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Evolution of bird flight

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Bird flight began to evolve some 150 million years ago. This chapter discusses typical structures of the oldest bird-like fossils of Archaeopteryx. Conflicting scenarios — the arborial and cursorial ... More


Introduction

Richard P. Hilton

in Dinosaurs and Other Mesozoic Reptiles of California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233157
eISBN:
9780520928459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233157.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book explores the Mesozoic reptile fossil discoveries made in California. It describes the fossils and what they tell about the animals that they were a part of, and it chronicles the efforts of ... More


Geologic History

Richard P. Hilton

in Dinosaurs and Other Mesozoic Reptiles of California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233157
eISBN:
9780520928459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233157.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides a history of the tectonic processes in Mesozoic California and discusses the marine depositional setting in which Mesozoic reptiles were fossilized. It covers the three periods ... More


The Dinosauria

David Weishampel (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242098
eISBN:
9780520941434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242098.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This revised edition of this book continues in the same vein as the first but encompasses recent spectacular discoveries that have continued to revolutionize this field. A thorough scientific view of ... More


Dinosaurs and Other Mesozoic Reptiles of California

Richard Hilton

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233157
eISBN:
9780520928459
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233157.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

One of the most geologically complex and diverse states California spent much of the age of dinosaurs under water. While most of the fossils found in the state are those of reptiles that lived in the ... More


The Sauropods: Evolution and Paleobiology

Kristina Curry Rogers (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246232
eISBN:
9780520932333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246232.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sauropod dinosaurs were the largest animals ever to walk the earth, and they represent a substantial portion of vertebrate biomass and biodiversity during the Mesozoic Era. The story of sauropod ... More


Putting Great Guania and the Isles of Yesteryear

James Lazell

in Island: Fact and Theory in Nature

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243521
eISBN:
9780520931596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243521.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Heatwole and MacKenzie were describing a great island, occupying the entire area of what others call the Puerto Rico Bank today. No people ever saw the great island documented by Heatwole and ... More


Paleogene Radiations

Hernán López-Fernández and James S. Albert

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268685
eISBN:
9780520948501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268685.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter evaluates the central role of Paleogene geological and climactic events on the early diversification of the dominant fish clades. It reviews evidence for the hypothesis that Paleocene ... More


The Flying Reptiles

Richard P. Hilton

in Dinosaurs and Other Mesozoic Reptiles of California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233157
eISBN:
9780520928459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233157.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the Mesozoic flying reptiles—the pterosaurus and the birds. Pterosaur fossils have been found in marine sedimentary rocks, floodplain deposits, and some far from the shore, ... More


The Marine Reptiles

Richard P. Hilton

in Dinosaurs and Other Mesozoic Reptiles of California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233157
eISBN:
9780520928459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233157.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Reptiles in the past adapted to a marine life, and in some cases, these animals adapted to a permanent oceanic experience. The less evolved forms returned to the beaches to lay eggs, but the more ... More


The Northern Provinces

Richard P. Hilton

in Dinosaurs and Other Mesozoic Reptiles of California

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233157
eISBN:
9780520928459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233157.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The northern provinces encompass all of California north of the Transverse Ranges, which dissect the state in an east-west fashion just north of the Los Angeles Basin. This chapter deals with the ... More


Historical Processes That Shaped California

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

The geological history of California provides the basis for its present geological complexity. The position of California along the continental margin gives a physical context that began when the ... More


Evolutionary History

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the long evolutionary history of the cartilaginous fishes. Topics covered include the sharks and chimaeras of the Paleozoic era (species diversification, Early Paleozoic ... More


The Biography of the Earth: Mesozoic Era

Elisabeth Ervin-Blankenheim

in Song of the Earth: Understanding Geology and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197502464
eISBN:
9780197502495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502464.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

The story of the Phanerozoic Eon continues in this chapter with the Mesozoic Era. The first period in the Mesozoic, the Triassic, was bookended by two extinction events, the one at the beginning, ... More


From Cambrian Explosion to First FarmersHow Climate Made Us Human

Anthony McMichael

in Climate Change and the Health of Nations: Famines, Fevers, and the Fate of Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190262952
eISBN:
9780197559581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190262952.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

Details Blur As We peer back through millions of years, but the outline of the story is clear enough. During the past 2– 3 million years, our hominin forebears had to cope with an increasingly ... More


Getting Dirty: What Charcoal Can tell us

Andrew C. Scott

in Burning Planet: The Story of Fire Through Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198734840
eISBN:
9780191916847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198734840.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

Most of us are familiar with charcoal from sketching with it at school, or using charcoal bricks for a barbecue. You will have noticed that it got your hands dirty, that it is brittle, and that it ... More


Kindling

Andrew C. Scott

in Burning Planet: The Story of Fire Through Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198734840
eISBN:
9780191916847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198734840.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

What does it take to make a fire? The factors underlying fire can be illustrated with a triangle, and five fire triangles, relevant to different scales in area and time, have been defined. Let’s ... More


Fire, Flowers, and Dinosaurs

Andrew C. Scott

in Burning Planet: The Story of Fire Through Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198734840
eISBN:
9780191916847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198734840.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

The Mesozoic Era is the geological interval comprising the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous Periods, and it is best known for the rise and fall of the dinosaurs. The Mesozoic began around 250 ... More


Fire and the Coming of the Modern World

Andrew C. Scott

in Burning Planet: The Story of Fire Through Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198734840
eISBN:
9780191916847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198734840.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

What kind of world dawned after the K/P boundary? We know from studies across localities in the USA that there is evidence of frequent wildfires continuing into the earliest Paleogene. But what ... More


Frameworks for Europe’s Past

T. Douglas Price

in Europe before Rome: A Site-by-Site Tour of the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199914708
eISBN:
9780197563267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199914708.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

This book is about the prehistoric archaeology of Europe—the lives and deaths of peoples and cultures—about how we became human; the rise of hunters; the birth and growth of society; the emergence ... More


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