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Plato's Ethics

Terence Irwin

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195086454
eISBN:
9780199833306
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195086457.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book is an evolution of Plato’s Moral Theory where Irwin presented for the first time his personal interpretation of Plato’s ethics. The aim of this book is to demonstrate that Plato’s rejection ... More


Indifference readings: Plato and the Stoa on Socratic ethics

Mary Margaret McCabe

in Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263235
eISBN:
9780191734328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263235.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In trying to understand Plato, this chapter suggests that Plato himself may be used as a guide to reading Plato, and that such a guide does indeed lead to a philosophical destination of which the ... More


Classical Varieties

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Preexistence is associated with both Pythagoras and Orpheus, however. Plato is the most important classical source for ideas about pre-existence, writing about it in Phaedo, Meno, Phaedrus, Republic, ... More


Knowing Full Well

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explains the nature of knowledge through an approach originated by the author years ago, known as virtue epistemology. The book provides a comprehensive account of the author's views on ... More


Value Matters in Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter takes up how value matters in epistemology, and considers the Meno problem (“In what way is knowledge better than merely true belief?”) as to the content and plausibility of the claim ... More


Introduction

Katja Maria Vogt

in Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

How do philosophers in the Socratic tradition think about doxa, belief? It is argued that belief is, for Plato's Socrates as as well as for the skeptics and Stoics, a deficient cognitive attitude. On ... More


Epistemic Value

Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, and Duncan Pritchard (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains a collection of chapters on value in epistemology. Two themes loom large. One is about the value of knowledge. There are problems deriving from Plato's Meno concerning whether ... More


The Paradox in the Meno and Aristotle's Attempts to Resolve It

David Charles

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter analyses the paradox of enquiry in the Meno as grounded in a failure fully to separate definitional accounts of what terms signify and definitions of the basic natures of kinds or ... More


The Stoics on Definitions

Paolo Crivelli

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

Definitions were very important for the Stoics, even though they hesitated as to where the theory of definition should be located within their system of philosophical disciplines: some (probably ... More


Sceptical Enquiry

Gail Fine

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

In PH 2.1-10, Sextus considers a paradox of sceptical inquiry, according to which sceptics can't inquire. He explains how sceptics can inquire, and argues that it's the dogmatists who can't inquire. ... More


Introduction

Alan Millar, Adrian Haddock, and Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The themes of the book—the value of knowledge and epistemic appraisal broadly conceived—are introduced in this chapter. The Meno problem is explained and related to the swamping problem as discussed ... More


Virtue in the Cave: Moral Inquiry in Plato's Meno

Roslyn Weiss

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140767
eISBN:
9780199833849
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140761.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Offers an interpretation of Plato's Meno that seeks to illuminate the particularly “therapeutic” philosophy that Socrates practices. It argues that the Meno, rather than constituting a bridge between ... More


INTRODUCTION

David Bostock

in Plato’s Theaetetus

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239307
eISBN:
9780191679889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239307.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the chronology of Plato' dialogues. It then goes on to compare the Theaetetus and the Sophist, followed by an analysis of the Meno. Finally, the ... More


. Canons or Cannons?: On Mobilizing Global Democracy

Fred Dallmayr

in In Search of the Good Life: A Pedogogy for Troubled Times

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124575
eISBN:
9780813134994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124575.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses a clue found in Plato's Meno which indicates that people can learn only what they implicitly already know and that teaching is a kind of mutual disclosure. It asks whether it ... More


Knowing Full Well

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the epistemic normativity that constitutes our knowledge. It introduces two of Plato's best-known dialogues, which are both inquiries about knowledge. The Theaetetus inquires ... More


The Struggle Over Definition

Roslyn Weiss

in Virtue in the Cave: Moral Inquiry in Plato's Meno

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140767
eISBN:
9780199833849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140761.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Socrates insists on the “priority of definition,” shifting the focus of the discussion away from Meno's preoccupation with how virtue is acquired to the question of what virtue is. In the ensuing ... More


Impasse, Paradox, and the Myth of Learning by Recollection

Roslyn Weiss

in Virtue in the Cave: Moral Inquiry in Plato's Meno

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140767
eISBN:
9780199833849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140761.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Having failed to produce a satisfactory definition of virtue, Meno suddenly recalls having heard that Socrates is a perplexed man himself who causes perplexity in others. He likens Socrates to a ... More


The Slave‐Boy: Learning by Demonstration

Roslyn Weiss

in Virtue in the Cave: Moral Inquiry in Plato's Meno

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140767
eISBN:
9780199833849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140761.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In the slave‐boy demonstration, Socrates teaches the slave boy which line it is in an original square upon which a new square, double the size of the first, is constructed. The instruction is ... More


The Road to Larisa: Knowledge, True Opinion, and Eudoxia

Roslyn Weiss

in Virtue in the Cave: Moral Inquiry in Plato's Meno

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140767
eISBN:
9780199833849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140761.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Socrates reluctantly turns from his preferred question of what virtue is to Meno's preferred question of the teachability of virtue – a question that Socrates would surely never have permitted to ... More


Socratic Method and Socratic Ethics: The Meno

Terence Irwin

in Plato's Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195086454
eISBN:
9780199833306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195086457.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The core argument of chapter 9 is the thesis that the epistemological distinction between knowledge and beliefs introduced in the Meno plays a crucial role in the consideration of virtues. Thanks to ... More


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