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World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines the provisions of the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki, which was developed as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other ... More


Distress in Dying: First published as a letter in British Medical Journal, vol. 2 (July – December 1963), p. 746.

Cicely Saunders

in Cicely Saunders: Selected Writings 1958-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570530
eISBN:
9780191730412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570530.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

1963 saw the appearance of Cicely Saunders' first publication in the British Medical Journal — further evidence of the green shoots of recognition within the medical establishment. In the journal, it ... More


Doctors' Politics and the Red Menace

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter looks at how the physicians mobilized against the proposals for government health insurance. This period of mobilization was from the Progressive Era to the 1950s. The chapter starts ... More


Organized Labor's Health Benefits

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter studies trade unions and how they helped promote the emerging private health insurance system, showing that the trade unions also led the drive for Medicare and disability insurance. It ... More


How to organize the transition from a traditional curriculum to a PBL curriculum

Martin Paul

in Lessons from Problem-based Learning

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583447
eISBN:
9780191594519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583447.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Some say that no challenge is more difficult than trying to change a traditional curriculum into a problem-based one. Maastricht University has been lucky in that it was able to start with ... More


Medical Provision, Diagnosis, and Prescription

Geoffrey Tweedale

in Magic Mineral to Killer Dust: Turner & Newall and the Asbestos Hazard

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243990
eISBN:
9780191697326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243990.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

For most workers who joined or were employed in the asbestos industry, there was no indication that they were working with a hazardous material. However, for the minority employed in the ‘scheduled ... More


Feels Like Home

Adam D. Reich

in Selling Our Souls: The Commodification of Hospital Care in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160405
eISBN:
9781400850372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160405.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines informality and collegiality at PubliCare Hospital. In part, informality and collegiality at PubliCare seemed to result from organizational inertia—the same people had been ... More


Good Business

Adam D. Reich

in Selling Our Souls: The Commodification of Hospital Care in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160405
eISBN:
9781400850372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160405.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the link between Emergency Medical Incorporated's financial success and the quality of hospital care it ultimately was able to provide. Emergency Medical Incorporated, one of ... More


Weill Cornell Medicine: A History of Cornell's Medical School

Antonio M. Jr., MD Gotto and Jennifer Moon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702136
eISBN:
9781501703676
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702136.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This book is a story of continuity and transformation. Cornell medical school has been a leader in education, patient care, and research—from its founding as Cornell University Medical College in ... More


Medical Injuries Compensation Reform Act: Unconstitutional Until Proven Otherwise

Richard L. Abel

in Lawyers on Trial: Understanding Ethical Misconduct

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199760374
eISBN:
9780199827077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760374.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

Overcharging and neglect are the two most common client complaints. Lawyers must not “enter into an agreement for, charge, or collect an illegal or unconscionable fee”. This chapter focuses on the ... More


Old and Sick in America: The Journey through the Health Care System

Muriel R. Gillick

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635248
eISBN:
9781469635255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635248.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine and Older People

Since the introduction of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965, the American health care system has grown in size and complexity. Muriel R. Gillick takes readers on a narrative tour of American health care, ... More


Building the Medical Machine: the Western Front, 1914–June 1916

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines casualty disposal (the evacuation and treatment of casualties) from the beginning of the war through to mid-1916. Beginning with an analysis of planning for a continental ... More


Feeling Medicine: How the Pelvic Exam Shapes Medical Training

Kelly Underman

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479897780
eISBN:
9781479836338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479897780.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Gynecological teaching associates (GTAs) are trained laypeople who teach medical students the communication and technical skills of the pelvic examination while simultaneously serving as live models ... More


The Triumvirate Struggles On

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Hawaiian Medical Society remained divided over the Board of Health's bacteriology-based policies. Experimental vaccines offered little help against cases of bubonic plague. Disputes arose between ... More


The Frustrations of Mopping Up

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Board of Health expanded its fire policy to Kahului's Chinatown on the island of Maui, and continued to deal with a divided Hawaiian Medical Society and a hostile Citizens' Sanitary Commission in ... More


Paying for Medicare: Benefits, Budgets, and Wilbur Mills’s Policy Legacy

Eric Patashnik

in Governing America: The Revival of Political History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150734
eISBN:
9781400841899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150734.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the origins and consequences of Medicare's peculiar bifurcated structure, focusing on the role played by former House Ways and Means Committee chair Wilbur D. Mills. It shows ... More


Last Lap: Work and Pregnancy

Nancy Woloch

in A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the legal challenges that workplace pregnancy posed in the 1970s and 1980s. Debates about workplace pregnancy revived clashes about difference and equality that had vexed the ... More


December's Debates and “a Sad Christmas Present”

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The quarantine policy stirred personal rivalries and fanned dissension among members of the Hawaiian Medical Society, not all of whom believed that bacteriology could prove the presence of bubonic ... More


Public Health Policy and the “Great Doctors' Meeting”

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The fire policy rekindled dissension within the Hawaiian Medical Society, which initially voted no confidence in the Board of Health. Those favoring traditional sanitation approaches to public health ... More


Situated Intervention: Sociological Experiments in Health Care

Teun Zuiderent-Jerak

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029384
eISBN:
9780262329439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029384.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This book considers the question of how the direct involvement of social scientists in the practices they study can lead to the production of interesting sociological knowledge. It draws together two ... More


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