeremy Waldron argues that Michael Walzer's theory of justice mischaracterizes money's influence on social meanings. Waldron argues that the correct conception of money reveals that Walzer is ... More


Relativism, Universalism, and Walzer

Charles Jones

in Global Justice: Defending Cosmopolitanism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242221
eISBN:
9780191697067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242221.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The challenges to cosmopolitan justice that this chapter considers come from relativist ethical views, and the ideas of Michael Walzer, who has recognised both the validity of universal norms and the ... More


Complex Equality

David Miller

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

David Miller explores and develops Michael Walzer's notion of complex equality as a way of bringing together the potentially conflicting ideas of distributive justice and social equality. He examines ... More


Blocked Exchanges: A Taxonomy

Judith Andre

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Judith Andre examines the issue of the scope of the market. She offers a framework for thinking about the issue of blocked exchanges that draws upon concepts of ownership, alienation, and the impact ... More


Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies: The Historical Background

Nader Hashemi

in Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy: Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195321241
eISBN:
9780199869831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321241.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter provides a historical context through which to examine the struggle for democracy in Muslim societies. It re‐examines the relationship between religion and political development through ... More


Taking Consequences Seriously: Objections to Humanitarian Intervention

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Outlines and evaluates the political, legal, and ethical objections to humanitarian intervention. In so doing, it questions not only whether the doctrine of ‘sovereignty as responsibility’ has taken ... More


Limiting Sovereignty

Henry Shue

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Employs historical analysis and philosophical reasoning to argue that sovereignty is inherently limited. The writings of classical theorists such as Grotius and Vattel indicate that aspirations to ... More


Introduction

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter outlines the empirical context of the debate over reparations for historic international injustice, with particular reference to colonialism and the slave trade. It ... More


Nuclear Deterrence and Reliance on Harm

F. M. Kamm

in The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter studies one aspect of the concept of “cold war”, particularly the issues raised by Michael Walzer and Paul Ramsey about whether it is allowable to rely on the possibility of harm to ... More


Humanitarian Intervention, Consent, and Proportionality

Jeff McMahan

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

One of the central issues raised by Jonathan Glover's study of atrocities in the twentieth century is when it can be permissible, or indeed obligatory, to use military force to stop or to prevent ... More


The Market’s Place and Scope in Contemporary Egalitarian Political Theory

Debra Satz

in Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195311594
eISBN:
9780199870714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311594.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines two prominent but divergent contemporary views about the relationship between markets and equality. On the first view, while markets have an important role to play in society, ... More


1. War without Morality

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter critically examines realism—the view that international relations can be explained solely as the pursuit of power. Two kinds of realism are distinguished: all-out and partial realism. ... More


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