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Genetic Heresy and the Cold War

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the outlawing of Mendelian genetics in the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and the emergence of Lysenkoism. Led by Trofim Denisovich Lysenko and supported by the Communist ... More


The Type and the Gaze: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876–1918

Amos Morris-Reich

in Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter One reconstructs the use of racial photography as scientific evidence between 1876 and 1922. It commences with the Dammann brothers' Atlas, in which “racial type” photographs illustrate races ... More


Order from Order, or Life According to Software

Wendy Hui Kyong Chun

in Programmed Visions: Software and Memory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015424
eISBN:
9780262295215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015424.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines the significance of Mendelian genetics and biopower in the development of software and related source code, revealing that early studies in genetics and eugenics have had a ... More


Historicizing the Synthesis: Critical Insights and Pivotal Moments in the Long History of Evolutionary Theory

Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This paper focuses on pivotal moments in the long history of evolutionary biology in the way of understanding some of the major developments leading to the synthetic theory of evolution. It tracks ... More


Introduction: The Exclusion of Soft (“Lamarckian”) Inheritance from the Modern Synthesis

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the Modern Synthesis of evolution that emerged between the 1920s and 1950s and persisted in the 1960s. The Modern Synthesis refers to the fusion of ideas among biologists about ... More


The foundations of evolutionary genetics

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The fields of evolutionary biology and genetics were founded as separate disciplines in the mid-1800s, largely due to the works of Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel respectively. It would, however, ... More


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