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The Mencius-Xunzi Debate in Early Confucian Ethics

Aaron Stalnaker

in Teaching Confucianism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195311600
eISBN:
9780199870707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311600.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter outlines the disagreement between Mencius and Xunzi and the deeper ethical issues these thinkers confront under this organizing principle, as they help articulate some of the most ... More


Guodian and Traditional Views of China

Holloway Kenneth W.

in Guodian: The Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese Religious and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371451
eISBN:
9780199870653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371451.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter begins by contrasting the binary logic of the Guodian text “The Five Aspects of Conduct” with the Analects of Confucius and the Mencius. This properly situates the Guodian texts as a new ... More


Rhetoric as Self-Cultivation: A Question of Language

Holloway Kenneth W.

in Guodian: The Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese Religious and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371451
eISBN:
9780199870653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371451.003.004
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter provides a nuanced study of the relationship between “The Five Aspects of Conduct” and Mencius. In “The Five Aspects of Conduct,” This chapter is an important part of self-cultivation, ... More


Social Welfare and Care

Joseph Chan

in Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158617
eISBN:
9781400848690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158617.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at how Mencius envisions a multilevel social system of provision in which the family, the village or commune, as well as the government all have specific roles to play. Social ... More


Epilogue

Loubna El Amine

in Classical Confucian Political Thought: A New Interpretation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163048
eISBN:
9781400873944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163048.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This concluding chapter reviews how the book reconstructed the political vision offered in the three Classical Confucian texts: the Analects, Mencius, and Xinzu. For a long time, the Chinese ... More


An Old Mandate for a New State: On Jiang Qing’s Political Confucianism

Bai Tongdong

in A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues in defense of Confucian politics, but rejects Jiang Qing's interpretation of Confucian constitutionalism. Jiang argues for a kind of Confucian constitutionalism that is grounded ... More


Challenging Harmony: Consistency, Conflicts, and the Status Quo

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is organized around challenges from Martha Nussbaum, Karen Stohr, and Diana Myers. Does a commitment to harmony entail an unhealthy desire for consistency and unity in one's life and ... More


The Art of Chinese Philosophy: Eight Classical Texts and How to Read Them

Paul Goldin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691200798
eISBN:
9780691200811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691200798.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book provides an unmatched introduction to eight of the most important works of classical Chinese philosophy—the Analects of Confucius, Mozi, Mencius, Laozi, Zhuangzi, Sunzi, Xunzi, and Han ... More


Confucianism and Moral Intuition

william A. Haines

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Looking mainly at the Analects, the Lǐjì, and the Mencius, this chapter argues that early Confucianism has much to show about such mechanisms. The early Confucians developed, engaged in, and promoted ... More


Mencius as Consequentialist

Manyul Im

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter lays out the reasons for trying to understand Mencius by attributing a consequentialist moral theory to him. This is meant in part as an oblique criticism of readings on which he is ... More


No Need for Hemlock: Mencius's Defense of Tradition

Franklin Perkins

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter examines the problematic intersection between reliance on tradition and demands for justification, particularly the implications of this tension for the meaning of philosophy. It ... More


A Harmonious Society

Loubna El Amine

in Classical Confucian Political Thought: A New Interpretation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163048
eISBN:
9781400873944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163048.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines how Confucians prefer a society that produces a more exalted level of order. This higher level is achieved by means of rituals, which operate as an institutional mechanism for ... More


Political Involvement

Loubna El Amine

in Classical Confucian Political Thought: A New Interpretation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163048
eISBN:
9781400873944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163048.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that involvement in politics is necessary for the full development of virtue. According to the Confucian view, a person cannot become fully virtuous in isolation from politics. ... More


Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Erica Fox Brindley

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Conventional wisdom has it that the concept of individualism was absent in early China. This book provides an important corrective to this view and persuasively argues that an idea of individualism ... More


Mencius

Paul R. Goldin

in The Art of Chinese Philosophy: Eight Classical Texts and How to Read Them

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691200798
eISBN:
9780691200811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691200798.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses Mencius. The philosopher Mencius is probably the one to have furthered the Confucian mission the most out of any other Chinese philosopher of the fourth century BC and thereby ... More


Xunzi

Paul R. Goldin

in The Art of Chinese Philosophy: Eight Classical Texts and How to Read Them

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691200798
eISBN:
9780691200811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691200798.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter turns to Xunzi, one of the most popular philosophers throughout East Asia. He has been the subject of more books published in English over the past two decades than any other Chinese ... More


A Confucian Hybrid Regime as an Answer to Democratic Problems

Tongdong Bai

in Against Political Equality: The Confucian Case

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195995
eISBN:
9780691197463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195995.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows that there are some fundamental problems with contemporary democracy, especially the ideology beneath the one person, one vote system and the inevitable consequences of it. It ... More


Compassion as the New Social Glue in the Society of Strangers

Tongdong Bai

in Against Political Equality: The Confucian Case

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195995
eISBN:
9780691197463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195995.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the key concept that early Confucians developed to address the issue of finding a new bond for an emerging “modern” society, the large and populous society of strangers, as ... More


From Self to Sage

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The traditions of Confucianism, Daoism, and their later adoption of and adaptation by Buddhism envisioned a world that, re-described in modern parlance, is composed of shifting, fractal dimensions in ... More


Growing Virtue: The Theory and Science of Developing Compassion from a Mencian Perspective

David B. Wong

in The Philosophical Challenge from China

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028431
eISBN:
9780262323628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028431.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, I reflect on the implications of Mencius’ conception of compassion for one of the most important problems that defines the Western philosophical tradition: the relationship between ... More


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