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Europe and the Islamic World: A History

John Tolan, Henry Laurens, and Gilles Veinstein

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This book sheds light on the shared roots of Islamic and Western cultures and on the richness of their inextricably intertwined histories, refuting once and for all the misguided notion of a “clash ... More


Amunnakht, Scribe and Poet of Deir el-Medina: A Study of Ostracon O Berlin P 14262

Günter Burkard

in Ancient Egyptian Literature: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265420
eISBN:
9780191760471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265420.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Amunnakht, scribe in the necropolis of Deir el-Medina, is a well-known figure in Ancient Egyptian history. He was active in the reigns of Ramses III to Ramses VI. From his quill we have not only ... More


Parallel Migrations, Divergent Destinations

Nadav Samin

in Of Sand or Soil: Genealogy and Tribal Belonging in Saudi Arabia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164441
eISBN:
9781400873852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164441.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter investigates the role of race in Saudi narratives of tribal authenticity by focusing on two stories of migration from a common point of origin, the villages and grazing lands south of ... More


Act Two: Tragedy and Triumph

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter traces what might be called the “Second Act” in the lives of the two religious figures: the historical circumstances of Jesus’ last days in Jerusalem and the plot against his life, his ... More


The Middle East in the Seventh Century: The Great Powers, Arabia, and the Prophet

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.00015
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Attention is turned first to the Persians' near‐destruction of the east Roman empire (603–26), and the Romans' near‐miraculous recovery (626–8). Arabia can be seen to have been affected in two ways: ... More


Mrs. Naunakhte & Family: The Women of Ramesside Deir al-Medina

Koenraad Donker van Heel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789774167737
eISBN:
9781617978159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167737.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The so-called Will of Naunakhte (1154 BCE) has become rightly famous in Egyptology. Naunakhte was a woman from the New Kingdom village of Deir al-Medina who made a statement in court about her ... More


The Triumph and Ideologization of Purist Salafism

Henri Lauzière

in The Making of Salafism: Islamic Reform in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175500
eISBN:
9780231540179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175500.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter six emphasizes the entrenchment of purist Salafism and explains the final stage of its conceptualization beginning in the 1970s.


The Five Walls of Pharaoh

Koenraad Donker van Heel

in Mrs. Naunakhte & Family: The Women of Ramesside Deir al-Medina

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789774167737
eISBN:
9781617978159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167737.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the Five Walls of Pharaoh in Deir al-Medina. It first considers the possibility that movement in the necropolis area was at least partially restricted and that the workmen ... More


Marriage: The Final Step

Koenraad Donker van Heel

in Mrs. Naunakhte & Family: The Women of Ramesside Deir al-Medina

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789774167737
eISBN:
9781617978159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167737.003.0017
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on marriage in Deir al-Medina. It begins with an overview of the marriage procedure or ceremony in the village, and cites indications that a formal divorce (at least in some ... More


The Mothers of the Believers in the Hadith

Barbara Freyer Stowasser

in Women in the Qur'an, Traditions, and Interpretation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111484
eISBN:
9780199853397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111484.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The first generation of Muslims surely heralded the Prophet's manner and way of life as an example they want to follow, because he was God's chosen one in their midst and the appointed leader to whom ... More


Qurʼānic Exegesis and History

Gerald Hawting

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

One of the fundamental ingredients of Qurʼānic commentaries is elucidation of who is addressed or referred to in the various passages of the scripture. For example, Q 2:6–7 refers to a group that ... More


The Marjaʿ and the Survival of a Community: The Shiʿa of Medina

Yousif Al-Khoei

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter portrays the little known Shiʿa community of Medina, the descendants of the earliest Muslim community. Suffering from discrimination in education, employment, and the freedom to practice ... More


The Sīra

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines biographical writings about Muḥammad from which cultural and historical data are extracted for comparison with that retrieved from the Qurʾān and Hadīth, and for examining the ... More


Wate Djekhy 559 BCE

Koenraad Donker van Heel

in Djekhy & Son: Doing Business in Ancient Egypt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789774164774
eISBN:
9781617971259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164774.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Water was essential in these funerary cults. In the Old Kingdom (2575–2134 BCE) people passing the tombs in the necropolis were called upon by the deceased themselves: “You, who are still living on ... More


Abolition

BERNARD LEWIS

in Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195053265
eISBN:
9780199854561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053265.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The chapter focuses on the revulsion against slavery which gave rise to a strong abolitionist movement in England during the nineteenth century. This also affected other Western countries including ... More


Introduction

Masooda Bano and Keiko Sakurai

in Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter describes the working of the three most influential international centres of Islamic learning in contemporary times: al Azhar University in Egypt, the Islamic University of ... More


The Islamic University of Medina since 1961: The Politics of Religious Mission and the Making of a Modern Salafi Pedagogy1

Mike Farquhar

in Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter offers an analysis of how the Islamic University of Medina (IUM) was from its very inception meant to function as a Saudi state-backed Salafi missionary project with global reach. The ... More


Ahlussunnah: A Preaching Network from Kano to Medina and Back

Alex Thurston

in Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter describes a network of prominent preachers, the “Ahlussunnah” (People of the tradition of the Prophet) of contemporary Kano, northern Nigeria. Of these preachers, roughly half are ... More


Ink

Koenraad Donker van Heel

in Djekhy & Son: Doing Business in Ancient Egypt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789774164774
eISBN:
9781617971259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164774.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The village of Deir al-Medina has produced many thousands of ostraca telling us all about everyday life in New Kingdom Egypt, at least for this village. The village itself was first excavated between ... More


Manāras and Manārs

Jonathan M. Bloom

in The Minaret

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748637256
eISBN:
9780748693832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637256.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the origins and meanings of the words manār and manāra, from which the word ‘minaret’ derives. It discusses how Umayyad and early Abbasid patrons built tall and slender towers ... More


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