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 Ritual in Japanese Zen Buddhism

T. Griffith Foulk

in Zen Ritual: Studies of Zen Theory in Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195304671
eISBN:
9780199866861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304671.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Chapter 1 summarizes the modern scholarly opinion that throughout its history, the Zen tradition rejected religious ritual as a legitimate means of carrying out its unique Buddhist mission, and ... More


Expelling Extraterritoriality: Treaty Revision in Meiji Japan and Qing China, 1860–1912

Pär Kristoffer Cassel

in Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199792054
eISBN:
9780199932573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792054.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History, World Modern History

This chapter examines how legal pluralism and extraterritoriality contributed to shape the public debate in China and Japan in the last decades of the nineteenth century. It contrasts official ... More


Excavating Extraterritoriality: The Legacies of Legal Pluralism, Subjecthood, and State-Building in China and Japan

Pär Kristoffer Cassel

in Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199792054
eISBN:
9780199932573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792054.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History, World Modern History

This chapter argues that prior to the Opium Wars in the mid-nineteenth century, both Qing China and Tokugawa Japan were familiar with the principle of personal jurisdiction and the existence of ... More


. Strong Nation, Stone Nation

Gregory Clancey

in Earthquake Nation: The Cultural Politics of Japanese Seismicity, 1868-1930

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246072
eISBN:
9780520932296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246072.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Kōbudaigakkō's zōka course was only one of a number of sites constructing new archi-technical models for Meiji Japan. Compromise within daiku culture had actually begun under the Tokugawa regime, and ... More


Katō Hiroyuki: Turning Nature into Time

Julia Adeney Thomas

in Reconfiguring Modernity: Concepts of Nature in Japanese Political Ideology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228542
eISBN:
9780520926844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228542.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the views of Japanese politician Katō Hiroyuki about nature. It explains that in 1881 Hiroyuki turned decidedly in favor of autocratic control, relying in large part on Social ... More


Transforming Eisei in Meiji Japan

RUTH ROGASKI

in Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240018
eISBN:
9780520930605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240018.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter addresses the “birth” of hygienic modernity as Meiji physician-bureaucrats used the term weisheng to convey a philosophy that linked the health of the individual to the health of the ... More


Negotiating the Boundaries of Race, Caste, and Mibun: Meiji-era Diplomatic and Immigrant Responses to North American Categories of Exclusion

Andrea Geiger

in Trans-Pacific Japanese American Studies: Conversations on Race and Racializations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780824847586
eISBN:
9780824873066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824847586.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Cultural attitudes rooted in the Tokugawa-era status system (mibunsei) provided an interpretive framework for the race-based hostility Meiji-era Japanese encountered in the United States and Canada, ... More


The Mythos of Masculinization: Narratives of Heroism and Historical Identity

Jason G. Karlin

in Gender and Nation in Meiji Japan: Modernity, Loss, and the Doing of History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838263
eISBN:
9780824871451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838263.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the discourse of heroes in Meiji Japan through its principal forms of representation, namely, history and fiction. In many cultures, the ideology of “masculine hegemony” finds ... More


Pacific Crossings

Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu

in Transpacific Field of Dreams: How Baseball Linked the United States and Japan in Peace and War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835623
eISBN:
9781469601830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882665_guthrie-shimizu.5
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces the genesis of baseball in Japan and its diffusion during the Meiji period. Evidence suggests that baseball played in Japan put the genesis of the game in the nation's capital in ... More


The European miracle in global history: an East Asian perspective

Kaoru Sugihara

in Writing the History of the Global: Challenges for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265321
eISBN:
9780191760495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265321.003.0009
Subject:
History, Historiography

The ‘European miracle’ needs to be compared to an East Asian development path. In East Asia efficient institutions fostered great use of labour, an ‘industrious revolution’ path entailing extensive ... More


Making a Moral Society: Ethics and the State in Meiji Japan

Richard M Reitan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832940
eISBN:
9780824870591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832940.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This innovative study of ethics in Meiji Japan (1868–1912) explores the intense struggle to define a common morality for the emerging nation-state. In the Social Darwinist atmosphere of the time, the ... More


To Change a Culture

Lan Cao

in Culture in Law and Development: Nurturing Positive Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199915231
eISBN:
9780199362936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915231.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter demonstrates how a thick conception of development necessitates an examination of both law and culture. First, the chapter deals with culture change in Turkey, Japan, and Germany., which ... More


Transitions to the Modern State System

Timothy Brook, Michael van Walt van Praag, and Miek Boltjes (eds)

in Sacred Mandates: Asian International Relations since Chinggis Khan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226562629
eISBN:
9780226562933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562933.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

The rules governing international relations in Inner and East Asia changed hugely in the nineteenth century. Asian laws of nations were supplanted under pressures coming from outside, most ... More


Earthquake Nation: The Cultural Politics of Japanese Seismicity, 1868-1930

Greg Clancey

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246072
eISBN:
9780520932296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246072.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Accelerating seismic activity in late Meiji Japan climaxed in the legendary Great Nobi Earthquake of 1891, which rocked the main island from Tokyo to Osaka, killing thousands. Ironically, the ... More


Nationalism, Everyday Life, and the Myth of Eternal Return

Jason G. Karlin

in Gender and Nation in Meiji Japan: Modernity, Loss, and the Doing of History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838263
eISBN:
9780824871451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838263.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book explores the ways in which modern forms of nostalgia become articulated in the language of gender and nation by focusing on Meiji Japan. Beginning with the critique of the Westernized ... More


Gender, Health, and the Problem of “Precocious Puberty” in Meiji Japan

Izumi Nakayama

in Gender, Health, and History in Modern East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9789888390908
eISBN:
9789888455096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390908.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Mishima Michiyoshi, a Japanese pioneer of school hygiene, believed that Japanese children experienced precocious puberty, resulting in underdeveloped and inferior physical stature in comparison to ... More


The Creation of Kokugo

Lee Yeounsuk

in The Ideology of Kokugo: Nationalizing Language in Modern Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833053
eISBN:
9780824870553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833053.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter traces the ideological background of the formation of the idea of kokugo. While the word itself existed before Meiji, kokugo with a modern connotation was a child of modernity born out ... More


The Vaccinators: Smallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan

Ann Jannetta

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754897
eISBN:
9780804779494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In Japan, as late as the mid-nineteenth century, smallpox claimed the lives of an estimated twenty percent of all children born—most of them before the age of five. When the apathetic Tokugawa ... More


Nationalism and Military Effectiveness: Post-Meiji Japan

Dan Reiter

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores how military effectiveness is affected by nationalism. It develops a model of how nationalism affects soldier motivations. It describes two areas in post-Meiji Japan in which ... More


Ueki Emori: Singing the Body Electric

Julia Adeney Thomas

in Reconfiguring Modernity: Concepts of Nature in Japanese Political Ideology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228542
eISBN:
9780520926844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228542.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines Ueki Emori's thoughts on the relation between nature and politics. It discusses the problems in Emori's radical theory of unmediated bodiliness and describes his attempt to ... More


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