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The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The book traces the interactions of American allopathic medicine, industrial capitalism, and the human desire for sleep from the late 18th century through the turn of the 21st century. The foundation ... More


Biomedicalization and the Practice of Culture: Globalization and Type 2 Diabetes in the United States and Japan

Mari Armstrong-Hough

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469646688
eISBN:
9781469646701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646688.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Over the last twenty years, type 2 diabetes skyrocketed to the forefront of global public health concern. In this book, Mari Armstrong-Hough examines the rise in and response to the disease in two ... More


Psychiatry, Progress, and Metaphysics

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the claim that psychiatry has failed to make progress and gotten on the wrong track by expanding the diagnostic system to include conditions that are not really disorders. In ... More


Of Dogs, Daycare, and Discipline: A “Genetic Guide to Parenting”?

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Depending on which gene a child has, being sent to daycare can either increase or decrease a child’s chances of developing allergies. Likewise, children with one form of a gene respond better to an ... More


Disabling Sex: Inventing a People who are Missing

Frida Beckman

in Between Desire and Pleasure: A Deleuzian Theory of Sexuality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748645923
eISBN:
9780748689170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645923.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter investigates how discourses on disability may assist the reconsideration of Deleuze’s understanding of sexual pleasure. Deleuze critiques the hierarchal organisation of bodies and their ... More


‘Belief’, ‘Opinion’, and ‘Knowledge’: The Idiot in Law in the Long Eighteenth Century

Simon Jarrett

in Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.003.0009
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the development of the legal concepts of idiocy and imbecility over the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, examining legal theory as well as evidence from civil court cases to ... More


Introduction: War and Medicine in World War I Germany

Heather R. Perry

in Recycling the disabled: Army, medicine, and modernity in WWI Germany

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719089244
eISBN:
9781781707982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089244.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Opening with a description of the wounds soldiers received in the First World War, the introduction offers readers an overview of the significance of medicine to modern warfare. A brief review of ... More


Conclusion Mobilisation, Militarisation, and Medicalisation in WWI Germany

Heather R. Perry

in Recycling the disabled: Army, medicine, and modernity in WWI Germany

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719089244
eISBN:
9781781707982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089244.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The conclusion outlines how the medical and social developments driven by the war had important long-term consequences for various segments of German society: orthopaedists, university medical ... More


Reform and consolidation

Sally Mayall Brasher

in Hospitals and Charity: Religious Culture and Civic Life in Medieval Northern Italy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526119285
eISBN:
9781526128393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526119285.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Chapter six traces the reform efforts of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, which eventually led to the consolidation of small independent hospitals into large civic institutions that became ... More


Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine

Howard Chiang

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096006
eISBN:
9781781708460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096006.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the volume by situating historical epistemology in its proper intellectual and cultural genealogy (from the late nineteenth century to the present), by arguing for the ... More


The Reasons of a Passion

Thomas Dodman

in What Nostalgia Was: War, Empire, and the Time of a Deadly Emotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226492803
eISBN:
9780226493138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226493138.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Nostalgia became a thing in the Age of Enlightenment, in the writings and actions of physicians and philosophes who heard about this mysterious Swiss illness. Across Europe and the North Atlantic, ... More


Sleeping on the Job: From Siestas to Workplace Naps

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Counter to many expectations that we would adopt a 24 hour society, I discuss herein the ways that the American work day has remained steadfastly diurnal and the various global and local ... More


Take Back Your Time: Activism and Overworked Americans

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on contemporary politics around time and its use in American society; I focus primarily on the Take Back Your Time movement and the rearrangement of school start times to allow ... More


Unconscious Criminality: Sleepwalking Murders, Drowsy Driving, and the Vigilance of the Law

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the history of the use of the sleepwalking defense in the U.S. and its roots in conceptions of desire and nature. I follow this discussion by focusing on the invention of drowsy ... More


The Extremes of Sleep: War, Sports, and Science

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter takes the concerns of how sleep makes us human into stranger realms – extreme sports, military research, and adventurous science. At once, the very basis of sleep is being tested in ... More


The Futures of Sleep

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

What compels us to want to not sleep? I introduce cases of perpetual sleeplessness to challenge this imagined posthuman future of sleep, attempts to break records to stay awake, science fictional ... More


From the Lone Sleeper to the Slumbering Masses

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Dominant conceptions of sleep have changed over time, and so have American understandings of the normal, the ideal, the disorderly, and pathological. These changes are the result of scientific, ... More


The Rise of American Sleep Medicine: Diagnosing and Misdiagnosing Sleep

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

I begin by describing the contemporary situation of sleep medicine – its rise since the 1970s and the forces behind it. I also describe the sleep clinic where I conducted my fieldwork. I argue that ... More


The Protestant Origins of American Sleep

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

I trace discussions of sleep from early colonial America through the scientific efforts in the first half of the 20th century, focused on American idioms of sleep – which highlight concerns with ... More


Sleeping and Not Sleeping in the Clinic: How Medicine Is Remaking Biology and Society

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

in The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Based on the contemporary sleep clinic, I focus on the roles of doubt and certainty in medical practice, particularly in a series of cases presented by physicians to other physicians and the ... More


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