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Developing and evaluating complex interventions: an introduction to the new Medical Research Council guidance

Peter Craig, Paul Dieppe, Sally Macintyre, Susan Michie, Irwin Nazareth, and Mark Petticrew

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Complex interventions are widely used in the health service, in public health practice, and in areas of social policy that have important consequences for population health, such as education, ... More


Systematic Gradualism: Harm Reduction, Public Health, and the Industry, 1950s–1971

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter traces the history of what Sir Peter Froggatt, Chair of the Independent Scientific Committee on Smoking and Health, writing in the 1980s, called the strategy of ‘systematic gradualism’.. ... More


Fetal Pathology and Social Obstetrics

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

During the early years of the 20th century the pathologists held sway. Their detailed post-mortem examinations of fetuses promised to provide answers about causes of death. But the relatively small ... More


Postwar Blood Grouping 1: The Blood Group Research Unit

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When the war ended, the Galton Serum Unit was reconstituted at the Lister Institute in London. There, the Medical Research Council's Blood Group Research Unit, directed by serologist and geneticist ... More


Curing TB: Antibiotics, Drug Resistance, and Compliance in Kenya

Christian W. McMillen

in Discovering Tuberculosis: A Global History, 1900 to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300190298
eISBN:
9780300213485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190298.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After antibiotics for TB were discovered and found to be effective in the late 1940s and early 1950s they were quickly introduced into the developing world. Kenya was one of the first places where ... More


Blood Groups at War

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When the Second World War began, Fisher’s lab was co-opted by the Medical Research Council, renamed the Galton Serum Unit, and tasked with providing practical support for the new Emergency Blood ... More


Retirement and a Shotgun Marriage

in The Turnstone: A Doctor's Story

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237570
eISBN:
9781846314292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237570.003.0022
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter first details the author's research on the factors behind the large number of cancer-related deaths among men in the research and technical staff of the Agricultural Institute of ... More


Genetically Ethnic? Genes, ‘Race’, and Health in Thatcher’s Britain

Roberta Bivins

in Contagious Communities: Medicine, Migration, and the NHS in Post War Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198725282
eISBN:
9780191792625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725282.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Molecular genetics was an area in which elite British scientists and research institutions sought to compete on a global scale. Sickle cell anaemia and thalassaemia, genetic conditions strongly ... More


Reforming Human Heredity in the 1930s

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1930s, a community of influential British biologists seized on blood groups in their attempts to reform the study of human heredity. This community included R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, J. ... More


Max Perutz, John Kendrew, Peterhouse, and the Davy-Faraday Research Laboratory

John Meurig Thomas

in Architects of Structural Biology: Bragg, Perutz, Kendrew, Hodgkin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198854500
eISBN:
9780191888793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854500.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The accidental way in which Perutz and Kendrew met and the influence of the brilliant, versatile physicist J. D. Bernal upon them and on the third Nobel Laureate chemist Dorothy Hodgkin are ... More


Funding

Piers Page

in An Introduction to Clinical Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199570072
eISBN:
9780191917868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199570072.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Medicine

As it makes the world go round, it is very unlikely you’ll have got this far in planning a research project without someone asking you about money. Unfortunately no research is free—even a project ... More


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