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Inventing God's Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi

David P. Wright

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195304756
eISBN:
9780199866830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304756.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Most scholars believe that the numerous similarities between the Covenant Code (Exodus 20:23–23:19) and Mesopotamian law collections, especially the Laws of Hammurabi, which date to around 1750 BCE, ... More


Pre-Diasporic Arabic in the Diaspora: A Statistical Approach to Arabic Language History

Jonathan Owens

in A Linguistic History of Arabic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199290826
eISBN:
9780191710469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290826.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Whereas the previous chapter examined only classical sources, this chapter turns exclusively to the dialects. Forty-nine features, 25 morphological, and 24 phonological in two Arabic dialect areas ... More


Imala

Jonathan Owens

in A Linguistic History of Arabic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199290826
eISBN:
9780191710469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290826.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter shows that a process of vowel harmony termed imala, which was described in great detail by Sibawaih, is attested in various manifestations in four post-diasporic regions: Spain, Malta, ... More


Wedding Garments and Holy Yokes: Celibacy and Holiness in Aphrahat, the Persian Sage

Naomi Koltun-Fromm

in Hermeneutics of Holiness: Ancient Jewish and Christian Notions of Sexuality and Religious Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736485
eISBN:
9780199866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736485.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the fourth-century Syriac Christian writer Aphrahat, known as the “Persian Sage” and his construct of holiness and celibacy. Aphrahat, who administered to the small ... More


Myth as historia divina and historia sacra

Jan Assmann

in Scriptural Exegesis: The Shapes of Culture and the Religious Imagination: Essays in Honour of Michael Fishbane

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199206575
eISBN:
9780191709678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206575.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Taking Fishbane's groundbreaking methodological work in biblical mythology, this chapter explores the possibility of applying these insights to a range of non-Israelite historical and mythological ... More


The Voice of the Land: Lamentations

JILL MIDDLEMAS

in The Troubles of Templeless Judah

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283866
eISBN:
9780191603457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283869.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter turns to Lamentations as it is most widely regarded as stemming from Templeless Judah. Of the five poems in the book, chapters 1, 2, 4, and 5 have the greatest claim to belong to ... More


Ancient Divination and Experience

Lindsay G. Driediger-Murphy and Esther Eidinow (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198844549
eISBN:
9780191880032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844549.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, European History: BCE to 500CE

The introduction to this volume describes the contribution that it makes to scholarship on ancient divinatory practices. It analyses previous and current research, arguing that while this ... More


Diverting the Stream of Tradition:: Reinventing the Flood Myth

J. David Pleins

in When the Great Abyss Opened: Classic and Contemporary Readings of Noah's Flood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199733637
eISBN:
9780199852505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733637.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Redirecting the stream of tradition when analyzing the version of the flood story told in the Bible could possibly account for the Bible's uniqueness and connectedness if one looks into the influence ... More


Exemplars of Kingship: Art, Tradition, and the Legacy of the Akkadians

Melissa Eppihimer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190903015
eISBN:
9780190903046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190903015.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, History of Art: pre-history, BCE to 500CE, ancient and classical, Byzantine

The Akkadian kings (ca. 2334–2154 BCE) created the first territorial state in the ancient Near East and were remembered as model kings for more than two millennia thereafter. Exemplars of Kingship: ... More


Gertrude Bell and the Ottoman Empire

Peter Sluglett

Paul Collins and Charles Tripp (eds)

in Gertrude Bell and Iraq: A life and legacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780197266076
eISBN:
9780191851469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266076.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Gertrude Bell was the only senior member of the Mesopotamian Administration to have had any significant experience of the Ottoman Empire before the First World War. Percy Cox had spent most of his ... More


Gertrude Bell in the Archive of the Iraq Museum

Lamia Al-Gailani Werr

Paul Collins and Charles Tripp (eds)

in Gertrude Bell and Iraq: A life and legacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780197266076
eISBN:
9780191851469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266076.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History

It is unfortunate that most of what is written and researched on Gertrude Bell tends to give a scant or short account of her work on the Antiquities Department. Most of the documents on her work in ... More


Tracking the Master Scribe: Revision through Introduction in Biblical and Mesopotamian Literature

Sara J. Milstein

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190205393
eISBN:
9780190205416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205393.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In the ancient Near East, “master scribes”—those who had the authority to produce and revise literature—regularly modified their texts in the course of transmission. One of the most effective ... More


The Formation of Genesis 1-11: Biblical and Other Precursors

David M. Carr

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190062545
eISBN:
9780190062576
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190062545.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

There is general agreement that study of the formation of the Pentateuch is currently in disarray. This book turns to the Genesis Primeval History, Genesis 1–11, to offer models for the formation of ... More


The Cradle of Exotica

Karen Polinger Foster

in Strange and Wonderful: Exotic Flora and Fauna in Image and Imagination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190672539
eISBN:
9780190672560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672539.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the role of exotica in the Mesopotamian mind. By 1875, The Epic of Gilgamesh had begun to emerge from the thousands of clay tablet fragments freshly unearthed in the remains of ... More


Outline for a Diplomatics of Mesopotamian Documents

in Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101583
eISBN:
9780226101590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101590.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the documents from the Mesopotamian archives. It describes the conditions of their transmissions and evaluates the contribution of diplomatics to Assyriological studies. It ... More


Iconography of the Encircling Ocean

Karen C. Pinto

in Medieval Islamic Maps: An Exploration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226126968
eISBN:
9780226127019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127019.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cartography

Chapter Five, “Iconography of the Encircling Ocean” is the first of three chapters that focus on the Encircling Ocean form in the world maps. The goal of the three chapters collectively is to conduct ... More


“One Shekel of Your Private Silver”

Joe Carlen

in A Brief History of Entrepreneurship: The Pioneers, Profiteers, and Racketeers Who Shaped Our World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231173049
eISBN:
9780231542814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231173049.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

What role did the entrepreneur play in shaping Ancient Mesopotamia, the “cradle of civilization”? This chapter demonstrates how the entrepreneurial drive transformed this pagan Middle Eastern ... More


Origins of the Stoning Punishment

Sarah Eltantawi

in Shari'ah on Trial: Northern Nigeria's Islamic Revolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520293779
eISBN:
9780520967144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293779.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores the deepest layer of the sunnaic paradigm, the Islamic legal history of the stoning punishment. This chapter contrasts the stoning punishment’s perceived stability and ... More


Derivatives and options

Peter Richmond, Jürgen Mimkes, and Stefan Hutzler

in Econophysics and Physical Economics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199674701
eISBN:
9780191780066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674701.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter traces the origins of the use of derivatives to the era of Mesopotamian farmers and compares it to similar transactions widely used by businesses today. Mesopotamian farmers routinely ... More


Epilogue Early Sumerian Societies: A Research Agenda

in Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226013770
eISBN:
9780226013787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013787.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This epilogue summarizes the major evidentiary problems that hinder our comprehension of the full range of factors at play at the time of the emergence of early Mesopotamian civilization, and that ... More


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