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f o u r f o u r The Conversion to Newton

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s studies from 1754 to 1757, the application of his dynamic perspectives to fire, tides, the Earth’s rotation, climate, winds, and earthquakes. Section 1 surveys the ... More


Movement into the Future

William A. Richards and G. William Barnard

in Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174060
eISBN:
9780231540919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174060.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

The Taboo of Knowing who you Are and the future of psychedelic studies.


The Second Meditation and Objections to Cartesian Dualism

Michael Ayers

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In 1978, two books were published that became standard commentaries on Descartes's Meditations. One was Bernard Williams's Descartes: The Project of Pure Enquiry, the other Margaret Wilson's ... More


Hyperreal Samadhi: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

Jane Naomi Iwamura

in Virtual Orientalism: Asian Religions and American Popular Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199738601
eISBN:
9780199894604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738601.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Celebrity defines a new authorial framework, as the Maharishi Mahesh and his Transcendental Meditation movement gain legitimacy through the guru’s association with well-known entertainment stars in ... More


Externalist Solutions: Teleofunctional Accounts

Raffaella De Rosa

in Descartes and the Puzzle of Sensory Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570379
eISBN:
9780191722455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570379.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses a second type of externalist account of Cartesian sensations – viz., a teleofunctional one – and its alleged advantage of dissolving the problem of sensory misrepresentation ... More


An Introduction to the Devoute Life and The Temple: ‘The Poetry of Meditation’ or ‘Private Ejaculations’?

Elizabeth Clarke

in Theory and Theology in George Herbert’s Poetry: `Divinitie, and Poesie, Met'

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263982
eISBN:
9780191682698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263982.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, Theology

Louis Martz’s analysis of the similarities between An Introduction to the Devoute Life and The Temple has been extremely influential in Herbert criticism, despite the lack of certainty that Herbert ... More


Dreamers and Madmen

Janet Mercer

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the First Meditation, Descartes prefaces the dream argument with a paragraph in which he raises the possibility that he is like a lunatic. The lunacy triggered a disagreement between Foucault and ... More


On Descartes' Passive Thought: The Myth of Cartesian Dualism

Jean-Luc Marion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226192581
eISBN:
9780226192611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226192611.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although Descartes is often thought to advocate a strong dualistic split between mind and body, valuing the mind over the body and even doubting the latter’s existence, this careful treatment of the ... More


Summary of the Periphyseon: Book IV

John J. O’Meara

in Eriugena

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266747
eISBN:
9780191683084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266747.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents a summary of Book IV of Eriugena’s main work, Periphyseon. The book considers the Sixth Prophetic Meditation (the Sixth ‘Day’) of the creation of the universe.


The Problem of the External World

Barry Stroud

in The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247616
eISBN:
9780191598494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247613.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 sets out the Problem of the External World to which scepticism is a natural response: the problem, first posed by Descartes in his First Meditation, of how to show that we have any ... More


The Science of Meditation

Are Holen

in Asian Traditions of Meditation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780824855680
eISBN:
9780824873028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855680.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The first big wave of scientific research on meditation came in the 1970s and mainly focused on the physiology of relaxation. The second wave, which is still ongoing, has a stronger focus on modes of ... More


Buddhism

Corinna Nicolaou

in A None's Story: "Searching for Meaning Inside Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, and Islam"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231173940
eISBN:
9780231541251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231173940.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

On her drive back to Washington from LA, the author stops at the University of California at Berkeley, her old alma mater. It was here that the low-grade anxiety she suffered from as a child first ... More


New Religions

Marta Trzebiatowska and Steve Bruce

in Why are Women more Religious than Men?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199608102
eISBN:
9780191744730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608102.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter is a brief review of the role played by women in a variety of eighteenth and nineteenth century new religions and in the post-1960s new religious movements. The first part discusses a ... More


On the Issue of the Ultimate Style

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0051
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Of the ten styles of poetry, Priest Jakuren, the lords Ariie, Ietaka, Masatsune, and others considered the Style of Ineffable Depth (yūgentei) to be the most exalted one. However, the Retired ... More


Creating Rituals

Becky Thompson

in Teaching with Tenderness: Toward an Embodied Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041167
eISBN:
9780252099731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041167.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

What rituals of inclusion do we need as teachers to allow students to keep their hearts open as they learn about social justices? What work do faculty need to do so that students can express their ... More


Meditation

Ward Keeler

in The Traffic in Hierarchy: Masculinity and Its Others in Buddhist Burma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780824865948
eISBN:
9780824876944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824865948.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Many Burmese Buddhists consider meditation the most praiseworthy activity one can undertake as a pious Buddhist, whether religious or lay. This chapter suggests that meditation’s prestige stems from ... More


From Self to God

in Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Rene Descartes' proposition about the existence of God in Meditation III. It suggests that Descartes' theological arguments were not designed to demonstrate the truth of the ... More


The Validation of Intuition

in Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines objections to Rene Descartes' reasoning about truth in Meditation IV. It discusses Descartes' strategy for defending himself against the circularity objection and considers the ... More


God's Essence and Existence

in Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Rene Descartes' arguments about the existence of God in Meditation IV. It considers several objections and Descartes' replies, and suggests that Descartes appears to rest his ... More


Mind and Body

in Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Rene Descartes' argument for mind–body dualism in Meditation VI, and discusses essence in the argument for dualism and the mind–body composite. It explains that Descartes' view ... More


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