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Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Andrew Clarke

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Temperature affects everything. It influences all aspects of the physical environment and governs any process that involves a flow of energy, setting boundaries on what an organism can or cannot do. ... More


Shinjuku 新宿‎: Messy Urbanism at the Metabolic Crossroads

Ken Tadashi Oshima

in Messy Urbanism: Understanding the "Other" Cities of Asia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208333
eISBN:
9789888313471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208333.003.0006
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural Theory and Criticism

The multifarious, multi-layered urban structure of Tokyo, building on the historical and geological underpinnings of Edo, challenges western models of orderly urban planning. Rather than following a ... More


The Chemistry of Life

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter introduces some basic concepts from chemistry and biology that are often at the heart of various approaches to artificial chemistries. It starts with the problem of how to define life, ... More


The Small Molecules of Life

Eugene H. Cordes

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199337149
eISBN:
9780197562864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199337149.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

All life on Earth is unified. Life may have flickered into being, only to be subsequently extinguished, many times during the early days of our planet’s evolution. But ... More


Proteins Perform Multiple Functions: Enzymes, Receptors, Ion Channel Proteins

Eugene H. Cordes

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199337149
eISBN:
9780197562864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199337149.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

As emphasized in the preceding chapter, there are an unimaginably large number of possible protein structures based on the sequence of amino acids along the amino acid ... More


Climate Forcing at the Arctic LTER Site

John E. Hobbie and Neil Bettez

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The Arctic LTER site is located at 68º38'N and 149º43'W, at an elevation of 760 m in the northern foothills of the Brooks Range, Alaska. The location, 208 ... More


Tange Lab and Biopolitics: From the Geopolitics of the Living Sphere to the Nervous System of the Nation

Yuriko Furuhata

in Beyond Imperial Aesthetics: Theories of Art and Politics in East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9789888455874
eISBN:
9789882204294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888455874.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter theorizes an afterlife of Imperial Japan's biological metaphors of lifeworld and circulation in the work of Japanese architect Tange Kenzō and his associates who came to form the ... More


Conclusion: Labour, class, environments and anthropology

Penny McCall Howard

in Environment, Labour and Capitalism at Sea: Working the Ground' in Scotland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784994143
eISBN:
9781526128478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994143.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The conclusion focusses on the importance of considering labour, production and capitalism in anthropological analysis. In contrast, a focus on consumption can result in the ‘enchantment of things’ – ... More


Bare Life and Philosophical Life in Aristotle, Spinoza, and Heidegger

Miguel Vatter

in The Republic of the Living: Biopolitics and the Critique of Civil Society

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256013
eISBN:
9780823261291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256013.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the relation between biological and political life is discussed in light of the ideal of a philosophical life as a life that approximates a materialist, anti-spiritualist conception ... More


What Do Organisms Depend On?: Bodies, Selves, and Internal Worlds

Kriti Sharma

in Interdependence: Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265527
eISBN:
9780823266913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265527.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Four assumptions regarding organisms are critically examined: the intuition that organisms have distinct spatial boundaries and temporal continuity; the intuition that organisms are selves and/or ... More


Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary science is critical for an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognized as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. Advances in the ... More


Nutritional and Metabolic Adaptation

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The bulk of human evolution occurred in a nutritional milieu very different from the modern one, and the human genotype was selected to be well adapted to that milieu. There is a rising incidence of ... More


Torpor and hibernation

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A diurnal (circadian) rhythm in body temperature is a widespread, and possibly universal, feature of endotherms. Some mammals and birds down-regulate their metabolic rate significantly by night, ... More


The Metabolic Theory of Ecology

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The model of West, Brown & Enquist (WBE) is built on the assumption that the metabolic rate of cells is determined by the architecture of the vascular network that supplies them with oxygen and ... More


Enzyme Genetic Programming

Michael A. Lones and Andy M. Tyrrell

in Cellular Computing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195155396
eISBN:
9780197561942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195155396.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Programming is a process of optimization; taking a specification, which tells us what we want, and transforming it into an implementation, a program, which causes the target system to do exactly ... More


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