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 The Fiber Institute: 1920–1923

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Fritz Haber hired Polanyi to work in the Fiber Chemistry Group of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin. Polanyi helped develop the rotating-crystal method of X-ray crystallography, made solid ... More


Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Michael Polanyi (1891–1976) was born to a Viennese family living in Hungary. After obtaining a medical degree, he served in the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I, then chose Austrian citizenship ... More


A Narrow Margin of Hope: Leo Szilard in the Founding Days of CARA

William Lanouette

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter focuses on physicist Leo Szilard. Born in Budapest but living and working in Berlin from 1920 to 1933, Szilard was quick to recognize the dangers posed by the Nazis. By July 1932, he ... More


Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Mary Jo Nye

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book investigates the role that Michael Polanyi and several of his contemporaries played in the emergence of the social turn in the philosophy of science. This turn involved seeing science as a ... More


Chemical Dynamics and Social Dynamics in Berlin and Manchester

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the collaborative work between Polanyi and Eyring, which made an enduring contribution in defining and defending the use of the “semi-empirical method” in theoretical ... More


Everything Except Science II

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

in Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter further examines Phase II of the Wedge Strategy and progresses to Phase III, “Cultural Confrontation and Renewal.” It opens with an analysis of the Discovery Institute’s use of ... More


Transformative Learning Through Deliberation: Social Assumptions and the Tacit Dimension *

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter takes up an essential contention of deliberative democracy, namely the idea that citizens can improve their communicative competencies in ways that lead to self-transformative learning. ... More


Perceptions of Science and Global Order

Or Rosenboim

in The Emergence of Globalism: Visions of World Order in Britain and the United States, 1939-1950

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691168722
eISBN:
9781400885237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168722.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines how globalism intersected with competing perceptions of “science” in the 1940s as part of a political project to construct a new and better world order, often under American or ... More


Science and Mystery

ANDREW LOUTH

in Discerning the Mystery: An Essay on the Nature of Theology

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198261964
eISBN:
9780191682261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198261964.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents an essay about the most significant attempts in recent years to rethink the notion of theology as a science and thus elucidate the question of theological method. It describes ... More


Introduction

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book argues that the origins of this new social conception of science lie in a historical period considerably earlier than that of the 1960s. The roots are to be found in the scientific culture ... More


Introduction

Gareth Dale

in Karl Polanyi: A Life on the Left

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231176088
eISBN:
9780231541480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176088.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Survey of Karl Polanyi's life and character, and his membership of the 'great generation' of Hungarian intellectuals.


In Defense of Dwelling in Great Minds: A Few Quotations from Michael Polanyi’s The Study of Man

Daniel B. Klein

in Knowledge and Coordination: A Liberal Interpretation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199355327
eISBN:
9780190261313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199355327.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter contains passages from Michael Polanyi’s book The Study of Man, published in 1963. One of the passages states that in order to contemplate a person as an ideal is to submit to his ... More


The Nature and Pedigree of Dark Matter

Daniel L. Everett

in Dark Matter of the Mind: The Culturally Articulated Unconscious

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226070766
eISBN:
9780226401430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401430.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter defines dark matter and traces the idea’s development. It begins with an overview of the sorts of knowledge which can make up the dark matter, the division of these types of knowledge ... More


Knowledge and Coordination: A Liberal Interpretation

Daniel B. Klein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199355327
eISBN:
9780190261313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199355327.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Adam Smith and Friedrich Hayek saw the liberty principle as focal and accorded it strong presumption, but their wisdom invokes how little we can know. This book re-examines the elements of economic ... More


Beyond Visual and Verbal Thinking

Laura Otis

in Rethinking Thought: Inside the Minds of Creative Scientists and Artists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190213466
eISBN:
9780190271701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190213466.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines thinking that can’t be classified as verbal or visual and might better be described as bodily–kinesthetic, algorithmic, musical, or emotional. It depicts the mental worlds of ... More


Joy and the Matrix of Concatenate and Mutual

Daniel B. Klein

in Knowledge and Coordination: A Liberal Interpretation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199355327
eISBN:
9780190261313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199355327.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter provides a taxonomy concerning social order and well-being. It distinguishes between “spontaneous order”, which is associated with Adam Smith, Friedrich Hayek, and Michael Polanyi, and ... More


Conclusion: The Genealogy of Globalism

Or Rosenboim

in The Emergence of Globalism: Visions of World Order in Britain and the United States, 1939-1950

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691168722
eISBN:
9781400885237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168722.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter concludes that the book has shown that the mid-century globalist discourse was distinctly political: visions of world order sought to adapt political ideas like democracy, liberty, ... More


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