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Hierarchies of Humanity: Intervening in International Conflicts

Didier Fassin

in Humanitarian Reason: A Moral History of the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520271166
eISBN:
9780520950481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271166.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses how within the arena of humanitarianism itself, hierarchies of humanity are passively established where the expatriate aid workers are provided with due protection whereas the ... More


How Did Médecins Sans Frontières Negotiate Clinical Trials of Unproven Treatments During the 2014–2015 Ebola Epidemic?

Annette Rid and Annick Antierens

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In 2014, the world began to witness an unprecedented Ebola epidemic in West Africa that is now smoldering. Ebola had a fatality rate of 40% to 60% in this epidemic due to a lack of adequate health ... More


Subjectivity Without Subjects: Reinventing the Figure of the Witness

Didier Fassin

in Humanitarian Reason: A Moral History of the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520271166
eISBN:
9780520950481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271166.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter presents a study on Médecins Sans Frontières and Médecins du Monde assistance programs in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to analyze the transformation of the status of witnesses in ... More


Genealogies of Care: The New Humanitarianism

Ticktin Miriam

in Casualties of Care: Immigration and the Politics of Humanitarianism in France

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520269040
eISBN:
9780520950535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520269040.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter traces the genealogy of one critical transnational regime of care—what has been called the “new humanitarianism,” referring to the movement of sans-frontière-isme that started with ... More


Secular Humanitarianism and the Value of Life

Peter Redfield

in What Matters?: Ethnographies of Value in a Not So Secular Age

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156851
eISBN:
9780231504683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156851.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter considers the degree to which secular organization finds a “sacred purpose” through seeking to preserve human existence. The key example for this study is the humanitarian association ... More


Doctors Against Borders: Médecins Sans Frontières and Global Health Security

João Nunes

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The contemporary security environment presents a challenge for Doctors Without Borders/Médecins sans Frontières (MSF). It exacerbates a tension that has shaped this organization since its inception, ... More


The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Michiel Hofman and Sokhieng Au (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although Ebola and similar hemorrhagic fevers have occurred in the past, both the numbers and geographic spread of the 2014-15 West African Ebola epidemic were unprecedented. Ebola and the associated ... More


Finding an Answer to Ebola’s Greatest Challenge

Armand Sprecher

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Doctors Without Borders/Médecins sans Frontières (MSF)’s prior engagements with the Ebola epidemic elsewhere in West Africa prevented it from mounting a robust response to the outbreak in Monrovia, ... More


Treating, Containing, Mobilizing: The Role of Médecins Sans Frontières in the West African Ebola Epidemic Response

Heather Pagano and Marc Poncin

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 2, Heather Pagano and Marc Poncin detail, from the perspective of Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières), the unique features of the outbreak that made past approaches to ... More


The Cost-Effectiveness Conundrum

Jennifer C. Rubenstein

in Between Samaritans and States: The Political Ethics of Humanitarian INGOs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199684106
eISBN:
9780191764660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684106.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

In making large-scale decisions about resource use, how much weight should INGOs put on considerations of cost-effectiveness? Chapter 6 examines three answers to this question: the principle of “aid ... More


Cleaning Up the Cold War: Global Humanitarianism and the Infrastructure of Crisis Response

Peter Redfield

in Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262515788
eISBN:
9780262295710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262515788.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The two World Wars and the Cold War resulted in mass destruction across the globe and subsequent episodes of humanitarian crisis. This chapter explores the growth of the infrastructure to respond to ... More


The Middle East: A Mandatory Return to Humanitarian Action

Caroline Abu Sa’Da

in Land of Blue Helmets: The United Nations and the Arab World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520286931
eISBN:
9780520961982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286931.003.0018
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines how the Syrian crisis has exposed the limitations of mixing political and humanitarian activities and its damaging impact on the delivery of much-needed assistance to Syrian ... More


Introduction: Where Have All the Borders Gone?

Sarah S. Stroup

in Borders among Activists: International NGOs in the United States, Britain, and France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450730
eISBN:
9780801464256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450730.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter presents three prominent nongoverment organizations—Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Oxford Committee for Famine Relief (Oxfam International), and Cooperative for Assistance ... More


Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights

Wendy H. Wong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450792
eISBN:
9780801466069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450792.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Why are some international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) more politically salient than others, and why are some NGOs better able to influence the norms of human rights? This book shows how the ... More


Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War

Gabrielle Hecht (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262515788
eISBN:
9780262295710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262515788.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The Cold War was not simply a stand-off between the two superpowers. Its theaters were not just in Washington and in Moscow, but also in the social, economic, political, and cultural arenas of ... More


Whose Security?: Militarization and Securitization During West Africa’s Ebola Outbreak

Adia Benton

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In early September 2014, Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) urged governments to send military personnel and assets to respond to the Ebola crisis in West Africa. MSF emphasized ... More


A Few Days in July

Lindis Hurum

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

When several small disasters occurred in rapid succession during the larger unfolding disaster of the Ebola epidemic in Liberia, the fight against Ebola seemed increasingly hopeless. This vignette ... More


Failing Dr. Khan

Tim O’Dempsey

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

On July 29, 2014, Dr. Sheik Humarr Khan, Sierra Leone’s leading expert on viral hemorrhagic fevers, died of Ebola virus disease in the Ebola treatment center in Kailahun run by Doctors Without ... More


Challenges of Instituting Effective Medevac Policies

Duncan McLean

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the medical evacuation policies of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) and how they were adapted to the West African Ebola epidemic. Medical evacuations for ... More


Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Sam F. Halabi, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Jeffrey S. Crowley (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa shocked the world as the disease spread rapidly from its origin to neighboring countries, Europe, and North America while the systems in place to ... More


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