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 Mental Maladies

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows that the book’s account of malady generates the objective account of mental disorders that has been included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) from ... More


Profession of the Book

Owen Whooley

in On the Heels of Ignorance: Psychiatry and the Politics of Not Knowing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226616247
eISBN:
9780226616414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616414.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the current era of “diagnostic psychiatry” by comparing two revisions to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – the widely heralded “paradigm shift” ... More


How a Focus on Learning Mechanisms Can Change Our Understanding of Mental Disorders

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The last chapter summarizes the previous findings and suggests that focusing on learning mechanisms can help to appreciate the malleability and diversity of human behavior. It is suggested that ... More


Introduction

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In the introduction, a philosophically informed concept of mental disorders is presented. In order to define a clinically relevant mental malady, it suggests to focus on functional impairments ... More


Psychiatric nosology and cognitive enhancement

Dan J. Stein

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

There has been renewed interest in psychiatric classification, with the recent development of the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the 11th edition of ... More


Mental Illness

Jesse S. Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Clean Hands: Philosophical Lessons from Scrupulosity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190058692
eISBN:
9780190058722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190058692.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Scrupulosity is a mental illness. This is not determined simply by inclusion in or exclusion from the current DSM. The features that characterize Scrupulosity needn’t be disordered, and this chapter ... More


Serotonergic Neurotransmission and Its Role in Negative Affect

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

While dopaminergic neurotransmission has largely been implicated in reinforcement learning and model-based versus model-free decision making, serotonergic neurotransmission has been implicated in ... More


“Reclaiming the White Daughter’s Purity”: The Passage of the 1975 Abortion and Sterilization Act

Susanne M. Klausen

in Abortion Under Apartheid: Nationalism, Sexuality, and Women's Reproductive Rights in South Africa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199844494
eISBN:
9780190258122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844494.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter analyzes the legislative process that culminated in the passage of South Africa’s first statutory law on abortion, The Abortion and Sterilization Act (1975). It shows that by the early ... More


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