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To Be and/or Not to Be: The Objects of Meinong and Husserl

Peter Simons and David Bell

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Meinong’s theory of objects and Husserl’s formal ontology are divergent but cognate responses to Brentano’s flawed theory of intentional inexistence. While Meinong emphasized objects and their ... More


On Denoting

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter outlines Russell’s early theory of denoting in 1903, and the reasons why it should be abandoned. The new theory of 1905 contains objections to the rival views of definite descriptions due ... More


On What There Isn't

Graham Priest

in Towards Non-Being: The Logic and Metaphysics of Intentionality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199262540
eISBN:
9780191602672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262543.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Chapter 5 provides a discussion of Quine and Russell on non-existent objects. Their arguments aim to show that Meinong’s notion of such objects is incoherent. Quine’s well known argument about the ... More


Existence (1987)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Quine’s dictum that to be is to be a value of a variable is rejected on the grounds that variables range over nonexistents. Many things do not exist. This observation is consistent with actualism, ... More


Intentional Attitudes and Relations

A. N. Prior

in Objects of Thought

Published in print:
1971
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243540
eISBN:
9780191680694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243540.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

From objects of thought in the sense of ‘what we think’, this chapter now turns to objects of thought in the more natural sense of what we think of or about. It discusses ‘thinking of’ as a genuine ... More


Truth in Fiction

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Drawing on his account of possible worlds, Lewis attempts to specify the truth‐conditions for statements of the form, ‘In fiction f, Φ’. According to Lewis, such truth in fiction is the product of ... More


Intentionality and Intensionality

Mark Sainsbury

in Thinking about Things

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198803348
eISBN:
9780191841538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803348.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Intentionality is a property of mental states: their being directed on things, or about things. Intensionality is a semantic property, marked by such features as failure of truth preservation when ... More


The Pigtail of the Nineteenth Century: Determinism in the 1880s

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reports the age of scientific determinism. The most widely cited response to the education ministry came from the eminent Graz psychologist Alexius Meinong. Meinong had been a student of ... More


November 13, 1973

Saul A. Kripke

in Reference and Existence: The John Locke Lectures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199928385
eISBN:
9780199332953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928385.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Ordinary language allows for quantification over fictional and mythical entities. We can say that Hamlet exists without commitment either to a moody Danish prince or to a shadowy Meinongian entity, ... More


Intentionality Primitivism

Mark Textor

in Brentano's Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199685479
eISBN:
9780191765636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685479.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Brentano endorsed (conceptual) primitivism about intentionality and the view that intentionality is fully revealed to us in its instantiations. The pros and cons of Brentano’s view that ... More


The Nature of Existence and Non-Existence

Tim Crane

in The Objects of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682744
eISBN:
9780191762970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682744.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problem of non-existence arises because there are true claims about non-existent intentional objects; but what is the nature of such claims and when are such claims true? Two extreme answers are ... More


Nonexistence and Death

Palle Yourgrau

in Death and Nonexistence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190247478
eISBN:
9780190247492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247478.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Since, as most philosophers of death agree, death implies nonexistence (the corpse is not the dead person, who is essentially a living being), it follows that the mystery of death is due in no small ... More


Flashbacks

Mark Sainsbury

in Thinking about Things

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198803348
eISBN:
9780191841538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803348.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

‘Flashbacks’ connects themes of the book to discussions by some famous historical figures. Some of the passages quoted puzzled the author greatly when he first encountered them, but viewing them in ... More


The “Guise of the Ought-to-Be”: A Deontic View of the Intentionality of Desire

Federico Lauria

in The Nature of Desire

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199370962
eISBN:
9780199370986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370962.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

How are we to understand the intentionality of desire? According to the two classical views, desire is either a positive evaluation or a disposition to act. This essay examines these conceptions of ... More


Desires, Values and Norms

Olivier Massin

in The Nature of Desire

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199370962
eISBN:
9780199370986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370962.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The thesis defended in this essay, the “guise of the ought,” is that the formal objects of desires are norms (oughts-to-be or oughts-to-do) rather than values (as the “guise of the good” thesis has ... More


Quantification

Thomas Hofweber

in Ontology and the Ambitions of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198769835
eISBN:
9780191822650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769835.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues that quantifiers in natural language are semantically underspecified. They are polysemous, with two distinct readings: a domain conditions reading and an inferential reading. On ... More


On What There Isn’t

Graham Priest

in Towards Non-Being

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198783596
eISBN:
9780191839856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783596.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 5 provides a discussion of Quine and Russell on non-existent objects. Their arguments aim to show that Meinong’s notion of such objects is incoherent. Quine’s well known argument about the ... More


Must Anselm be Interpreted as a Meinongian?

Lynne Rudder Baker

in Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

Peter van Inwagen recently published an essay entitled “Three Versions of the Ontological Argument” (Van Inwagen 2012). The three versions he labeled “The Meinongian Version,” “The Conceptual ... More


Modality and Degrees of Truth: An Austro-Polish Sideline in Twentieth-Century Modal Thought

Peter Simons

in The Actual and the Possible: Modality and Metaphysics in Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198786436
eISBN:
9780191828751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786436.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores a third way in construing modality—rejecting both linguistic accounts and the polycosmism of possible world theory—in the work of Alexis Meinong and Jan Łukasiewicz. Some of ... More


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