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Evidential Arguments from Evil, against the Existence of God

Bruce Langtry

in God, the Best, and Evil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter attacks four recent, representative evidential arguments: Michael Tooley's, William L. Rowe's, and J. L. Schellenberg's, and an argument from horrific evils, arising from Chapter 6. ... More


Time

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Truthmaker and other arguments are presented to show the implausibility, at least, of Presentism (only the present exists) and the more plausible Growing Block theory (the past exists but not the ... More


Universals: Laws Grounded in Nature

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Laws and Symmetry

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248606
eISBN:
9780191597459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248601.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Universals accounts of laws of nature begin with a robust anti‐nominalism: there are real properties and relations that are to be distinguished from sets or arbitrary classifications. Those real ... More


Killing John to Save Mary: A Defense of the Moral Distinction between Killing and Letting Die

Helen Frowe

in Action, Ethics, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014731
eISBN:
9780262289276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014731.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents an argument in opposition to that presented by Michael Tooley; Tooley’s argument states that initiating a causal process is morally equivalent to refraining from interfering in ... More


Laws of Nature

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Once one has ‘sparse’ universals it is natural to think that an account of laws of nature can be given in terms of relations between these universals. Fred Dretske, Michael Tooley, and myself all ... More


Killing and Letting Die

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the moral relevance of a distinction between killing and letting die, which distinction is sometimes morally critical, as shown in the difference between killing one to save five and ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


Alternatives to Impersonal Approaches: Birthrights and Role-Based Duties

David Benatar

in Debating Procreation: Is It Wrong to Reproduce?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199333547
eISBN:
9780190249571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333547.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the second source of procreative constraints introduced in the previous chapter based on duties to future children that are roughly “birthright” or “role-based” duties ... More


Abortion

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190225575
eISBN:
9780190225605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190225575.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter starts off by asking the question of whether it is morally permissible for a woman to have an abortion when she feels that she doesn’t want to take care of her unborn child. The two ... More


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