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Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Saurabh Mishra

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book studies the organization and meanings of the Haj from India during colonial times and analyses it from political, commercial, and medical perspectives — between 1860, the year of the first ... More


A Prophet Emerging: Fetal Narratives in Islamic Literature

Daniel C. Peterson

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Stories about the antemortal existence, conception, gestation, and birth of the Prophet Muhammad, absent from the Qur’an, began to circulate in the decades after his death. They served a political ... More


Seeking the Heart of Islam

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 8 is woven around the author's trip to Saudi Arabia six months prior to 9/11. There are two faces of Saudi Arabia: Mecca, the birthplace of Islam and the prophet Mohammed, and Riyadh in the ... More


The Settings

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the good deal we know of the settings, Galilee and Judea, of Jesus’ life and much too of the varieties of Second Temple Judaism that shaped his message and his movement, its ... More


The Critic at Work: Coming of Age

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter flows from the proposition that critical history attempts to apply criteria of facticity to literary texts and that redaction criticism in particular looks for traces of editorial ... More


The Message: Muhammad at Mecca

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The chapter explores Muhammad’s message as it unfolds in the Quran. It had come to him directly from God, he said, through the agency of an angel. It too has an eschatological focus and is familiarly ... More


Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World

Robert R. Bianchi

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195171075
eISBN:
9780199835102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171071.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Each year, more than two million pilgrims from over 100 countries converge on the holy city of Mecca to reenact the ritual dramas that Muslims have been performing for centuries. While it is first ... More


Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

James Howard-Johnston

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The principal witnesses to the rise of Islam are examined, first contemporary and near‐contemporary non‐Muslims, then later writers with access to good sources of information, and finally the ... More


Remembering Islamization, 1300–1750

Michael Laffan

in The Makings of Indonesian Islam: Orientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145303
eISBN:
9781400839995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145303.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter documents what is known of the process of Islamization across Indonesia and argues that the present knowledge is informed in large part by the acceptance of the ... More


Mary

Rusmir Mahmutćehajić

in The Mosque: The Heart of Submission

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225842
eISBN:
9780823237159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225842.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter presents Islamic teachings about the Virgin Mary. The innermost part of every mosque is its mihrab—the niche in the wall that faces toward Mecca. Every mosque has at least one door ... More


The Life of the Prophet

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Islamic traditions about pre‐Islamic Arabia are tested in relation to three episodes which are independently covered by non‐Islamic sources—a massacre of Christians in Najran in 523, an attack from ... More


The Middle East in the Seventh Century: The Great Powers, Arabia, and the Prophet

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.00015
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Attention is turned first to the Persians' near‐destruction of the east Roman empire (603–26), and the Romans' near‐miraculous recovery (626–8). Arabia can be seen to have been affected in two ways: ... More


Official Conspiracy Theories and the Wagers of Genius

Priya Satia

in Spies in Arabia: The Great War and the Cultural Foundations of Britain's Covert Empire in the Middle East

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331417
eISBN:
9780199868070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331417.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter describes the emergence of a conspiracy-thinking culture in the postwar British imperial state. As intelligence agents from the Middle East slipped into administrative roles in the ... More


Medicalizing Mecca: European Policies and Pilgrims' Experiences in Mecca

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The study of sanitary regulations around the Haj has shown that, by the late nineteenth century, Mecca became deeply embedded within medical debates. It was discussed all over the world and found a ... More


Politics and the Pilgrimage: The Haj in the Early Twentieth Century

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The last few decades of the nineteenth century heralded a period of intense anti-British Muslim politics in the subcontinent, and Mecca was at the centre of real or perceived insurgent activities. ... More


Russian Hajj: Empire and the Pilgrimage to Mecca

Eileen Kane

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454233
eISBN:
9781501701313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454233.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

In the late nineteenth century, as a consequence of imperial conquest and a mobility revolution, Russia became a crossroads of the hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. This book, the first in ... More


From the Sacred Mosque to the Remote Temple: Sūrat al-Isrāʼ between Text and Commentary

Angelika Neuwirth

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0025
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Three honorary titles are assigned to Jerusalem in Islam: It is “the first of the two directions of prayer”, the “second of the two sanctuaries (for temples)”, and the “third [important sacred site] ... More


Qurʼānic Exegesis and History

Gerald Hawting

in With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137279
eISBN:
9780199849482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137279.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

One of the fundamental ingredients of Qurʼānic commentaries is elucidation of who is addressed or referred to in the various passages of the scripture. For example, Q 2:6–7 refers to a group that ... More


The Mothers of the Believers in the Hadith

Barbara Freyer Stowasser

in Women in the Qur'an, Traditions, and Interpretation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111484
eISBN:
9780199853397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111484.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The first generation of Muslims surely heralded the Prophet's manner and way of life as an example they want to follow, because he was God's chosen one in their midst and the appointed leader to whom ... More


The Sīra

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines biographical writings about Muḥammad from which cultural and historical data are extracted for comparison with that retrieved from the Qurʾān and Hadīth, and for examining the ... More


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